"Today's episode was brought to you by the new Capital One saver card with which you can earn four percent cashback on dining and entertainment. That means four percent on checking out that new restaurant everyone's talking about and four percent on watching your team win at home. You'll also earn two percent cashback at grocery stores and one percent on all other purchases. Now when you go out you cash in what's in your wallet? Welcome to brain stuff. Production of iheartradio. Hey, brain stuff, Lauren Volk bomb here a Viking warrior is buried in Sweden in the tenth century. See e the grave excavated in the eighteen seventies. Dna results are published in two thousand seventeen sounds like a typical archaeological process of discovery that we take for granted. This find however has been anything, but typical because this Viking warrior was a woman. Founded an underground chamber in eighteen seventy eight this warrior had been buried in a seated position with two horses as well as a sword axe knives. Spears shields and armor, piercing EROs. In addition said of gaming pieces, representing military strategy was found in the lap of seated body surrounded by such weapons of war and without typical feminine coded items such as jewelry or weaving equipment. This high ranking warrior was assumed to be a man for more than one hundred twenty five years. Though there had been an osteo logical analysis in the nineteen seventies. Suggesting a slender bone structure, indicative of a female conclusive evidence was not presented until 2017 Charlotte. Hidden scared Youngson, an archaeologist at Sweden's Uppsala University and her colleagues published their genomic analysis in the American journal of physical anthropology explaining that ancient DNA taken from a tooth and arm-bone of the buried warrior showed only x x chromosomes with. No y chromosome confirming this Viking warrior was a woman and the two is likely more than thirty years old when she died. Why did the genetic results take so long? We spoke with hidden standard Johnson via Email, and she explained that good science takes time. The project was working with several iron in Viking age, skeletons and processing ancient DNA isn't as easy as modern DNA. Their findings were initially met with questions and criticisms, including suspicions that the wrong bones had been tested, but careful review of the data trail confirms that the bones. I found in eighteen seventy eight were in fact, the bones, processed and that they're definitely biologically female. The researchers do acknowledge that the items found at the burial site aren't as a -sarily the possessions of the buried Viking. But their opinion is that this was indeed the grave of a high ranking warrior. He didn't steering a Youngson said most likely she was connected to the troops. And Bianca and linked to the garrison situated very close to the burial some modern folks have raised the question as to whether this biologically female warrior was living as a man, and whether this might have been as common as gender transitions are today. Way. But the researchers cautioned against applying our modern day concepts of gender to an ancient non western people. They do it knowledge that this is just one case study, and quote, there are many other possibilities across a wide gender spectrum some perhaps known to us, but billiard to the people of the time. Alongside these questions. The Bianca settlement itself is a fascinating site located on the island Bianca in east central Sweden. It was the country's first urban center and was Sweden's most important trade centre with northern Europe in the eighth through tenth centuries today, the bureau archaeological site a UNESCO world heritage site. The site contains more than three thousand known graves with only about one thousand one hundred excavated in examined so far and only seventy five thousand with offensive weapons as opposed to defensive weapons though, Viking women have been found buried with weapons before nothing compares to the objects found at the site from this study the amount of type of items at the site suggest a professional fighter perhaps amounted Archer and the game board at associated pieces also suggest a command role. The fact that no tools are agricultural equipment were found there reinforces this Marshall role in society. In addition tassled cap reserved for leaders of society was found at the burial site. And the fact that she was probably not a local inhabitant also tells us. About her status. According to heathens Johnson, the relatively high level of mobility indicated by the variation in strontium levels between three different teeth is in concordance with the itinerary lifestyle of the social elite. The placement of the site itself. Also, reflects a certain standing both inside and military. It's the westernmost gravesite found. Bianca prominently situated near the garrison located there and had been marked by a boulder making it visible both from the settlement and the surrounding lake. Though, these findings may lead to the reexamination of excavated graves and bodies to determine sex. He didn't stay on a Youngson and her colleagues are onto new projects and are currently working on a study on people buried in so called boat burials. Today's episode was written by Jim Marian and produced by Tyler clang, brains stuff is a production of iheartradio's how stuff works for more on this and lots of other topics that do some digging. Visit our home planet has stuff works dot com. For more podcasts, my heart radio. Visit the iheartradio app apple podcasts or wherever you listen to your favorite shows. Today's episode is brought to you by the new Capital One saver card. Earn four percent cashback on dining and entertainment two percent at grocery stores and one percent on all other purchases. Now when you go out you can cash in what's in your wallet."