"Hey, brain stuff, Lauren Bogle bomb here. It's called the rise of the nuns, the rapid increase in the number of Americans who claim to have no religious beliefs that has taken place in the last decade, or so when pews religious landscape study came out in two thousand fifteen it showed that the percentage of atheists in America had doubled from one point six two thousand seven to three point one in two thousand fourteen. Meanwhile, the percentage of agnostics had just about doubled from two point four to four point. Oh, but these terms agnostic an atheist are often confused. Let's unpack them people choose to identify as religiously agnostic for a variety of personal reasons philosophical, psychological, theological or even political, but it's not that agnostics are spiritual fence sitters unwilling to state whether they believe in God or don't true it necessarily. It turns out has nothing to do with belief at all. The term agnostic system was first coined by English biologist Thomas, Henry Huxley who lived in the mid to late eighteen hundreds. He was a fierce defender of Charles Darwin against religious critics who accused him of denying God's role in creation as a scientist Huxley didn't concern himself with beliefs he sought after facts, and the fact of any proposition, for example, that God created the vast diversity of nature or that evolved from natural selection. Could only be proven by the evidence Huxley stated that narcissism itself wasn't a creed or set of beliefs, but a principle namely, quote that it is wrong for man to say he is certain of the objective truth of a proposition unless he can produce evidence which logically justifies that certainty. The word itself was a combination of the prefix a meaning against or opposite and NAS Decem which comes from a Greek word meaning knowledge necessary. I'm was a religious movement that flourished in the first and second centuries, CE and held that among other things the spirit world was good and the material world was evil. And although the principle of agnostic system doesn't exclusively apply to the question of God's existence. You can be agnostic about any proposition. It's been wrapped up in religion. Since the beginning Huxley wrote, a friend in eighteen sixty I neither affirm nor deny that immortality of men. I see no reason for believing it. But on the other hand, I have no means of disproving it gives me such evidence. As would justify me in believing anything else, and I will believe that. So that's awesome. But what about atheism, atheism? According to its classical definition is the lack of belief in God or that God is the biblical Judeo Christian God or some other higher power is separate issue. The opposite of atheism is theism the belief that God exists, atheism. And theism are thus both metaphysical claims because they assert an answer to a question about the nature of reality. Agnostic system on the other hand doesn't take a position on whether God exists. Instead, it takes a position on whether or not we can know if God exists. This is thus a physical or pissed him logical question this democracy being these study of knowledge at NAS to some claims that we cannot know if God does or does not exist because there's no compelling evidence that either proposition is true. At least not yet. You might think that agnostics as them is nothing more than a handy way to dodge the question of whether you believe in God instead of saying, yes, or no the agnostic chooses a third position neither. But this is where things can get Harry. We spoke with Paul Draper, a professor at Purdue University who specializes in the philosophy of religion. He's witnessed his fair share of arguments between atheists agnostics he said people get so angry about this. The eighth will say you call yourself at agnostic, but you're really an atheist and you can see the eighth yeasts point at face value. It seems there's a razor thin line between saying. I don't see any evidence that got exists. And I don't believe the God exists. But the difference is that you can be an agnostic and atheist just as you can be an agnostic to believe in Christian or Buddhist or Muslim that's because agnostic schism at its core is separate and unrelated to questions of faith. Let's explain agnostics are nearly always lumped together with atheists as a type of non believer the Pew Research Center defined religious nuns as being either atheists agnostics or not affiliated with any particular religion. But it must isn't itself. A belief system. One could believe on face the God exists, but still ascribed the agnostic position that God's existence cannot be proven by physical evidence or rational arguments such a person would be an agnostic theorist. There's even a school of theology called apathetic theology. The claims that God is inherently unknowable. Thomas Aquinas, the thirteenth century philosopher and the Logan wrote. Now, we cannot know what God is. But only what God is not we must therefore consider the ways in which God does not exist rather than the ways in which God does according to seventy two percent of religious nuns. The group that does include easiest and agnostics do believe in a higher power. However, while it's technically true that you can be both an agnostic and faithful believer, it's perhaps more common for agnostics to doubt the existence of God is such Bertrand. Russell the British floss for it mathematician wrote a treatise on Augusta schism in which he explained why the agnostic and atheist positions often overlap. He said the agnostic suspends judgment saying that there are not sufficient grounds either for African nation or for denial at the same time at agnostic may hold the existence of God, though, not impossible is very improbable. He may even hold it. So improbable that it's not worth considering in practice in that case he is not far removed from atheism. His attitude. Maybe that would careful philosopher would have towards the gods of agent, Greece. If I were asked to prove that Zeus Poseidon inherit and the rest of the Olympics, do not exist. I should be at a loss to find conclusive arguments. An agnostic may think the Christian God as improbable as the Olympia ins in that case, he is for practical purposes at one with atheists. As we said at the beginning. The reasons for identifying as agnostic are myriad and different for every person Draper who has participated in high profile debates with Christian philosophers calls himself, a local eighth easiest and global agnostic. He explained I'm an atheist about the all powerful all knowing all good God, I'm agnostic about God. In a broader sense. Is there some being the qualifies for the title? God. There could be such a"