Gore, India, British Raj discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

Automatic TRANSCRIPT

But then unfortunately something really bad happened on April thirteenth. Nineteen nineteen in th- czar which was located in the state of Punjab in India. British soldiers fired on an unarmed gathering of men women and children who had come into the city to partake in a traditional Sikh festival. There was a peaceful nationalist demonstration. Going on that day but many of the people who who were around who are involved in the shooting. They weren't even really part of the demonstration. Exactly they were completely kind of innocent of whatever was going on so a lot of lives were lost and we don't know exactly how many a lot of sources you look at and I think the official number reported by the British Raj was three hundred seventy nine but some people say that could have been as many as a thousand or more well and then the accounts of it in the British press were Especially disturbing you know. They were treating it as though it had been a riot and the people who were killed had gotten themselves into trouble essentially and people just had a very unfortunate reaction to to the whole thing that went down. Yeah it was weird. It was a big cover up For obvious reasons. They didn't want people to know that this had gone down the way had because there was basically no reason for these people being killed so they had to spin it they had to spin it and But then there were marines. Of course of what had really happened throughout India and took were caught wind of this and he was pretty disgusted by the entire situation. It kind of changed his outlook and it definitely changed the way he felt about being British night so he wrote a letter to Lord Chelmsford. Who was the viceroy of India time and renounced his knighthood and if you read his letter it's interesting because it is so formal so polite it's very written and very precise English but I don't know he's clearly very deeply disturbed by what's happened and can't reconcile being a night with supporting the definitely. We have a little excerpt from the letter just to give you an idea of how insensitive was by the situation. He says the very least I can do for my country to take all consequences upon myself in giving voice to the protest of millions of my countrymen surprised into dumb anguish of tear the time has come when badges of honour make our shame glaring in their incongruous context of humiliation. And I for my part wish to stand. Shorn of all special distinctions by the side of those of my countrymen who for their so called insignificance are liable to suffer degradation not fit for human beings so this was the end of this quote. Total cooperation with the British in it changed people's opinions of him to He wasn't the same guy anymore and I mean we can talk about that. Maybe I in a literary sense with the eighth. 'cause I people have suggested that this is part of the reason why gates opinion of Takur soured according to on a gentleman car to Gore's resigning his knighthood just didn't match up correctly with the idea. Yates had of him as this serene mystic from the East who certainly wouldn't get involved in politics certainly wouldn't do anything as bold as renounced his knighthood It it just didn't match up with Yates's to Gore and of course I mean we can assume there's some other reasons in here. Yates really didn't like to Gore's translations as we mentioned earlier He was probably bound to be disappointed in this creation. He had imagined for himself because to Gore did right so much more than just romantic poetry. He wrote essays and plays and prose. I mean we have to assume it. It did play a role. Yeah I mean I think it did but I think at the same time there had to be more to it. I mean they knew each other so he must have known that there was more Gore than just romantic literature and poetry that he wrote He did a lot of political writing a lot of speaking. He was kind of a voice for for the way he had publicly promoted him. Though Yep I guess so. That's true but I guess it was bound to happen since two other things anyway so there was bound to be some kind of falling out between them at some point but it changed. It changed what Yates Thought of to Gore. At least in the you know outwardly and it changed I think what to Gore thought of his own views. A little bit too definitely. He didn't really. He didn't really change his views about the east and west needing each other. He still thought that he still thought he wanted to see Kind of a universal land where where people are cultures would come together and there weren't all these barriers between them but at the same time he I think he was very conflicted about the situation that happened especially because he had English friends and so it made the situation kind of difficult for them and he tried to express these feelings through his work. After the fact yeah and after this he kept on traveling so he was still out and about in the world very much so He said who visited more than thirty countries on five continents Lecturing and having these extended conversations with people like Einstein on truth and beauty. They have this like amazing debate and music. I mean stuff that you wouldn't even you know think of Einstein talking about but I mean to Gore is is all over the world. He meets Mussolini and it takes them a little while before he starts hearing reports about the fascism that's going on in Italy from some `exiles and Denounces Mussalini. But yeah even then you know. His his tenancy are still Very polite and proper Interesting to read them. Up never loses his smooth talking But so he the going around the world. It's partially to speak because he's asked and to to speak on behalf of the Independence Movement But it's also to earn money for his school he still stumping for his cause which is education and he's still out there trying to keep the school this eccentric school that he started going And later this school in Shaun Tan becomes a university called Vista Bharati University in Nineteen Twenty One And so he has some success with that but it sort of peters out as he Yeah you were talking about it. The support it. What it's like today kind of more of a place where you can learn about him than a university. I think it's more to study his Philosophies and so forth necessarily but it does still exist. Yes you can still visited today. Actually I think that India's recently nominated to be a world hair UNESCO World Heritage site. You've been there. I've been there. I went there when I was fourteen although I can't remember too much unfortunately but I do remember it being very screen and And liking it lot. That's a rule of the PODCAST. You always have to mention the post. It makes everybody think we're we're going all over the world seeing all this stuff. Oh dear not really guys But I don't know even with all of this Traveling around the world and promoting in school and promoting his writings. He kinda kept his distance from the more confrontational side of the nationalist movement. He didn't get super involved in not even after this renouncing his knighthood and all that no. He's still kept his distance He was still part of it through his writings through his talks that he gave And he was still friends with Gandhi. Of course even though he didn't necessarily support a reaction that he did but but he didn't get too too involved and unfortunately he passed away about seven years before indy actually achieved independence in nineteen forty seven. But on the bright side maybe India's national anthem. Jonah Gone Anna is based on one of his song poems and another of his songs. Marshawn are. Bangala is Bangladesh's national anthem. Yeah so that's pretty impressive. Yes Sir I think so. He still gets to be a part of it. It's not easy to forget him at all. Still a big part of the national culture. Every time they sing the national anthem or here. It's about think of him and And Music Art actually an interesting fact about his art. He didn't take painting until he was about seventy years old. Which I think is amazing. So he takes the painting at age seventy yet somehow. He managed to create about two thousand paintings and drawings for he died around. Each eighty was busy though. That's incredible thank you so much for joining us today for this Saturday. Classic if you have heard any kind of email address maybe facebook url during the course of the episode that might be obsolete it might be doubly obsolete.

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