IoT: Is this the fourth industrial revolution?
The IOT is about connections and communications between the eloquently Kunle titled Things. A network of physical objects. That's what I see is things that are embedded with sensors and some software and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems either the Internet. Need to coastal there, HP General Manager for the UK and Ireland covering computes edge outy and digital services. When we talk about things, I'm referring to possibly moving assets like 'cause or pallets or even stationary things like machinery equipment pods or even buildings. It could literally be anything. I think many people think of the Internet of things in small home or connected watching our member. Lot of smart home things in my house of the years and ended up with. Over one hundred different devices connected. That increasingly, we're seeing lots more in the way of connected sensors in those handle I had understand what's happening in agriculture with sensors in the soil or Gathering, data from different sorts of industrial devices. Where that data would just have been thrown away previously. So all different sorts of physical devices that are generating sensitive data usage data. We're looking at this being billions of connected devices, generating huge amounts of data. From. smartwatch is to cutting edge agricultural sore senses. The Internet of things is about connected devices, sperling networks, and massive amounts of data. So how do we get here? Well, it's time as always and you look forward this as much as I do for little history. Started from open it back in the sixties of how do we start connecting machinery together? How do we send data from one location to another? And probably grew later on ask connectivity became more pervasive to have the abilities for additional connected sensors and a little bit more of intelligence in basic devices in the eighty s and ninety s computer scientists exploring the concept of adding senses to objects in networks but progress was slow. The technology wasn't really ready. The chips were way too big and bulky, and there was no real wave objects to communicate out to the Internet. Let alone to each other. What we now know as the IOT was really made possible by two innovations in nineteen, ninety, five, the introduction of GSM, data connectivity on mobile phones and the adoption of Ip v Six. Now six provides so many. Ip. Addresses that we could give walnut to every atom on. Earth. And then times that by ten. ITV's six which has only recently rolled out. Really massive scale has given the ability to connect to my son limited amounts of devices around the world. But where did that connectivity start to open up was probably we started to get mobile networks and the mid nineties the first generation of. Mobile networks which had elements of data connectivity in Nineteen Ninety nine. The phrase Internet of things was coined by British Tech. Pioneer. Kevin Ashton who then went on to create a global standard radio frequency identification or RFID? Are If I, D our electric tags with low power ships that can communicate wirelessly nowadays, they used everywhere to replace ball coats the ability for those protocols to develop and the ability to gain value from that data grew as we've been into. Light sort of two, thousand, nine, hundred, thousand ten am to connectivity machine to machine connectivity beginning to drive that gross but I think it's really exploded since the sort of smartphone revolution. Back, in two thousand, eight, when the first iphone came out a few megs of data, each month would cost quite a bit of cash but now you can get unlimited forty five data for only a few quid a month and like a lot of today's cutting edge tech the advent of cloud also helped push the Internet of things alone. I think the ability to build new applications on the cloud platform, right? So the barrier to entry is being. Massively reduced that you can buy. Morales Batali I've got four or five at home doing various different things. Now, if you think of the ability to buy what's actually very powerful edge device like that as a connected device and very low cost smart sentences and things to it. Build your own connectivity. It's really quite easy to get a new connected service out. Today anybody can do that home scaling it to industrial uses different, but very low barrier to entry in comparison with what it would have been just ten or fifteen years ago. Where we used to be able to have one asset tool king to a central platform. In, the means of machine to machine what we're really seeing now is one asset talking to many other assets in this is where the Internet of things really grows. The it initially expanded by connecting. High. Valley assets and getting more out to them with the market is moving. Now, as we were able to connect to assets three whether it be Wifi blue to five G.. Forty Three G. T. G. or even through narrowband IOT technology innovation in the space of devices is hugely growing and this is allowing businesses to connect much lower value assets. G. Is all about high speed and low latency but not things have the same requirements and that is when narrowband. Comes in. Cynically. NARROWBAND IOT is a five G. Technology is the communication standard that can support a huge number of devices. A small spectrum of frequencies. and. It's perfect for devices that need serious processing network connectivity. Battery love limitations. So think things like soil ph meters in remote areas or whether stations in inhospitable places. TGI. Voice it was about simple audio dialogues. Three G was about browsing Fuji and moved up a gear and allowed consumers to Chevy days which. Completely, changed the way that we interacted on social media platforms. And we're five G. moves into next is really going to be about business is all about those high-value business applications that need very low latency and high three per but then engages with