"Now with me to help answer the questions that you're sending us from the University of York behavioral scientists. She works on insects. Eleanor drink water. What have you been up to you telling elements yes. I'm very keen beekeeper and I made the mistake of not zipping up my the other day and and I can tell you that that that was bitterly regretted. The next day is very much a mark of pride among beekeepers but you're not appropriate beekeeper until you've at least one and flexes yeah. That's a bad thing when that happens but if you work with do occasionally gets stung how's it. How's it going the beekeeping fund. We've haven't absolutely lovely queen in one of heights at the moment. The other one's a bit more grumpy so they're a bit more of a it's true what my brother keeps. He says the same thing he said as the Queen's get older odor and also certain colonies just have a particularly aggressive behavior exactly something to do with the Queen's squirting out ramones that keeps everyone calm as the Queen Ages. She makes less all of them. Yes exactly that's that's. That's exactly it in the end the character of the Queen or you know the chemicals that Sheikh producers has a really big impact on on the behavior of all the other bees in the colony so so yeah so if you have a really nasty queen than you can swap out for really friendly Queen and some of the hive becomes a lot more friendly to work with credible. Yes some no. It was much opening unfortunately but yes definitely enough to be getting on with you so any questions you have about insects. Perhaps even bees stings beekeeping. Ask Ask Elinor. Dan Gordon's also with US dance and exercise physiologist is Anglia Ruskin University. He's also a Paralympian and it's going to world record and there was a lot of coverage in recent weeks about athletes using sports drinks and not been terribly good for their dental health. Yes about I think about ten days ago quite solarge raging study that was looking at elite athletes and they reported the dental health and elite athletes was was far far worse than the general population of Oh. The paper didn't fully attributed it to they wanted to make conclusions was they thought it was down to the con- sports drinks that are consumed which mostly these high carbohydrates looked sugar. How's your dentition during you got away with it. I think what an advocate in sports the practitioners do then just because you don't have energy to do the events no and I think in the end what they're really getting exposes has got to be greater scrutiny of the health of the teeth and the athletes when competing one of the things we have to do before we went to the Paralympics. We every athlete have dental check which sounds crazy things the limbic games actually you wouldn't think that teeth of that important but actually the worst thing you can have an. Olympic Games is fake and so one of the things that's really really being advocated. Now is that part of the Athlete Support Program Part of lifestyle management should be to actually monitor the health of the of the teeth warning people there. Is this risk they'll. They'll probably take more. Oh care about washing their mouth outs to get rid of that. I think yeah more used to math clean teeth more regularly for example as part of the training routine not so any questions about exercise exercise physiology how the body works sports and sports fitness. Danny man now next to Dan is friend. Let's see what did the wonderful. Fran is Cambridge University physicist. She is an astrophysicist cosmologists interested in how the universe at large works but you're a stand up. Comedian allows guys right. I'm GonNa do the horrible thing because then tell us a joke I won't do that going. It's going pretty well. I'm in writing a new show at the moment by kind of the philosophy of science and what we're doing when we're doing science so that has been a bit of a step back from the day to day if my research are you poking fun at it or you kind of making light of what life is a scientist and researcher is like is that I'm poking fun at but also I think a serious a serious element over and I hope people will come away knowing a bit more by you know I've been told I'm participating in the scientific typic- methods that I never really examined what that meant until now you're gonNA find out you're also saying to me just before we started about the story that came out earlier this year the first picture of a black hole or rather the first impression of of a black hole and that's going to be made into a movie rather than just a bunch started pictures. Now you're saying yeah that's right so you might remember the event. Horizon Telescope a few months ago published the first image of a black hole or more pedantically the shadow of a black hole support and then I can do a full color movie of the black hole which is going to be really incredible both in terms of what it will teach us about astrophysics in general relativity and also just just super cool you can just you'll be able to watch your black hole on youtube or you could just watch SANTELLI programs which amount to much of the same no content visible whatsoever. Thank you very much so anything to do with how the universe works and space anything that please send those questions in from be happy to consider those also with this bobby seagull who needs relief introduction. He's originally for comb -versities. Mathematician and teaches maths taught teach kismet and actually doing teddy program their movement have new going around the country looking at inventions and things going for those who made a reminder minded is the universe challenge icon the icon of icons. I'm his friend were. You're pretty you're pretty optimistic as well thank you that's very good areas and outgoing outgoing but we had a first series initially looking at a genius guy to Britain's traveling around minicar imagine like top gear meets. Qa but sort of exploring all the curious bits of Britain and the new series is called a genius guy to the age of Invention Sarah can I get back in on minicar go around the UK but this time it's quite chronological so looking from seventeen fifty thousand nine hundred and exploring Britain's discoveries and inventions in that period. Why did you pick that period because it's particularly golden period. There was some of the reason I I think it's the golden nature that period because if you look before that is sort of Britain still pre enlightenment before industrial times and then in that period of seventeen fifty nine hundred lots lots of invention discovers chemistry's discovered physics signed the word sign scientist comes into being Darwin Thompson so lots of great figures of science emerge any particularly stand out moment because there was are when you making telly programs they're always funny things that we never see on screen or or other things that are just well moments that you never thought you'd find yourself doing so so what am I stand up moments as she isn't a stand up moment for me but is a silent moment for the show so we visit the cabinet Cambridge and we get to hold one of the original cathode ray tubes at J J Thomson used. I was too much of a chicken to hold it. No I think it's like someone else's baby you can look at. I admire it but if you want to hold it no no no. I'M NOT GONNA hold the baby the big quite tempting to hold it and they go oops because the same thing sort of happened to me because because when I was in South Africa when I first went to South Africa when I was at a conference in this big American guy came up to me at the conference and he said tomorrow going to pick you up from your hotel and I'm going to take you somewhere and show you something something GonNa Change Your Life forever now. Of course you never met this guy you think I can arrange things and actually he took me to the University of the voters rand in Johannesburg where he's professor of Paleoanthropology. This is Lieber. Who's now been on this program. A number of times in this discovered not one not two but three new species of early human ancestor and he had in this wooden box the university the face the complete facial skeleton of the Taung Child which is the specimen which is the australopithecus holy type in other words all all of the Australia with specimens that we have early human ancestors maybe three million years ago so they're all compared to this one which was discovered by Raymond Dart at about one hundred years ago now and it's really fabulous. They've even got the endo cost the fossil remnant of the brain of this thing and I was holding this in my hands is three million years. Old is the only only one in existence and am I did get tempted to go whoops but Lee was very very cordiality hands undermine all the time. 'cause you think how this is just prices but I know exactly what you mean now for your home. If you guys in the studio we've got a little guess who that we run through these sorts of programs we give you a sequence of clues across the show and as the show unfolds unfolds we give you more of them and the first one. I've got here. It's it's an animal. Give you that much but can you work out. What makes this particular sound okay. That was the sound it makes any clues. you want to hear the other very fussy this lot. They won't hear it again. Okay anyone got any ideas seagull. It's not a bobby seagull. No okay more clues coming up eleanor. Let's kick off with this one view from Marianna. What which is the most intelligent insect do not base because maybe they well okay so I have been asked this before and this is always a really hard question because I am incredibly and I believe that all insects are incredibly intelligent in all sorts of different ways and we haven't even begun to scratch the surface of what insects can do it could be the case that we haven't even discovered the cleverest insect but if I was to choose one based on research about an individual it'll who's pretty clever. It might have to be the bees. I'm afraid some really cool research has shown that bees can tell apart the difference between different painting style so if you showed them a monet and Picasso you can get them to learn the differences and then be able to generalize to other paintings and also prefer. I don't know maybe that'd I'll be a follow up paper. I hope it would also they can tell the difference between people's faces and they can remember a face for two days which is incredible. There was also study that the the researchers at Queen Mary Invest of London published a couple years ago where they showed be another be rolling a ball into a goal and the be that was watching then how to get the B The ball into the into the goal and got a treat yeah it was social learning and more than that they they did a follow on from that which was even more cool so trained on one particular ball and they had other balls in the area which they blew down while they were learning but then in the in the second round they unglued the balls goals and the B. would learn the concept and then would apply it to closeable so then they would perform the same action but on a separate they weren't just learning out this ball goes in in in the hall they they could like generalize which is incredible if you think about it and what else could have favorite insect in the studio. Everyone should the CICADA. I know why you're going to come on prime number years. Don't every thirteen or seventeen years. Carter has emerged don't they they do to minimize the chances of their mating year. Coinciding with predators credited exactly that on a Friday afternoon these cicadas smarter than mice from Friday to look. Maybe even smart in nature eh provocative for Dan favorite insect realize possibly the butterfly just purely because I just love the whole process from Chrysalis the butterfly but actually just the sheer variety of butterflies just it's just mind boggling liotta amazing feats of navigation butterflies and monarch butterflies example all the way from Canada down to New Mexico geico kind of thousands of miles"