Chris I, Physicist, University Of Cambridge discussed on BBC World Service
Service with knee Mony Chesterton this, week we're coming to you from Westminster in London home of, British politics with an audience of opinion formers and professional decision makers. Which is fitting because coming up we have a question about making decisions and. Giving and taking advice I'm here with a very, knowledgeable panel and we'll be picking their brains shortly but. For those who are new to crowd science where the show that takes your question about anything life The contents of your kitchen cabinets anything that science related and, turns them into mostly sensible answers and this week we're tackling a. Question from our listener hands in Antwerp Belgium crowd science and Hello there London. From Belgium and my question is why is it, so hard for humans to take advice from previous generations Thank you hands why is it so hard for humans to accept good advice from previous generations now he. Told us he started wondering this because he wants. To know, if it's pointless giving advice to his teenage kids, and when when I thought this, I immediately thought of my father who is ex military and. A man of few words and has literally only ever given me one piece, of advice, in his life, and it stuck. With me because it, seems absurd he said never pitch your tent in a war de now Nice of you know a what? He is a dry? Riverbed usually found. In deserts and despite the current wave not really a feature of the UK? Landscape, so I consider this advice comically irrelevant and many years later at a festival after pitching my tent at the lowest. Point in a grassy valley guess, what it rains and my tenth flooded so dad you were right now at this point I'm going to introduce our guests or get them to introduce themselves and can. You tell me if there's any good advice that. You've either, ignored or he did Chris all start with you Hi, I'm Chris, Chris I'm a psychologist and I research social cognition which means something like how do we, interact with each other which includes giving and. Taking advice now when I was a student I started studying medicine physics and then my second year I discovered that for the first time it, would be possible to study psychology so I. Went to my tutor who is a physicist and, I said I have discovered that you can now study psychology he. Said yes I knew that but I didn't think any of my students would be cross enough to, want to do it So having looked up in the, dictionary what cross, meant I decided that I would study psychology and. I have, been, quite successful and. I know even a role society mixing with physicists who probably is still bit worried about this Corinna Corinna vault I'm at. The university of Cambridge and I suppose I have two one in faculty of. Philosophy and one, at the lever Hume center for the future of intelligence and my, piece of advice so. I'll take this down a notch infestation, partner very wisely, reminded me not to keep my glasses too close to the toilet and, of course I heard this advice and how to learn the lesson of him knocking them in accident Stephanie I'm Stephanie Bennett, Hayes and I study adolescent social cognition at university of. Birmingham my dad didn't used to give me too much direct advice because I don't really respond well to it being a very stubborn. Person but he's telling me stories of his youth and decisions that he. Regretted and he told me about how he wanted to switch from law to geography, university and then his treatise talked him out of it because geography was one of these press. Subjects but I did differently and I switched from medicine to psychology and I haven't regretted that all thank you very much and round of applause to the. Panel Now when you were introducing yourself I couldn't help. Notice the word cognition came up, in your titles and so Corina could you give us a quick definition and why is that relevant to hands, this question about ignoring advice so in contemporary cognitive science. The mind is seen as a cognitive system which is an information processing system and one popular view this sort of two information processing, systems that are parading together in every human mind one is a conscious. System sort of slow and deliberative and it thinks things over and it's responsive to, reason and the other is very fast automatic it operates without your awareness and it's responsible for. Probably most of your decision making so when we give children advice I think we're trying to peel to their slow and deliberative and rational system which might Not be fully developed a lot of young adolescent minds so might be possible then for us to influence. Their decision makings by appealing to this other fast automatic, information processing system I'd say that teenagers have a bit of a reputation going way back and. I've got this lovely quite a hot take from Socrates from four hundred BC you. Says the children now have bad, manners contempt for authority they showed disrespect for elders and love chatter in place of exercise Stephanie, that disrespect for elders not. Listening is that fair I mean I would have thought that children need to learn so much from parents who've clearly made some excellent choices because they've survived long. Enough to reproduce yes yes children do learn very well from, direct advice, and also by observing others. Adolescence, also there is evidence that they mimic their parents for example they might. Mimic their, parents eating behaviors but teenagers are also really interested in what their peers are, doing what their friends are doing it's been described as a process of social reorientation from seeking approval, from parents to being. Very interested in what your peers think of you and your peers advice so there's some sort of switch that goes off that says ignore parents pay attention. To my friends well parents seem to be still very important. For providing certain sorts of advice for example maybe careers advice that Peers seem to be, really important for host of. Other things their way you gain status from not so much your parents anymore and we should probably say that the concept of kids ignoring that parents and parents. Giving advice isn't necessarily a universal one so we reached out, to the, World Service audience and ask. Them, about children listening to their parents where they live and these are some. Of the, comments that we got My.