Stein, Iran, Ninety Percent discussed on TechStuff



Paint pong balls. Now in in the case of a nuclear weapon, these reactions are happening in billions of a second. Yeah. So now let's get to the actual elements that are used in nuclear weaponry. Okay. So one of them is an isotope of uranium uranium-235. That's a very complex atom. Yeah, it's got ninety two protons right? So but it's got one hundred forty three. Neutrons. And the thing about this is that it will accept a neutron if you embarked uranium-235 it very easily will accept that neutron take neutron. Yeah, and then it it makes the uranium unstable and then it will split apart, like I just said in, you'll get that energy in those other neutrons released so that the problem, the problem with this many problems with this, one of the issues that the people who I started working on nuclear weapons technology encountered was that first of all, they, they weren't sure which elements were going to react this way because not all of them do. So finding the right elements was tricky. The other part is that uranium-235 is relatively rare compared to other isotopes of uranium. Yeah, that's right. So when you find naturally occurring uranium the re uranium-235 in that deposit is going. To be relatively sparse and for a nuclear weapon to work. You need about ninety percent uranium-235 so that you have the right amount of material to perpetuate this chain reaction. Otherwise, you're, you're atoms that are unstable may be too far apart from each other for that chain reaction to really take off note to all the nuclear physicists who are writing who have paused the podcast in wrote in to tell us that there are other types of fuel that can be used for nuclear weapons. Yes, we know that. Yeah, whoever we're using, we're starting here starting with uranium because that's that's where that's where the scientists started. Plutonium also used as well as their hydrogen bombs. We'll talk about a little bit, but even hydrogen bombs use uranium and plutonium. It's just that they're, they're using a different mechanism. They're using fusion as opposed to fission. So uranium-235 you have to actually refine you're. You're right, your uranium while I can't talk today. But yes, you take his place to say, hey, Ukrainian your uranium. Yeah, toy boat. Anyway, you have to take this uranium there. Go that works and refined it so that you have a higher percentage of uranium-235 which is what you hear about when you when you hear about these these nations like Iran with their nuclear program you hear about, are they making uranium for power facilities or are they trying to make weaponized uranium this is talking about the enrichment process? Yes. So if you are enriching if you're creating your him so that you've got a section of uranium that is ninety percent uranium to thirty five. That's indicative of a weapon. That's not you don't need that kind of concentration for a nuclear power facility. So that's one of those things that that inspectors try to determine when they go and look at a nuclear power facility to make sure that the uranium being produced is not weapons grade uranium, right? So anyway, that's the basis that's the basic science behind the physician part of nuclear weapons, and we'll get into fusion and the second. So how did this all come about? Well, first we have to look at a fellow named Einstein. Now I'm Stein came up with that famous equation e. equals MC squared..

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