Franz Liszt, Ludwig Von Beethoven Liszt, Vienna discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class
Hello and welcome Wilson and I'm Holly. I have a confession to make holding then with me quite a while. I have always been jealous of Sarah and Dobalina having already covered the rite of spring. Riots on our podcast. A whole story is just so weird they already covered it back in twenty eleven. So I've had my eye out for some other kind of weird musical story to cover as sad consolation prize. This is not a sad consolation prize. This is actually awesome. It is about a musical mass hysteria that is from the mid nineteenth century and that is listed mania. Yeah it's delightful. I mean there's no way around it. I feel kind of sorry for the guy the same time. It's pretty great so before we start as as often happens. I need a little note so today. The word mania definitely has psychological connotations right. It's used to describe this excessively elevated mood or really hyperactive mental state and I can also extend daily physical hyperactivity and other behaviors and usually. It's used this way in the context of like bipolar disorder other mental and emotional. Disorders are definitely folks. He would really prefer. The word mania not be used to describe more generally being really excited or busy but it at the time when the word list. Oh mania was coined. The word mania was really a physical description. It was not a psychological one and so list. Oh Mania was considered to be a frantic and dangerous physiological response to being around Franz Liszt and so when we use the mania in today's Day with that is the context that we are talking about all I can think of is all those shots of the women in the crowd is the Beatles landed in America since very well and to be honest. I saw the Boston symphony the Boston pops specifically do a whole night of the Beatles and it was amazing I was. I was really there and seeing John Hodgman. The what's it called the the introductions orchestra for young people. Oh yeah that yeah. It was hilarious and there was a there was through the whole thing that talked about among other things. Beatlemania this moment. Like if we did a podcast on Beatlemania I can figure out a way to make that feel legitimate so this feels a lot more legitimate and also very fun so to give you a little bit of background and set this up. Franz Liszt was born in Devarajan Hungary which is now rating Austria although it is still referred to as Dorian if you become very in on October twenty second of eighteen eleven and debris on at the time was rather small it was basically a market town and most of the people who live there were both German. Speaking and ethnically Hungarian or Mehtar List was the only child of Adam. List and Anna. Maria Logger list worked as a clerk for Prince Nicholas Esterhazy. Who was a musical patron and lists? Father was also an amateur musician. You could play several different instruments including the cello and the piano. Franz Liszt father had also spent two years in the Franciscan order so Frans grew into a religiously pretty devoted child. Liz already showed a really distinct love of music by the age of six and his father started to give him music lessons. Franz was just enormously talented and he really progressed in his musical study extremely quickly. By the time he was nine he was giving public performances as a concert pianist and after his first performance local bigwigs actually donated money to fund the next several years of his musical education. Soon his prodigious ability outstripped the resources that were available in debris on so lists father asked for an extended of absence from his employer and took Franz to Vienna there. He studied piano with Carl. Czerny who himself had studied with Ludwig von Beethoven Liszt also studied composition with Antonio Salary was much more famous for his relationship with and rivalry with Mozart. Both of these teachers were so impressed with his talent that they refused to be paid for their work with him. Franz his first public performance in Vienna was in eighteen twenty two so he would have been about eleven years old at this time and he was described as quote a little Hercules fallen from the clouds. He started writing his own compositions that same year the next year. Franz met Ludwig von Beethoven for the first time and according to one possibly Apocryphal Account Beethoven Without Charm. But he kissed him on the forehead. Eighteen twenty three was also the year that list moved to Paris. This move was another one that was made so that he could continue his studies with other musical masters and while the Paris Conservatory declined to admit him on the grounds that he was not French. Czech composer Anton Russia and Italian composer. Ferdinando Paer taught him privately. In addition to his studies he put on extensive public performances and he really started to develop quite a following however in eighteen twenty six when he was fifteen years old. Franz's father died suddenly of typhoid is. Father had really been his primary source of support during all of this musical training and performing plus the boy was only fifteen years old. He had not always had good health up until this point. And this whole series of touring studying had been really fatiguing. After his father's death Franz had to share a one bedroom apartment with his mother and grieving and exhausted. He turned to teaching piano to try to make a living. He actually fell in love with one of his students. It's going to set a trend for his later life. When her father forced him to end their relationship he became so ill that newspapers printed obituaries for him afterward. He retreated from public performance for almost four years and he spent most of this time reading and teaching music. He started to compose music again in eighteen. Thirty following the July Revolution in which King Charles? The tenth was overthrown and succeeded by Louis Philippe. In his mother's words quote the canons cured him and afterward he met several more famous names in the musical world. Including Hector Berlioz. Niccolo peg Anini and Frederic Chopin. Liszt met the married COMTESSE Marie Dogu in eighteen thirty three when he was twenty two years old in spite of her being married he fell in love with her and they were to be together for twelve years. They eventually had three children together to avoid the scorn of Parisian society over this affair with a married woman they left and spent the next four years traveling through Europe including Switzerland Italy and other nonferrous parts of France. His travels and his love for her started to inspire him to compose and he wrote a set of suites for Solo. Piano which became the highly praised on Ned. The PILLAR NAUSEA OVER. The next few years lists reputation as a musician grew just dramatically. He gave tours and performances and really made a name for himself is a virtuoso composer and pianist and as well as extremely charismatic and very expressive performer also became known for being quite generous with his music and his time. He oftens hot. People also accepted official posts for free without pay and then he would donate the proceeds from his concerts to charity. He also developed a different reputation thanks to his behavior. Offstage James Hundred. Nineteen eleven biography in chapter two which is called aspects of his art and character begins list. And the ladies. It's like this is like the headings so it's like one with and the lady the Feminine Friendships of Franz Liszt gained for him as much notoriety his music making to the average public he was a compound of cazenove Byron and Guetta into this mixture could have been added the name of stint. How Liz Love Affairs Lists Children Lists Perlis? Escaped from daggers pistols poisons where the subjects of conversation in Europe three quarters of a century ago as earlier Byron was both hero and black sheep in the current gossip of his time. Let's just add to the subjects of conversation right now that he was also extremely attractive. Like I'm having trouble picking out with extremely attractive. Picture of Franz Liszt should accompany our blogs in our show notes and episode itself because there are many and he looks like he looks like the boy at your high school. He was very sensitive and soulful and wrote terrible poetry and made all of the girls think that he was just so tragically. Attractive like that. That's what he looks like. He looks like every guy in every movie about teenage forlorn. This as well that like. He's so beautiful. No one will ever understand him. Yup I've not this kid. He is a pretty thing. These experience you.