The Grand Canyon

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Have you ever heard of the Grand Canyon. The Grand Canyon is the Whitest Canyon in the world and located in Arizona which also happens to be my home state. It's also considered one of the seven natural wonders of the world. The Grand Canyon is two hundred seventy seven miles long up to eighteen miles wide in over six thousand feet deep in places. It's very colorful a combination of reds browns whites and many other colors because each of the different layers or strata were formed at different times during the Earth's history. The Earth is very very old so the Grand Canyon is made up of different rocks from its two billion year old history early on the Grand Canyon was actually a mountain which overtime sunk down until it was flat. Then is the earth shifted. It became a canyon and over a very long period was even underwater. Eventually a river started flowing through the Canyon which is now known as the Colorado River. The water in the river was full of rocks. So over. Millions of years the river acted like sandpaper. Shaving down the canyon this is called erosion today. When you look at the Grand Canyon you can see the different layers in it similar to a layered cake. Some of the layers are white. Limestone other layers are filled with shells from was underwater and the upper layers are dark and reformed by a volcano after the Grand Canyon was formed into what it looks like today around three thousand years ago native people who now call the ancestral publians live near the Grand Canyon. They built homes out of stone and farmed corn squash and beans. They made carvings and paintings on Canyon walls which is one way we know they live there. Another group who lived there were called the co Nina for the ancestors of the modern Yuma Havasu Pie and who a lot by people who still live around the Grand Canyon. The native people call the Grand Canyon. Cab which means mountain on its side. The ancient people believed the Grand Canyon was a holy place and often visited for miles around to experience. It's wonder after Europeans discovered the new World Francisco Vasquez Coronado and a group of Spanish explorers were in the area. Searching for the fabled seven cities of Cipolla in fifteen forty Coronado ordered captain Garcia Lopez de Cardenas and. His soldiers to explore the area they and their Hopi native guides where the first European to see the wonders of the Grand Canyon. They were amazed at its size and fastness. Two hundred years passed until another European visited the canyon in seventeen seventy six to Spanish priests Francisco Dominguez and Sylvester de Escalate into explored southern Utah and the North Rim of the Grand Canyon and the eighteen fifties. They were followed. By Jacob Hamlin a Mormon explorer sent by Brigham Young to find a way to cross the river. They made friends with the WHO a lot by tribe and found the crossing discovered by the Spanish priests which later became Lee's ferry. A theory is a place where a flat boat helps wagons and people cross the river then in eighteen sixty nine major John. Wesley Powell led the first expedition down into the Canyon. He had set out to explore the Colorado River and the Canyon. They wrote down the river on a boat and survived the dangerous rapids and finally ended up in what is now known as MOAB UTAH. John Wesley Powell later became famous for the founding of the Boy Scouts of America. In one thousand nine hundred three. President Theodore Roosevelt visited the Grand Canyon and marveled at its beauty. Teddy Roosevelt was known for his love of nature and spent much of his time outdoors in the Grand Canyon. He did everything he could to help. Preserve its natural. Wonder he worked to make it a national monument and believe places like the Grand Canyon should be preserved so people all over the world can enjoy it. All Roosevelt was president. He formed the National Parks Association to help. Save places like the Grand Canyon today. The Grand Canyon is one of the most famous places to visit in the world with about five million visitors every year. Who come from all over to see and explore it. Most people just come to look out over the vast canyon. I've been there a few times with my family. It's about a four hour. Drive from US where we live near Phoenix Arizona. The last time I went we brought our foreign kids who also looked out over it in awe. We had to hold them close to us because the canyon is a very steep drop below which made us very nervous. When I was in high school our family and a group of other families hiked down into the part of the canyon known as Havasu Pie. We drove there early in the morning and had all of our camping gear and food loaded onto the back of mules. Then we hiked about four hours down into the Canyon at the bottom of the trail. The huge picturesque Havasu falls. You can swim at the falls. Jump off cliffs and hike further into see and swim in the waterfalls. Our trip was very fun but took a turn for the worse when one of the days I slept on Iraq and twisted my ankle pretty bad the next day we were supposed to hike out so my close friend. I got up early and started hiking. I live most of the way. Even up the steep switch-backs. It was a rough hike out but the waterfalls and swimming holes made it worth it anyway along with hiking people take helicopter tours over the Grand Canyon love to raft the Wild Colorado River. They also take horseback tours down into the Canyon. And it's very popular. Hike it from Rim Durham. By sisters in their friends. Do this recently. Another main attraction is the Grand Canyon. Skywalk which lets you walk on a glass bottom path out over the canyon so you can look at the drop far

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