Listen: Echoes of History: Mary Edwards Walker & Jessie Benton Fremont
"Today at history past Mondays podcast. That would be yesterday of missing. Mysteries mentioned a female spy working on the Union side during the civil war. Her name was Mary Edward Walker. She was a licensed physician. Who wanted to join the Union forces and work the frontlines as a doctor but she was a woman and so it was turned down determine? She volunteered as a citizen and work the front lines at one point. She crossed the battleline into confederate territory to assist Dr Amputation and was taken in prisoner but considered a spy because he was dressed like a man simply put wearing trousers was her choice of dress. She was traded back to the Union for confederate general. Just before the end of the war after the war she became a writer and lecturer supporting such issues as health. Care Temperance women's rights and dress reform for women. She was frequently arrested for wearing men's clothing and insisted on a right-to-work clothing that she thought was appropriate. She wrote two books discussed women's ride I'd Andress. She replied to criticism of her attire. I don't wear men's clothes. I wear my own clothes. She was also the only woman to to receive the medal of honor. Walker was a member of the central woman. Suffrage Bureau in Washington and solicited funds to endow share for Female Mel Professor at Howard University Medical School. She attempted to register to vote in eighteen seventy one but was turned away initial stance to the movement following. Her lead was to claim that women already had the right to vote and congress needed only to enact enabling legislation upgrade number fruitless years advocating this position the movement promoted the adoption of a constitutional amendment in one thousand nine seven Walker published crowning constitutional argument argument in which she argued that some states as well as a federal constitution had already granted women the right to vote. She testified on on Women's suffrage before committees of the US House of Representatives in nineteen twelve nineteen fourteen. Ironically her death in nineteen nineteen came one year before the passage of the nineteenth amendment to the United States Constitution which granted women the right to vote next on. Our Echo is another a woman mentioned the name Freon and you might say oh. Yeah John C.. freemont explorer. Yeah I know him and you'd be right in eighteen. Fifty fifty six fremont anti-slavery position was instrumental in his being chosen as the first ever Republican candidate for president but John Fremont it didn't really discover anything that hasn't been discovered already but he had a knack for publicity header his wife. Jessie she played an extremely streamline active role in campaigning. Rallying support for husband one particular campaign slogan read Fremont and Jesse to her father other however a life long Democrat refused to endorse her husband's bid for the presidency remember he was running as Republicans she was considered the first lady in the land title. Her admirers continued to use throughout her life. One of the most impressive feats of her political career came shortly after Fremont lost his position during the civil war for issuing his own edict of emancipation similarly free all the slaves and Missouri which antedated gated. Lincoln's own emancipation. Proclamation Jesse actually traveled to Washington and pleaded with Lincoln on behalf of her husband but to no avail after the war they moved to New York and California in the paddock financial panic of eighteen. Seventy three John C.. Freemont who had invested a heavily in railroad stock lost. Everything declared bankruptcy. Undaunted by their financial situation Jesse began writing books to help support the family. I'm late namely a year. American travel narrative of personal experience which was a story of her journey to California in eighteen. Forty nine and souvenirs of my time that was eighteen eighty seven after the death of her husband Congress in recognition of his valued services granted. Jessie a widow's those pension of two thousand dollars a year and eight hundred ninety one. She moved into a home at the corner of twenty eight and Hoover streets in Los Angeles that was presented to her by a committee of ladies of the city as a token of their great regard. Jessie Benton Fremont died at the age of seventy eight at her home in Los Else Angeles. The story has remark on these two women and say they were born out of time in that. If they were alive today they surely would be running for"