India, Malaria, United States discussed on FoodStuff
Typhoid fever so probably to help the situation, none of those things now. But catch on. They did and the Spanish basically had a monopoly on the proven crops, so they made a mint. Legend. Has It that it was sometimes referred to as bark from the fever tree? I see I see. Yeah, meanwhile throughout the seventeen hundreds, your would go a little bit nuts about sparkling mineral waters I taken from natural springs, and then artificially produced through various carbonation processes. It was a health trend and also physics fun but these healthy sparkling beverages were sometimes called Tonics and Johann Jacob. Yes what that SCHNAPP. founded the first carbonated water manufacturing company in Geneva in seventeen eighty three. Sparkling water aside in eighteen twenty after decades of scientists searching for the compound incident Kona that makes it such an effective medicine. These two French pharmacists by the names of do it for me Anne Pierce, Joseph Pedophilia and Joseph Benami, Kevin Tall. I think. That's all see. That's a lot better than I would have done. the the two of them isolated a clean and set up a factory for its extraction in Paris. And this made it possible to eat slightly less tree bark, while attempting to not get malaria, which share a lot of people were very fond of. Meanwhile as this was happening, the Spanish colonies in south. America were fighting for their independence, and afterward they would attempt to control the lucrative sin Shona Industry by limiting or flat out outlawing the expectation of seeds and cuttings. Plants, but despite the price, all of the conquering empires, including the British were on board with Sin Kona, and Queen and used it to start a radical malaria in Europe throughout the eighteen hundreds, however, malaria was still huge problem in the tropics which is largely where the conquering empires were getting their conquer on because of sugar and other stuff sugar and this all came to a head in British run India during the early eighteen hundreds of people were taking daily doses of cleaning to prevent malaria because it's so bitter, folks were starting to mix it with sparkling water and a little bit of sugar, and thus tonic water was born. which brings us to the GIN and tonic? I it brings us to a word from our sponsor. I. I'm Bertam Date Thurston. I'm a writer, activist and comedian. I wrote a book called how to be blast gave a Ted talk about white people, calling the cops on black people for no good reason and feel like we're having a moment in the US right now. You probably feel as to. When officer Derek, Chev and killed George Floyd something in America broke. Where this moment goes! We can't say yet, but right now. Something big is happening involving race and in particular policing. So I'm going to try to explain it. From, the covid connection to WHO's allowed to protest to what de-fund the police actually means. When. Mitt Romney the man who tried to keep Barack Obama's. That can turn away from. US. Join the black lives matter March. WHEN NASCAR FANS, the confederate flag when Donald Trump of all people encourages cops not to joke people. We're having a moment. You can listen to. We're having a moment on the iheartradio APP apple podcast and wherever you get your podcast. Back! Thank you sponsor. Okay now that we've got a GIN. We've got our tonic. Where did the idea of mixing them come from? Well, it was kind of Mary poppins situation. A spoonful sugar helps the medicine go down. Around Eighteen, twenty five British soldiers in India started adding Jin to their daily required Quinine, tonic water, and also as an added bonus, the British news squeezed in some lime juice to prevent scurvy, and this is the nickname for the produce slimy comes from. Oh, I! Know I should have guessed that a long time ago. I feel very silly now. Okay, that's fine. by the eighteen forty S. the population in India was using in fact within seven hundred tonnes. In Kona per year to fight to fight malaria there, wow. And in eighteen, Fifty, eight, the British, took over governance of India from the British east India. Company following the violent support revolution also called the Indian meet Ni a bunch of other names, too, but those are. Those cover the basis with more British soldiers and their families, in India than ever the demand for tonic water increased, which led to harass bonds creation, the first commercial tonic water that same year, which you can still buy I've never heard of it means, and that led to Schweppes the Indian Queen Tonic in eighteen seventy, and both of these went on to find success outside of India in Britain as well, meanwhile Charles Ledger. Ledger an Englishman who became an pokka farmer in Peru, smuggled Sin Kona seeds out of Peru to his brother. During the eighteen sixties because at the time, it was still illegal to export the trees. Are the seeds break? He actually had a history of smuggling. He also smuggled a pokka out of the country. It was just a smuggler, apparently better at it than Han Solo. He didn't get caught. That's right. How Vergamo, GIN and tonic episode. anyway the British government would not by these these seeds that he that he smuggled out, but the Dutch government would end did and they said at plantations on Java which was one of their colonial outposts. And so by World War One the Dutch pretty much dominated the coining trade, and by the end of the century they controlled ninety five percent of the world's supply. That's quite quite large percentage. This epitaph reads by the way Charles. Ledger he gave coining to the world. And the GMT was also thought to play a role in world. War Two when the Japanese forces took over Java and all those in coconut plantations which equalled most of the world's supply in Nineteen Forty Two oh, according to Amy Stewart's book, the drunk botanist to protect absolutely want to read. The last American plane out of Indonesia had four million crain's seats on board, but to no immediate avail because the trees would take too long to grow to be of any use during the war. But that didn't stop the allies from planting trees in Africa same time putting scientists to developing a synthetic replacement. And both succeeded to this day Africa grows natural coining and the. Synthetic version is used in some prescriptions because it's still used as an anti malarial. And for some other things, but that's different episode. Entirely it is, it is that's pretty much the history of the GIN and tonic. We obviously. As always had to shorten it especially. We didn't talk about how you still thin or can it do that? Future Yeah Yeah, yeah we should. We should definitely do a whole episode about more..