Seed Banking A Floristic Province, Naomi Fraga Of California Botanic Garden

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We're back now to our conversation with naomi. Freda director of conservation programs the california botanic garden in claremont california since its founding in nineteen twenty seven. The garden has included seed collecting and seed banking as part of. Its work as we come back. Dr frigo explains the different branches of work in the conservation programs. She directs welcome back in field studies. It's basically field research on the ground to understand the plants of california. So we're out there gathering data collecting specimens and sometimes we even find and describe new species to our state. We're oftentimes finding new rare plant populations and documenting those and making that information widely available land managers and state different kinds of agencies in our laboratory program. We have a molecular lab and we also have an anatomy lab and so we have some very state of the equipment to address plant conservation in in very more high tech ways than sort of just boots on the ground observing and recording and understanding. And so we can look at genes and we can look at morphology at the microscopic level. We have a scanning scanning electron scope. We can also section plants and look at their individual cells. We can also look at their chromosomes and so gathering. This data might provide us with more information about the plants biology that might inform their conservation. It's really great. Have these research tools to allow us to address plant conservation in a variety of ways. And then we have the plant nursery which is really an incredible tool for plant conservation because we take plants out of the wild environment. Maybe we collect seeds or cuttings and we're growing in cultivation. There's so much that we can learn In terms of gathering data on horticultural requirements supplants. That might shed light on. How plants exist in nature. What are their growing requirements. What do they require. Rejuvenation swap intended to experiments to see how we can germinate there sees whether they require smoke. Fire acid treatment. You know all these different mechanisms step. Plants need to allow them to grow. Maybe there is a question about plant reproduction. And we want to know. If plant can produce seeds by self pollinating we grow those plants in the nursery and do simple experiments to do either cross pollination or flowers to prevent pollination to see if they produce route so we can do those kinds of studies we can also do common garden studies in her nursery where we might compare plants from two different locations and grow them under the same growing conditions to see if differences we see in nature or result of genetics or environment. And then we might also just need to grow plants for various restoration efforts and so we have a lot of degraded lands and You know seeing those degraded lands You know that's very difficult to get restoration going from seeds. Because the invasive species oftentimes need seeds and so establishing with container plants right now seems to be the most successful. we're up in times propagating plants in containers to be put out onto degraded wildland to help with

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