Bob Shank, Constantinople, Black Sea discussed on The John Batchelor Show
US navy. Amidst war and revolution one thousand nine hundred and nineteen Twenty-three. Bob shank is above the professor of English at the university of New Orleans as well as a retired captain the US naval reserve, he has put this book together from a number of fundamental. Sources chiefly the logs and diaries of the US navy officers and in some instances the motion pictures of the sailors for these dramatic and horrific events where now about to turn to the Russian revolution. After mentioning that. There's a Turkish revolution going on the white Russians descend in great number. Tens of thousands to the north of the Black Sea, Novosibirsk and Odessa. Does the navy believe that it's their role to help the evacuation of the white Russians? How do they get involved with this? Pastor Bob, the navy has a a Admiral Bristol has gotten a friend and classmate named MacAuley and MacAuley to observe what was going on amongst the white Russians who are still trying to put off the Bolsheviks and trying to put up a fight and the so the Navia doesn't have an original opinion about this Bristol's leery of getting involved. He doesn't want to get involved in this. But finally when Admiral mccully friend sends him a message by destroyer going down to Black Sea to that. The evacuation in evacuation from the Crimea has to take place because the bulk show vix is both have broken through. And all the white Russians will be slaughtered unless they come. The fans a cruiser. Shoveled destroyers, and maybe a a merchant ship or to to help evacuation. So the navy rights to the if I get this straight mccully decides that he's going to task commander Alexander sharp at the John D Edwards to take refugees to Constantinople. He just he says you're going to do this, and because McCullough's bristles friend when they get to Constantinople mccully says I need help and so- Bristol sends a flotilla back to evacuate Russians. Is that how it happens? That's how it happens, of course. They were already now people on on on Russian ships, and especially French ships tens of thousands of people coming aboard those ships. And so America's takes us fall apart in that if I, but they certainly play a part and best will have been very leery of going to the aid these folks, but at this moment when the entirety of the white Russian caused a last gasp for the white Russian seems to be. Expiring bristol. Then sends ships to help the Saint Louis is one of the cruisers in this flotilla, and what is joyful to learn is that the Saint Louis after twenty one is commanded by Bill lay who Bill lay who is that Bob. Well, he was eventually became the chief of naval operations. I believe retired. And then they'll read where he became the basically the first. Chief of staff of the armed forces chief of staff FDR. FDR asked him to come to the White House and stay on after his retirement, and he was FDR's Representative to the second World War through. And and yes, that's right. And he was basically the first armed forces chief of staff during second World War. It's a joy to medium and you have a photograph of him. He commands Saint Louis and all these rescue efforts. Now, the Black Sea is a vast area to the north of it. The white Russians are collapsing. The Americans have participated to some extent, I think we deployed soldiers to fight with the white Russians. But that collapses so Bristol NBK with his colleague mccully, take it upon themselves to evacuate the right white Russians. They take them to Constantinople. Does anybody tell them to do that? Do they ask permission to poor and tens of thousands of refugees from Russia into Turkey. They into Constantinople itself. They don't ask. I don't think that Admiral Admiral calls to Washington. Ask permission first he makes the decision on his own as I read it again, we it was mainly the great Bork was carried by Russian ships and by friendships, but there is still the Americans helped as well. And the perception was that the Americans were part of the rescue effort these whitewashing. So yes, these white Russians they overwhelmed Constantinople it goes from being a Turkish city, which is mysterious and ancient and an Islamic into being I what you described Bob in your in your your wonderful, storytelling is it. It becomes a wide. Open town. Anything is possible. People are trading jewels for flour and the celebrations at night, the sailors are in heaven, the women are beautiful the vodka is rich and everybody's happy. Do I say that correctly or am I exaggerating everybody except the white Russians and the other refugees the city there are probably another twenty or thirty thousand refugees many. Turkey's refugees from various places in the Ottoman empire. But the refugees themselves are normal, and they have no money, they they evacuate. The only maybe a jewelry with some something like that in Romans shawl or something like that. They have no means to support. Although there were Russian restaurants Russian newspapers Russian gambling houses in Constantinople. They were one hundred forty six thousand white Russians who came on. Maybe fifty five ships overnight. And so there's no place for the mall. And so a great many of them are are without any means of support. So bad. Musicians amongst them. So we have great. Interesting music musical time because we have chamber orchestras would be in the same hotel. Where your dining we would have the American colleges in the city would sponsor the American pliers. I'm sorry. Russian choirs. We have many the violinist and pianist and others who would entertain all the embassies in the city of French British Italian American, and others would have benefit concerts. So that for that one reason they the Americans stand love the music, and then the Russian women were so attractive, many of them aristocrats, even very formerly very wealthy, and they wanted to marry anybody even if they were married they were ready to marry someone else. American American many people would love to get out of the place and some of them married Americans. And some of them fell enough to let let let's talk about Newton mccully because you have a wonderful detail. He adopts seven children and he's going. Home to America. And he finds a nineteen year old Russian woman to be their governess, and he sends everybody home, and they tried to hold them up on customs, buddy. They bull their way through. And eventually how does he resolve this family? He's needed. He's put together. What does he do? Well, again, I don't eat. He Mary Mary's the govern he marries the governor's that takes care of the children. Did you find any of the children in your research is Bob I have seen a reference to them? But I haven't seen much about them beyond that. I know they grew up in America one boy was a little troubled. But the the others seemed to be fine children. They see the five very happy under mccully. They were other American officers. Naval officers didn't know what to think of it in their wives made snide remarks, but he could care less. He was an Admiral. And so he seemed to be they seem to be happy family a very happy family. The book is America's Black Sea fleet. The US navy? Amidst war and revolution nineteen. One thousand nine hundred nineteen Twenty-three Robert Schenck, we've mentioned the Russian revolution. We'll come back to the Russians and the troubles during their civil war. But next we're going to turn to the massacres that remain controversial one hundred years later, the controver- controversy has to do what was was this a massacre massacre of the questions.