Listen: Georgia is trying to convince NASA to make WINE on Mars
"Georgia is a place between mountains in the Black Sea. And they're known for being the first nation on earth to make wine. But now they wanna make wine on Mars, and they have a mild climate is perfect for vineyards. And it's developed a thriving wine tourism industry, but now the co founder of the project wants to develop grape varieties that will be able to grow on the red planet Mars. He says Georgians with first winemakers on earth. And now we hope to pioneer viticulture on the planet next door. So NASA has put out its feelers to the public and ask them to contribute ideas for sustaining human presence on Mars. So the group of Georgian researchers and entrepreneurs got together, and they wanna make the country's winemaking inter planetary not just on earth. But on earth. And on Mars in Georgians, the really good at making wine. They've been doing it for about eight thousand years longer than any nation. That's because our geologists they found traces of wine residue in each int- clay vessels. So they made this new project it's called IX millennium. And it's a reference to Georgia's long history of winemaking, and I ex millennium is managed by consortium set up by the Georgia space research agency, Belise business technology university, the national museum in a company called space farms now, the Saul might seem kinda crazy. You know might just seem like somebody's making up an idea for a book or something for a story, but people are actually working on this. They're taking the time out of their day. They're spending their own money. And they're hoping that this actually becomes a thing. Because NASA wants to send a manned mission the Mars in about twenty five years. Spacex who's Elon Musk company has set a goal. For about fifteen years. So let's just say, you know, say twenty five years say if NASA does the manned mission in twenty five years. What do you wanna drink on Mars? Do you want to drink water? Do you wanna drink soda or would you like to sit back sip a little bit of wine? You're hanging out on Mars, you're on the red planet. You're with your buddies who made the trip with you the long arduous journey. Do you wanna drink water or do you want to have a little civil line? Well. I think these Georgian people really want you to drink someone in there working on it. They have some breakthrough results in one of the scientists working on the project Astrobiologist is developing bacteria that can turn Martian soil into fertile soil. And researchers have already achieved a breakthrough in results with some foam Martian soil in their laboratory. So they're actually working on this stuff, and they collected bacteria from regions of Georgia with extreme ecosystems such as hot sulphur springs that may strains capable living in Martian conditions. So they're working on things on earth with bacteria that could be used on the red planet in what the bacteria would do is that they would transform the lifeless surface of Mars into fertile soil where the future Mars colonists would be able to cultivate. Plants now that introduces bacteria onto another planet. Most of the time you're not really supposed to be doing that. But maybe if you're going to survive at another planet. That's another thing, you know, if you want to survive in grow plants while not just wind, but if you wanna go plants that you can survive on then maybe we do need to do this in the future or find another way that doesn't use bacteria, and these scientists are also testing the skins of Georgia's five hundred twenty five grape varieties to see which are most resistant to the highest levels of ultraviolet radiation that hits the Martian surface in their preliminary results showed that a pale skinned variety of grapes, which is the popular variety of produces white wines with crisp green apple flavors is the best in all tra- violent race, so far so the founder of space farms company, which is part of the millennium project said in the. Distant future, Martian, colonists will be able to grow plants directly in Martian soil. But first we need to create a model of completely controlled sustainable Martian greenhouses, and they're not just doing things than a lab the building vertical farming laboratory a new laboratory, which is called the ideal technology for Martian Angra culture in the future in the plants will grow in a specificity located inside a hotel trendy hotel. I guess, and it's laid out in vertically stacked layers with carefully controlled temperature light in humidity. So the next step for these scientists is to grow their grapes in simulated Martian environment in a lab now under construction at the business technology university plants will be subjected to sub-zero celsius temperatures, high levels of radiation and carbon monoxide high-altitude air pressure. And they said they'll be able to. Identify breed food crops resistant to the problems caused by global climate change. So they're actually doing this. They're growing Mars, grapes growing grapes here that they could ship to Mars and make the wine sometime, hopefully, the science that they put together can help us grow plants on Mars as well."