Baxter Baxter, NPR, Aubrey Npr discussed on Morning Edition

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Good morning. I'm David Greene. Steve inskeep. This story assured a set tongues. A wagon academic research makes the case in favor of gossip one study finds that people spend an average of fifty two minutes per day talking about other people and the gossip has a bad reputation as idle jealous vindictive. It's not always so bad. Here's NPR's, Alison. And Aubrey if you wanna know how much people gossip and what they gossip about one way to find out is to get them to wear a portable recording device that could capture their every word. That's what researchers did is part of the new study it included about five hundred people study author Megan Robins of the university of California riverside. So she wanted to know how much of gossip is trash talk and how much is positive the what she uncovered kinda surprising. We actually found that the overwhelming majority of gossip was neutral. So about three quarters of the gossip that we heard in our sample conversations was neither positive or negative. In other words, people just love to talk about other people. But a lot of it is just chatter with no real judgment. Jeremy cone teaches psychology at Williams College. We sure tons and tons of social information, but it isn't necessarily, you know, salacious or extreme think about your own conversations. A lot of it is just oh Judy had went to Florida. Uncle Jimmy had a kidney stone. Did you hear ama- gutter driver's license? Much of those just simply kind of documenting of the facts are just sharing information about others. This study has some other interesting findings to turns out women and men gossip about the same and extroverts gossip more than introverts now, many people do engage in negative judgmental gossip, but even this can serve a purpose. I think gossiping can be a very smart thing to do. That's Alina Martin a few of King's College London. She studied the influence of gossip in the workplace it allows people to keep track of what's going on it allows people to bond and to create social alliances with other people from an evolutionary perspective Lear wired to gossip she says, it can help build group cohesion and his sense of cooperation because when you gossip you can keep track of who is contravening and who was giving back to the group and who is being. Selfish and by sharing this information. With your group members, you can exclude those those people who are not good group members who are social loafers in one of Martin 'scuse own studies. She analyzed what happens when a person learns that they're the one being gossiped about turns out people feel hurt and angry. But it can also motivate them to improve we found that negative gossip makes Defoe likely to repair the aspects of their behavior that they were criticized for so if people gossip that you always got to work too late hearing that gossip could nudge to be on time and trigger a change in your behavior for the better Allison, Aubrey NPR news. So this winter was pretty warm and pretty wet across much of the United States. And for most states. This means not only more greenery, but also more rodents and more snakes. So how can you try to void snakes? If you're not a fan and what? Do you do if you are bitten here's NPR's petty name, and the snakes we worry about the most are pit vipers copperheads, water, moccasins and rattlesnakes. The right now he's in a classic strike posture. Very defensive curled up. Yeah. He's been a coil with s curve on his neck, so ready to strike biologists. Jared FOX in a woodsy snake friendly area in southern California. Fox works with canine, loft, a company which runs rattlesnake void of classes. He trains dogs how to avoid snakes whose rattle for them. And for us is warning. They don't want to hurt us. We are way too big. They cannot eat us. So it's surely defensive my dog Baxter took this training class. But I wanted to know how humans can avoid, thanks. So I asked yard Dr Mark Morocco to join me on a hike Baxter Baxter. Come try to keep your dog on a leash. And then you're less likely to have Baxter. Get bit by snake back there. Morocco works at the Ronald Reagan UCLA medical center. He says the number one rule when hiking and snake territory, stay on the trail, you want to be able to see your feet don't get off into high brush on the sides of the trail because that's where the snakes are going to be and they're gonna be harder to see. And if you're rock climbing watch for you, put your hands, the next important thing to think about what you wear on your feet, it is Los Angeles. And so you will see people on trails like this in flip flops, not a good idea. Most people would argue that you should be wearing boots with high sides. If you're in a place where there are lots of snakes. I would just prefer the least were shoes. We do see some barefoot people come into the emergency department. You're saying you were barefoot where wearing long pants can also help since most adults get bitten in the lower leg every year. There are thousands of snake bites in the US many involving children I've seen a number of patients in my career little kids who've been bid on the face or the dominant hand because that's what kids do they see this thing they reach out to touch it and bang. They get a snake bite a bite on the face is more serious than abide on the leg or hand and children can get very sick very quickly. If someone gets bitten Morocco says, call nine one one immediately looks like a burn infection all in once you have swelling and blistering, and you could have some bleeding and some redness, that's when we know there's a lot of venom in the bike anti-venom drugs are highly effective, which is why you should get to a hospital as soon as possible. In the meantime, don't do anything that you see on the movies and TV turn kits and cutting. An ex over the thing and sucking the venom out dramatically, none of that has any effect on the outcome of snake bites. Instead, stay calm motionless of possible to slow down the distribution of snake? Venom in your body when you get injected with snake venom, it's just like getting shot. So the harder your heart beats the higher your circulation, the more mixing blood and venom and moving it around. So we're gonna keep it as localized where the snake bite is as possible. Ideally, lay flat on the ground until the ambulance.

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