Listen: Hatshepsut: 'The First Great Woman of History'
"Jenny Kaplan. And this is encyclopedia Lamonica. Today's leader was one of the few female fan and each in Egypt and one of its most successful pharaohs overall ruling for over twenty years. She led Egypt through a period of prosperity completed ambitious building projects and increased trade with surrounding lands. She sometimes called the first great woman of history. Let's talk about huts ships. Hatshepsut was born in around fifteen o seven BC to the Eighteenth Dynasty Addiction. King Tut most of the first and his primary wife very little known about her early childhood around the age of twelve hotshot so it was married to her half brother. Tet moves to the second who was a younger son of Hatshepsut's father and his secondary wife cut most of the second had three older brothers authors. So he wasn't originally next in line for the throne but each of his older brothers died before coming of age as the eldest living son of most of the first. I tut most of the second ascent to the throne around fourteen ninety two ABC hardships. It became his primary wife and Queen. She gave birth to a daughter but never had a son to inherit the throne. One took most of the second died around fourteen seventy nine B C e. his eldest son took most of the third was named King Tut. Most of the third was the eldest son of a lower harem queen and was only an infant when he took power as US such hardships. It acted as regent for the baby. This was fairly common arrangement at the time. But by most of the third seventh year in Power Hatshepsut sit herself had been crowned King and was given the full titles and Regalia of Traditional Pharaoh. Technically she co ruled with the young cut most of the third but there was no question about who the primary rule really was. It's unclear exactly how hot chips it gained that level of power and how she convinced. The Egyptian elite beat to accept a female fair. It's generally thought that she spent years promoting loyal officials into major positions of power and they in turn supported her bid for the throne during its reign. Egypt enjoyed appearing to peace with its neighbors. She went on a short successful military campaign in Nubia. Yeah when she first came to power after that. Her government's foreign policy was almost entirely focused on trade scenes on the walls of shops at. Stay here Bihari. Temple show trade expeditions and imports of valuables like gold. Animal Furs Ebony. And spices as part of their duties. Egyptian Pharaohs rose were expected to take on major building projects and restore the buildings of former pharaohs that had gone into disrepair in this regard had chips. It didn't buck the norm. She took on a massive building program that included temple to the God. Amon Ray in thieves a full remodeling of her father's hall and the addition addition of her own shrine at the Great Karnak temple complex and a beautiful temple cut out of rock at Beni Hasan among others hut ships. Greatest building chief of all was the year up a hurry temple. It was meant to serve as a living memorial temple that would continue to be used by her subjects after her death breath for her actual burial spot hardships. It added onto her father's tomb in the Valley of the Kings so she could be buried next to him as Hutch. Upset that older. She gave her co ruler. Tut Most of a third more power and a larger role in state government after Hatshepsut died around fourteen eighteen fifty eight BC Tut. Most of the third ruled alone for more than thirty years. During his rule. He tried hi to remove all traces of shops. Its existence here moved statues of her and Ethan wiped her name off. The official list of Egyptian kings. Modern scholars originally thought that this must have been an act of revenge. But it's now believe that it probably had more to do with cleaning up the line of succession. It's worth noting that other pharaohs did similar things to their predecessors including scrubbing building inscriptions and claiming the buildings as their own because of this campaign of erasure. Racer hardships it became essentially unknown to history until eighteen. Twenty two when the newfound ability to understand hieroglyphics finally allowed archaeologists theologists and scholars to read descriptions at her temple and rediscover this incredible."