Dolly, Ray Paul Klee, Andre Brittan discussed on Miss Information: A Trivia Podcast
But after a while after nineteen seventeen he just said you know. This isn't working. I'm just GONNA paint in a classical style and then continued to paint in a classical style for the rest of his life. But what's interesting about it because we have a classical piece? S I think nine hundred twenty nine or something like that because he left the surrealist group in nineteen twenty eight and painted exclusively classical art style until he died But we have a classical like classical piece. That's just it's a still life of fruit with on a table with a like a city street background and like A drapery in the corner and while it's definitely classical style you can still see his weird like metaphysical stuff like. They're still really a lot of weird shadows and the orange look like they're kind of floating. They're not they don't seem to have any to them. So it's kind of funny because he was like surrealism. His Dad metaphysical artists dead. I'm painting classical style. But he's still couldn't ever like get away from it in any real way so it's cool He was also a writer. Who had a novel called Hebdo Morose? It presented a series of dreamscapes with an unusual use of punctuation syntax and grammar designed to create an atmosphere in frame. It's midges it. Sounds impossible to raise He also included Set Designs for the Belarus's and would create a decorative form of surrealism and he was probably the main influence for both Dolly and MMA. Greet okay before he gave it all up So in one thousand nine hundred eighty four Joan Miro Andrea Masan applied surrealism specifically to painting. So the first surrealist exhibition which was called Lapine Torso released or the lowest painters was held in Paris in nineteen twenty five and it displayed works by man. Ray Paul Klee. Miro and others and the show confirmed that surrealism had a component in the visual arts and techniques from Dada. Such as photomontage. Were you so? That's just you know you take a picture like photographs and Newspapers and you would cut them up. And it'll be a photo montage. The following year on March two thousand six hundred twenty six gallery so released opened with an exhibition by man Ray and Brittan published surrealism painting in Nineteen Twenty eight which summarize the movement to that point. Though he continued to update the work until the nineteen sixties So surrealism as a political force developed kind of unevenly around the world In some places more emphasis was on artistic practices and others on political and in other places. Still surrealist practice look to supersede both the arts and politics so they were like it's above it it's floating above us like as a missed so during the nineteen thirties. The surrealist ideas spread from Europe to North America South America Central America the Caribbean and throughout Asia as both in artistic idea and as an ideology of political change Politically surrealism was Trotskyist. Communist or anarchist. The split from data had been characterized as split between anarchists and communists with the surrealists as communists. So as I mentioned before like surrealists were more about the data. Were just like shut it all down. Sh fucking it up It should be mentioned though. That Salvador Dali supported capitalism the fascist dictatorship of Francisco Franco but cannot be said to represent a trend in surrealism. In that respect as you can imagine In fact he was considered by Bretagne and his associates to have betrayed and left surrealism. Also anti-colonial Revolutionary Writers in the negritude movement of Martinique. Which was a French colony at the time took up surrealism as a revolutionary method and a critique of European culture and a radical subjective. So it was interesting that there were groups that work using surrealism as kind of As the fuel to create political fire. Interesting This linked with other surrealists and was very important for the subsequent development of surrealism as a revolutionary practice and in one thousand nine hundred eight. Andre Brittan traveled with his wife. The painter Jacqueline Lamba to Mexico to meet Trotsky because he was staying sure as the guest of Diego Rivera's former wife Guadalupe Miranda and there. He met Frida Kahlo and saw her paintings for the first time and Brittan declared Kalo to be an innate surrealist painter so thanks so throughout the nineteen thirties surrealism continued to be more visible to the public at large it was huge in the thirty S. Like Dalian mcgary created the most widely recognized images of the Movement. Dolly joined the group in Nineteen Twenty nine and he participated in the rapid establishment of the visual style between nineteen thirty and nineteen thirty five Surrealism as a visual movement had found a method to expose psychological truth stripping ordinary objects of their normal significance to create a compelling image that was beyond ordinary formal organization in order to evoke empathy from the viewer Elsa Schiaparelli who I mentioned in my fashion episode. That's very she was episodes six. Yeah it's very early She was up considered a surrealist fashion designer. Okay Yeah and she collaborated with Dolly on the lobster. Dress that she had created so she was definitely like she was mainstream. I mean this is in the thirties for sure. So it wasn't like too weird but it was definitely surrealist. That was her. Jeff worked under that philosophy so nineteen thirty. One was a year where several surrealist painters produced works which mark turning points in their stylistic evolution so McGrath's Voice of space is an example of this process Where three large spheres representing bells hang above a landscape In another surrealist landscape from this year as East Tangiers Promontory Palace with this molten forms and liquid shapes Liquid Shapes became the trademark of Dali particularly in his persistence of memory which features the image of watches that SAG as if they were melting us. Tank we had has kind of a like a weird almost eighty s kind of reminds me like the the surface is very slick like Dolly is very small brushstrokes. That looks like it's created by a computer basically like very smooth and Tangy creates these long spindly legs. And then there's like these weird figures that aren't really humanoid or animal or anything but their three dimensional looking in have like a like a wet glistening quality to them that looks liquid so it looks like he took like droplets of water or paint or whatever and like painted them in three dimensions onto a bare landscape. It looks like a salt. Flat usually are like a desert. Wow they're very weird. I'm I mean I I like Dolly I think TANGY HAS MORE OF A. I don't know it has more of an interest to it like Dolly can. Sometimes you look at art near like all right. I got it like he's being like look at me. Look at a weird. This is and it's a little too like overly thought out and McGraw has kind of a weird Meritas cool because his later stuff especially when he was really like like settling into the surrealist stuff. is very thoughtful and beautiful and kind of weirdly. Sad like it's We went to the Agreed Museum in Brussels and they had a lot of his stuff and he was very prolific. He did a lot of drawing and printing as well as painting but Yeah his stuff is very. I don't know it has a a weird sadness to it. That is interesting that I'm not one hundred percent. Sure how that fits in but So the characteristics of the style surrealism. A combination of the depicted. The abstract the psychological came to stand for the Alien Nation which many people felt in the modern period combined with a sense of reaching more deeply into the psyche to be made whole with one's individuality. So they've got like modern society was pulling them away from being kind of primitive and so they wanted to get back to that like primitive quality so long after personal political and professional tensions fragmented the surrealist group agreed and Dolly continued to divine official program in the arts. This program reached beyond painting to encompass photography as well as can be seen from a man. Ray self-portrait who's Yousef Assam blush influenced Robert Rauschenberg collage boxes. So here's an example of like at peak surrealism. This is what an exhibition would look like. So Nine. Hundred thirty eight there was a new exposition. the international surrealist exposition at the Beaux Arts Gallery in Paris. With more than sixty artists from different countries and showed around three hundred paintings objects collages photographs and installations and the surrealists wanted to create an exhibition which in itself would be a creative act and so they called on Marcel Duchamp. Wolfgang Palin Man Ray and others to do so. So at the exhibitions entrance sell vidor Dolly placed. His rainy taxi okay. So rainy taxi wasn't old taxi. Rigged to produce a steady drizzle of water down the inside of the windows and a shark headed creature. In the driver's seat and a blonde mannequin crawling with live snails in the back. So this greeted the patrons okay. So everyone's in like full evening dress. They walk up. Here's rainy taxi. So stay also filled one side of the lobby with mannequins dressed. Barbaria surrealists K. So and also Palin deschamp designed the main hall to seem like a cave with twelve hundred coal bags suspended from the ceiling over a coal brazier with a single lightbulb. Which provided the only lighting as well as the floor covered with Like wet leaves and mud so getting into. I mean you'd think they would but who knows so. They're all in evening dress their like walking on mud and sticks and there's coal bags hanging in their faces and they were given flashlights with which to view the art and on the floor. Wolfgang Palin created a small with grasses and the aroma of roasting coffee in the air. So it was supposed to be like a multi sensory surrealist experience and of course much to the surrealists satisfaction the exhibition scandalised viewers. People were horrified. And they were like yes. We did it. They did it then. Yeah they hated it so then World War. Two shows up so World War Two graded not only general havoc for the population but of Europe but especially for the European artists and writers that opposed fascism and Nazism many important artists fled to North American relative safety in the United States. So the art community in New York City in particular was already grappling with surrealist ideas and several artists like arshile. Gorky Jackson pollock Robert Motherwell converged closely with the surrealist artists themselves albeit with some suspicion and reservations ideas concerning the unconscious and dream. Imagery were quickly embraced by the second world. War The taste of the American avant-garde Garden New York City swung decisively toward abstract expressionism with the sport of key taste makers including Peggy Guggenheim. Leo Steinberg and Clement Greenberg. However abstract expressionism itself grew directly out of the meeting of American artists with European surrealists self exile during World War Two. So it's kind of a natural progression of these artists coming over to New York and meeting up with New York artists where the surrealism kind of naturally went into abstract expressionism. Which is this idea of creating movement and expression through Abstract art so a perfect example of this is Jackson pollock so his his our work is about movement and not making decisions on where to put the art and just like literally like langer canvas on the floor and like throwing paint onto the canvas and trying to express this idea of speed and intense movement through a static two dimensional object so abstract expression became like the hottest of hot things So the early work. Many abstract expressionists Reveal the bond between aspects of both movements and the emergence of aspects of data is humor in such artists as Rauschenberg Which sheds even starker light on this kind of connection between these two and up until the emergence of pop art surrealism can be seen to have been the single most important influence on the sudden growth in American arts and even in pop art. Some of the humor manifested in surrealism can be found often. Turn to a cultural criticism. So all of these. I mean that's the thing about a lot of art movements is that they just kind of like do from one to the other and so things just kind of like emerge as they come so pop. Art Definitely has like very clear ties to surrealism abstract expressionism of course and so and it continues today. Right like these kinds of things like post. Modern thing is all built off of surrealism which was built off of data which was built off. You know like all of the stuff. Also many significant literary movements in the later half of the twentieth century were directly or indirectly influenced by surrealism known as the Post Modern Era Though there's no widely agreed on central definition of postmodernism many themes and techniques commonly identified as postmodern are nearly identical surrealism and Miami Writers From and associated with the beat generation were influenced greatly by surrealists. Such as William S burroughs Allen. Ginsberg Bob Kaufman. Carl Solomon and Gregory Corso So yeah the beat generation was definitely like influenced by the surrealists..