Listen: Saint Marcellus's Flood - January 16, 1362
"Welcome back I'm your host eaves and you're tuned into this day in history class a show that takes history and squeezes it into bite size stories. Today is January sixteenth. Twenty twenty you. The day was January sixteenth thirteen sixty to a massive southwesterly early Atlantic gale known as Saint Marcellus flood or the growth among Daca hit the British isles the Netherlands northern Germany and Denmark work it resulted in at least twenty six thousand deaths. The event is also known as the second Saint Marcellus flood since a similar disaster. Astor happened on January sixteenth in twelve nineteen Saint Marcellus is flood took place during. What some Matala Gist? Now call the little ice age. This period wasn't an actual ice age. The term coined by geologist F e Matt refers to a climate interval after the medieval warm period did when mean annual temperatures declined and the weather was unstable though climatologists and historians disagree on the exact span of the period and by many definitions. The so called Little Ice Age lasted from the fourteenth century. To the mid nineteenth century around the twelfth century a series as of large storm surges started occurring in the North Sea. By this time though Europeans were already familiar with storm surges caused by the Gills of extra tropical cyclones. An extra tropical cyclone is one that forms in the middle or high latitudes. These cyclones are driven by temperature. Sir Contrast in the atmosphere where two air masses meet and create a front though tropical cyclones create higher storm surges and get a lot of attention an extra tropical cyclone cover larger geographical areas. These storms led to the loss valuable land enforced communities to relocate. Europeans could not predict when the next flood would happen but they did build coastal defenses to protect against big storms and reclaimed land from the sea using innovative techniques. The low countries including the Netherlands western Germany Denmark Belgium northern France were particularly vulnerable able to storm surges and destruction. The first Saint Marcellus Floyd occurred in twelve nineteen drowned an estimated. Thirty six thousand people mostly mostly in West friesland and Groningen which are now locations in the Netherlands in twelve eighty seven. St Lucia flood killed more than fifty thousand people in the Netherlands in northern Germany. This storm over the North Sea destroyed sand dunes and natural clay barriers that separated a lake in the north west of the Netherlands. Orlands from the sea that turned the lake into a bay that became known as the designer say or southern fee villages were wiped out in Harlington. A town that was landlocked became a seaport. England was also affected by the storm. Surge the second Saint Marcellus flood was also devastating it. It hit large parts of North Western Europe. On January sixteenth thirteen sixty to a southwesterly Atlantic gale swept across the British isles. The Netherlands orlands northern Germany and Denmark high tides combined with the storm to flood large parts of the low countries. Wrong whole report. On the island of Strand in the Duchy of slippy reportedly completely stuck into the C- The city attained a sort of mythical status with debate later rising being over whether it ever even existed the port of Ravens is in England was largely wiped out the storm further open designers aid to the sea eighty and around sixty parishes in Denmark were reportedly destroyed. The storm changed the shape of the Danish German and Dutch coastlines. The death toll of the flood has been estimated at at least twenty five thousand people up to one hundred thousand though. The exact number is disputed. January sixteenth is the"