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On june sixteenth nineteen sixty three thirty two year old sam cook lost his sean in an accident in the family swimming pool then since death profoundly affected san though he still kept his easygoing celebrity celebrity persona he found himself becoming more serious and jaded the more cynical sam became hyper aware of the discrimination he faced two two months after vincent's death in october nineteen sixty three. He was turned away from a hotel near shreveport louisiana. Even though sam had prior survey after a confrontation with the hotel's manager sam was arrested later that night for honking his horn and disturbing the peace it was yet another instance where he was treated as a second class citizen and the only way sam could push back was by expressing himself through. I song in december nineteen sixty three seven months after the death of his son. Sam gave his friend j w alexander a call. He had a new song long. He wanted to play for him. A few hours later. Sam sat in his house with j w strumming his guitar and softly singing listening to sam j w felt as if something huge was happening in the lyrics he could hear sam's experiences his own own experiences and the black communities experiences sham knew the song had to be big he brought it to rene hall his friend friend and longtime musical arranger and told him to give the song the orchestration deserved when rene and sam met in the studio a month later in january nineteen sixty four he came with a score of instruments kettle drums. French horns strings the works. Sam's final song a change is gonna come had the depth and dignity of a cinematic score rene hall arranged separate dynamic movements for each traverse all capped off with sam's wailing earnest vocals. It was a masterpiece after he cut the record. Sam played the ambitious ballot for his friend. Bobby womack in the darkened music room at sam's house as the last trains of the violins faded into silence bobby turn to sam he said quote. It feels like death. The strings and everything is creepy. Something's going going on. It sounds like somebody died. Sam nodded. He replied that he was never going to sing it. In public which was mostly mostly true from the song's recording in january nineteen sixty four to his death that december he rarely sang it live throughout nineteen sixty three sam became more in tune with the civil rights movements something he had always supported now with this recording. He was using his his platform as a star to add his voice to the conversation. A change is gonna come became an instant hit and a new anthem for the civil rights. It's movement. No doubt turn for the violent. Sam grabbed lisa's arm forcing her upstairs to the motel room. She protested asking him once again to drive her home. This was the third time sam refused is to let her leave without responding to her request. Sam pushed lisa into the room and pinned her down on the bed. He ripped her sweater. Let her off and at that moment. She knew he was going to rape her before he could do anything to her. Though lisa asked to use the bathroom he relented wanted letting her get off the bed and go to the small washroom while in the bathroom. Lisa tried to figure out how to escape she attempted to open the small small bathroom window but the edges were painted over making it impossible to open seeing no other alternative. She dried her hands and and return to the room. Lisa came back to find sam had taken his clothes off. He slipped by her and went into the bathroom closing the door behind him. This was her chance. We grabbed her pile of clothes from the floor and ran out the door in her hurry. Lisa inadvertently grabbed sam's clothing as as well lisa down the stairs in just her slip and dashed into the manager's office. She hammered on the door but no one answered that was because bertha franklin was on the phone oftentimes to break up the night shift. She spoke with her boss evelyn car. She heard the sound of knocking and told evelyn to hang on. She went to see what it was afraid. Sam would emerge from the bathroom soon. Lisa turned and ran across across the parking lot without waiting for bertha to come to the door. When bertha answered sheep saw nobody there lisa ducked into an alley to change change into her clothes dropping sam's and the process then she found a telephone booth and quickly dialed nine one one claiming to have been a victim of kidnapping. The time of her phone call was three oh eight a._m. Thirty three minutes after she and sam had checked into the motel after she missed lisa bertha turned to go back to her phone but she was interrupted by another series of pounds at the door. These knocks were louder outer and more frenzy than the first sam cooke was outside stark naked except for his jacket and shoes sham yelled where where is the girl bertha yelled back to him telling him. There was no girl in the office. This seemed to satisfy him for the moment and he retreated from the door. Sam went back to his car and drove towards the exit but before he reached the road he stopped got out of the car and stocked back towards bertha franklin's office. Now bertha could see sam through the sliding glass window. He yelled at bertha again demanding to know where lisa boyer was evelyn car would later testify that she heard him yelling through the phone as well as everything that happened next bertha told him them he could call the police if he wanted to search her office. Sam yelled damn the police and he took a running start at the office door using in your shoulder as a battering ram the drunk and enraged sam cooke bashed his way through the flimsy office door. Kiss is hazy and unfocused. I he looked quickly around the office searching for the missing lisa boyer when he couldn't find lisa he turned his attention to bertha he he grabbed her arm twisting it while asking where she'd hidden the girl she later explained quote. He grabbed both my arms and start twisting. We got into a tussle. We fell to the floor. He fell on top of me. I was scratching kicking biting everything everything pushing sam off of her. Bertha was able to struggle to her feet. She reached for the twenty two caliber pistol. She kept on top of her tv. He set in case of robberies. Bertha fired off three shots. The first two missed in betting themselves in the ceiling ceiling above them. The final bullet fired from a range of just an inch and a half found its mark in sam cook's chest i in shock sam yelled lady. You shot me. He clutched at his heart and reached for bertha. Bertha grabbed a heavy broom handle which lay on the desk nearby and began beating sam trying to stop him but sam wouldn't be going going any further as both of his lungs collapsed and blood gushed from his chest. Sam cooke slid toward the floor of the manager's gers office at three fifteen a._m. On friday december eleventh nineteen sixty four thirty-three-year-old sam cooke died side evelyn.