Getting Past Our Bias and Unconscious Judgements Howard Ross - burst 11

A New Direction


Yeah. We all know the Maslow's pyramid the hierarchy of needs right and you know the history of motivation which by the way, we have constantly in psychological research have said, you know, that's really not true. That really doesn't work that way. And Howard it demonstrates a flaw because well, I'm going to let you tell them, you know his big sure because right because our the primary need a name is that you know, it's it's our it's our physical. It's our physical needs are the primary needs and you it's right but Harry Harlow and I will let you take it away. Okay, great. Yeah. Well actually, you know Abraham Maslow created is model 1943. And for those who don't know is basically model needs is considered to be a foundational model in bondage psychology. And it was really it's really important work because it does have us look at human-to-human a tax people but Amazon created a hierarchical structure for these needs and and as you're saying Jay, it starts at the lowest level with our physiological needs food sleep that sort of thing and above that safety wage above that belonging and above that self-esteem and finally what he calls self-actualization which is when we fully realize ourselves as human beings and and for the most part that that has gone unchallenged wage. 270 years at any major way, but we now realize and and some of it is by sending functional magnetic magnetic resonating imagery. You can see which parts of the brain trigger in certain ways. We now realize that something was wrong that that that that belonging is actually a key human need and it makes sense. If you think about it, you know, what's the most vulnerable type of human being's existence infancy? Right? And if you don't belong to a gym is an infant you die and so for the first get and because human beings are more dependent on others to survive in our first couple of years than any other animal on the planet the key message that we get in the early stages of our life is Faith exists because you exist whether your Mom Dad Grandma Grandpa or whatever and so we've been we've been raw and and when we look at things like, you know a suicide bombing whether it was, you know, the Japanese in World War Two or Palestinians today or or other, I mean obviously completely refutes Maslow's notion because in there you see the need to belong to the needs of my larger group or more important in my physical needs now, he's As a footnote to the shape since I wrote the book and and and talking about this I've spoken a lot as as we talked about already and I was at a major university speaking about this and this guy comes up to me afterwards and he says he was actually a direct disciple of Maslow's. He was a student of Madison mezzo died very young but he died in his fifties or heart attack and he told me that at the time that he was working with mezzo, which was toward the end of his life. I was Furious to everybody put it in this. In this pyramid structure cuz that wasn't his original structure that he never apparently saw it as as as as hardened in a hierarchical structure as it was later drawn up now. I don't know whether that's true or whether the guy loved Maslow and he was trying to protect him or not, but I just don't know but if we look at these needs we can see and and and other people like I said for example would be the great Dutch sociology organization sociologist has said that Maslow's hierarchy also applies more in individualistic cultures. Zinc elected absolutely. So if you go to places like like Asia where the cultures are, mostly collectivist the group needs are by far more important than individual needs. So so it's it's so important that we don't that we behave. Like I said, I've said numerous times that we question some of these models that have been so foundational to us because this need to belong to fit in is undoubtedly primary for most of us. In fact, we know that being excluded from a group home in the door. So posterior insular the brain which is the same part of the brain associated with physical paint, you know, I just as a just as an an anecdotal practical level of them, I say this regularly I said this to the college students when I taught psychology, you know, if if if that pyramid and whether it was true or not that it was a pyramid if that was true age understand that you would not have a desire to text message while you drive if your safety was so important. Exactly, but because you want to belong want to be part of the conversation, you will text and drive at the Peril of your safety physical safety. Look I can give you a more basic need how many people who are listening to us have been in a meeting at work. You had to go to the bathroom and you sat there squirming rather than be the first one to stand up and leave the meeting go to the bathroom right now. There's no more basic physically than that right and yet we could all relate to that story. You didn't want to get out. You didn't want to be the one who stood upright. Yes, and and and it's a prayer mat example what you're talking about the need it in the group and not be seen as an outsider by the group members, even that basic physical need of elimination. So so so we know that this is true as human beings. That's awesome. His name is Howard J. Ross the book entitled everyday bias and you are listening to him here on a new Direction. Hey everybody. I

Coming up next