A highlight from Germany after Merkel

Rear Vision
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This is an abc podcast. Hello i'm carey phillips and this is rio vision. That's the crowd at a campaign rally for almond lash at one of the politicians hoping to succeed. Angola miracle as germany's next chancellor lash is the candidate for her party. The christian democrats the cd you today. Sunday the twenty. Sixth of september germans will vote to elect a new bundestag or federal parliament after sixteen years as the leader of europe's largest economy. Angela merkel will step down as germany's chancellor. This alone is enough to make this election worth watching but polls have shown an unusual volatility support for the two big parties has been in long term decline and this election has been described as the most open and uncertain. Germany has ever had in this revision. We look at the political landscape in germany beginning with the last election in two thousand seventeen when angela merckel won a fourth term in office although have party the cd you got the most votes. The big news story in that election that the f. d. alternative for germany. The far right party won seats in the bundestag. For the first time on if i had played Professor for political science at the university of a mock tabuk the last elections and two thousand seventeen were still very much influenced by the events of two thousand fifteen that is the arrival of great amounts of refugees to europe and that topic really dominated still the inactions unin particular role uncle medical plate in. Not because she famously took a picture with a refugee which was then echoed as As an invitation for refugees to come to germany germany on this in part explains that the right wing party the alternative for germany which was founded in opposition to the common currency in europe the euro and moved to the right and help them to significant electoral success in that election. Second thing across europe and across the western world you could say the traditional big parties have come on distress. We see across the western world that the old traditional political division between left and right. It's not the only important division on that. We have a set big cleavage. Which you see in the us. Everywhere between so-called globalization winners and losers the effects have been detrimental to political systems across europe. Not so much yet in germany but in two thousand seventeen years so the effects coming in and in the past before those elections was always one of the big parties the social democrats the pd or the christian conservative party that formed a government plus wants more party and those times are over. All german government's coalitions. Germany uses a system of proportional representation. And no party will get enough votes to govern by itself in two thousand seventeen merkel's party. The christian democrats formed a government with the social democrats a so called grand coalition. It would be like the liberal party and the labor party forming a government here here. It would be unthinkable. It wasn't the first grand coalition formed by the two major parties under merckel but how effective was it. Well by and large it has been more of the same so the grand coalition continued has been a coalition of center-left. Send the right party. So they could actually agree on a lot of policies but there wasn't any any radical change. I'm coyotes i'm on. I'm a professor of political science at university of minds germany. So for instance efforts to curb climate change to introduce stricter regulation that would lead to more renewable energy that would actually lead to germany meeting. Its emission targets that was washed down because the two parties could not agree on really strict measures right until the end of parliament at the end of parliament. They were forced by accord ruling to introduce more serious measures spot for four years. They couldn't agree on much and in many other areas of public policy. The story was one of administration basic clay of continuing what the grand coalition before them had done so. It wasn't exactly disruptive as far as the far-right party alternative. For jimmy's concern day became strongest opposition party in parliament. That that does not imply any any special privilege so they were just one of four opposition parties. Internal day attacked. The government of course added his throw of no position party. The at the end of the day it was not a particularly effective kind of opposition. And that is because they tied each and every politic question to immigration for them. It's always about immigration. Also about the european union but by and large. I wouldn't say that. They were specially effective in a position because at the end of the day there was a competition between four parties that were almost equally strong in parliament. Six parties are likely to win seats in the bundestag in this election. Seven if you count the christian social union the c as you. The smaller bavarian partner of the christian democrats there was actually missy tussle between the leaders of these two conservative allies of a. Who would be the cd you chancellor candidate and bavaria. For federal elections. We have the talent on your on the christian social union competing and we have an interesting situation there. It was always secured that the various party gains enough votes to be present in the bundestag on the federal level. At the moment. The pulse are not so sure about that so it might be that that smaller party that is always acting in union with the bigger christian democratic party on the federal level. Might not make it into the bundestag and that never existed. That would mean. The bavarian votes would be lost significant weakening for the conservative union. The christian democratic union is led by. Amin lush it. And what is overshadowing. This electoral campaign was very competitive. Rivalry between the head of the big christian democratic union and the bavarian leadership duda.

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