Last 30 years have seen major progress in fight against corruption

UN News
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The UN is committed to fighting corruption a phenomenon that affects all countries in one way or another through the work of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime. The United Nations Convention Against Corruption is the only legally binding universal anti corruption instrument and a unique tool tool for developing a comprehensive response to what is a global problem. The vast majority of United Nations member states are parties to the convention ahead of a conference in Abu Dhabi to discuss issues relating to the convention. Joan Brenda Lino Director of the Division of Treaty Affairs for the UN Office on Drugs and Crime Spoke Selena Schneier from Your News and told her that he's encouraged by the way that thinking about corruption has evolved. I think we have to have a long term view of fighting corruption. And if you take that long term view you actually find that we've come quite a ways for example in the last thirty years thirty years ago. Oh when I was dealing with corruption issues around the world in my job I often we find people that would say well. Corruption is good in some forms because it helps move for example business forward or or this is our culture. This is the way we do things you can come in and change it from outside. There were no at at that time. Bribes were tax deductible. At that time there were no instruments. International instruments related to corruption. People often didn't WanNA talk about it. Member states during in During meetings now thirty years later it's a completely different environment. We bribes or not now tax deductible in fact people have committed around the world to to ensure they're not We have no one would dare say no member state. No more dare say that corruption is good in any form and anytime everybody recognizes the need need to deal with it and the need to deal with it together as a group around the world And and we've made some strides in and how to deal with corruption so we found different types of methods in ways that we think can be useful both preventive and also allow enforcement area and international cooperation and asset recovery recovery of dealing with corruption. We've actually made quite great strides and I think some sometimes you hear a lot about corruption but part of that of hearing so much about it is that eh because it's becoming more public people talking about it more so it seems like there's more out there but it's probably just because I think it's being exposed more And I thank the convention the UN conventions corruption is quite played quite a role in this development and in getting people to really Focus on corruption and collectively say that we have to deal with this issue globally. Can you save your words about this. Initiative which concerns the countries participating in the Silk Road wrote project around the world. There are lots of anti corruption. Initiatives groups of member states individual member states are pursuing and of course China. Ah has been a country that has been very active around the world with their so quote initiative and I think in the context of the Silk Road Initiative they're looking for for an anti-corruption aspect to it. And I for us you know it fits in with what we're doing. Generally early with countries to help them on a regional basis on a on a country to country basis on a global basis to to. How do we bring them together to to increase the flow of information and in the international cooperation needed to deal with corruption which is often Particularly with money moves from one country and other I it's transnational is national crime international issue that needs to be you need multiple countries addressing it so China has been very active. Ah also seeking to use this four and other For where people come together to talk about corruption and improve their their methods. You you know to to ensure that that that we that they also Get the benefits of these efforts in there so initiative and so they have you know for example. They've asked us to to to to help. Work with with countries that are involved in the Silk Roads. The so-called Work and try to bring them together at the network better to shoot devout to be able to to work together internationally And share information better so so we as we would with any countries in any initiatives that can help better the cooperation corruption generally. We're more than happy to help any good examples. Examples of successfully fighting corruption. Well there are always examples of people making progress in that regard and and I. I don't want to talk about specific countries but let's say for example. I'll give you an example. We have a review mechanism organism the UN Convention Against Corruption has as as a process where member states peer review each other. And they see how they're doing how they're anti-corruption regimes James how they can be made better And it looks very comprehensively things such as are they regulating properly. Do they have the codes of conduct do they. Do they have the right. Auditing thanks skills. Do they have the right law enforcement abilities and capabilities do they. Have you know laws and legislation in place The ability to deal uh-huh with asset recovery going after assets seizing the confiscating managing returning. And what's interesting. What we see is under these reviews so many countries are interested in eager to make changes that improve their ability to deal with corruption and therefore reduce corruption? And we're seeing it happen. I mean we have for example. Ninety percent of all countries that have participated in the reviews close to ninety percent have have made legislative changes. Does that are that are better their ability to deal with corruption. We have a third of them have said that they've made their there have been changed. And we've seen that improve international cooperation the flow of information and things of that nature. I think you know probably about two thirds of them. have made strides in preventing an in certain areas of preventing corruption that have led to Tiki corruption. I think in for example the Nigeria survey that I talked about before which was actually being released today in Nigeria You know we see. For example. There have been efforts made with the police. That have you know. Cut Cut The incidences of corruption the police down by by almost Twenty percent but but again still at a high level and still a lot to do but we were see that there are efforts being made that are are making making Headway so so yes. I think we are making progress in a number of countries. I think I I think there's a lot to do and of course because it's such a critical issue and because it's connected to so much of what we're doing so much of our goals international including including the sustainable development goals continue to be high on the agenda I think increasingly higher on the agenda of the international

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