Listen: Amazon, President And Egypt discussed on BBC World Service
"Good. And is happy. To be back. Playing tennis as the clay colts swing gets on the way and Monte-Carlo. Well, he's won eleven of the last full team tournament. He's don't played competitively since he withdrew from his semifinal against Roger Federer at Indian Wells last month. Many. Thanks business news now an Amazon is allegedly flooded with fake five star reviews. Joshua Thorpe is here from our business desk. So how did that come to light than? Yeah. Was so UK consumer wish countdown. The investigation say reviews rate to tech products and about headphones fitness trackers, and they found that thousands of the reviews for these products unverified that meaning basically that was no evidence to review the products in the first place in which we can here about five stall, glowing reviews item, French is a consumer rights it which and he told me how to spot a fake review fake reviews tend to be very generic. Not very useful information in often you just find star. Reviews of no actual content underneath was however, a fact we to one set of headphones have been from an unnamed brand they have a full hundred reviews older which five stall old unverified. So we couldn't tell if anyone it actually bought them and every single one of those your views had been published on the same day and who's behind these fake reviews generally of a brand themselves as really haunt to tell who's behind these fake reviews. It could be a brand himselves. It could be an agency. Welcome hall of them. We've in the past expes in very shady groups on Facebook, which we're encouraging people to leave positive reviews of products on sites like Amazon in return for cashback who of prizes Fidel positive review. So have real patchwork out there the people behind this particular product so type product, so the more affected the numbers. I mean, you've looked tech products. For example, in this research headphones in particular stood out on Amazon. When we sorted the results by average customer review ODA products in a first page of results with from completely unknown. Brands nine in ten if those of twelve thousand reviews, we found where she from verified purchases. So again patches we can say had definitely been made by those people leaving the reviews, what do you think Amazon needs to do to dress this well, Saturday doesn't like Amazon is losing the battle against fake reviews. And it's a global we've millions if not billions of uses buying stuff all of the time. So we need to seat him. Take much more proactive steps to acts against these fake reviews. Make sure when we have all cash with doing it on the right product, and a French chef whom that can agree witch. And in a statement said it was using automated technology to weed out reviews investing significant resources, it says to protect its review system and added the even one inoffensive review is one too many Josh many, thanks twenty. Minutes post. The hello. This is Newsday. We're going to talk about Egypt now with the parliament's expected to vote later today on changes, which could allow the Egyptian President of the SEC to rule the country until twenty thirty and beyond MP's are expected to say, yes, which would actually pave the way for a referendum of otas. The changes could grant control of the judiciary increase in military's pile speak little bit more about this from Cairo have Asada who has been writing about this for the financial times. Have a welcome to the program. So often, we talk about the issue of presidential term limits. What exactly is under discussion an undeveloped today? What's under vote today is an extension of presidential term limits from four to six years. So Mr. CC who was second term in office should expire on twenty twenty two gets another two years to twenty twenty four and then. There inserting in the constitution what they called a transitional article, which would allow him as an exception. To run for a third six-year term. So the constitution says that presidents are allowed to two terms owned e so we've now extended from four to six years and added assert for Mr. cease. Okay, right now, this is going through parliament, and everyone expects that to be rubber-stamped once the thinking behind putting that out to a popular referendum. Well, the the I think the thinking is that it is to change the constitution in you, you have to have a popular referendum. That's what the constitution says. So I think there is no escaping the referendum. Is it a dangerous stack toll? No, it is not a dangerous step in the sense that there's no risk that it will not be approved. I think that the the main what the authorities will be looking to see is the turnout. There's been very little debate of the action amendments, the the those who want to say, no have not really been heard because of the way politics and media are tightly controlled. So the what might give us a clue as to how people feel about it is the turnout will they go what we have seen in Egypt in the past. Is that when people feel they're not being given a real choice? They tend not to go. So. Says the turnout we want to watch an briefly if you can what does this mean for the power structure around the president, obviously he continues. So presumably his way of doing business continues. I think so it it's a highly presidential system. The the the president has a lot of power a lot of influence, and he's very much at the social the core of the system. So if he continues than his way of doing business content. Many thanks indeed once again had for the financial times from Cairo. Israeli scientists said the university of Tel Aviv say they have made an artificial human heart using a three D printer basing, the printers, ink on human tissue to create cells blood vessels, ventricles and chambers. Professor tells vir of Tel Aviv is the lead researcher. So what we do is. We take federal tissue from a patient. And condition body are composed of cells and proteins, and we separated the defect issue from the cells and proteins and descends with changed them to become an exactly like in the embryo where they can form any kind of stay show the proteins. We came to become term sensitive either jail, and then we can and composed those together, and then differentiate them into any kind of tissue, and I did was to take these material with distills, and then print specific case city image from Beijing's heart, and then those and printed hearts actually can contain this human cells, which are differentiating car. Do my insight. I mean, you talk about it in simple terms. But this is quite remarkable as I understand it before only simple tissues without the blood vessels. They need to to live to fun. Function to do their job they'd been printed before. But this is different. Tell us how this is different. And major different sexually is by using the patient's own cells and on materials and waiver. It's not dead and printed heart is fully functional now, and he doesn't prompt any blood. It still has a lot of limitation and still that still need to address. However, it's a major issue again is using the same patients as cells in material for a complex structure. There are still any many advances also trade printing here, but there is a lot more to develop is still again, not a fully functional, and it will be a lot of years did make it fun cli- believe so the intricate structure of the heart. You've been able to develop that in a smaller sizes. I understand it. It's the function that then you have to work on. So you you have to be able to make it work. Put it inside a buddy, whether it I I'm. Fuming you're going to put it inside a body of an animal, for example. And then make it work. What do you need to do for this to happen? So first of all saying that we need to insert the cells in a better way to make them more functional to make them. In in better way to have more connectivity. So the tissue can function one unit and also need to blood vessels to be connected to a buyer react or let the heart pumps and blood before it can mature into a flu from KOMO heart and only, Dan we might be able to insert it into an animal model. And then when do you move to the human phase and is the game then for this to replace organ transplants? We're talking about tens of years. So maybe like fifty nine no at least and still very far away. But after Creighton fully tissues and fully Oregon that will be to transplant in Indiana and unions, how big is it an inside. And currently it's only like two and a half centimeter in size, but we can do even larger, but you need more cells and trick is also because trading Princeton day sometime is to let the cell survive during this phase. So it's also limitation that still needs to address those Dr Reuven Adri one of the scientists behind that project at printing a three g humid heart at this point as he said, it's going to take a long time to actually be transferable to humans, very very small still a lot of work to be done. But quite a remarkable achievement. Still. This is new state was shaima darns. We'll be back in Paris straight off the news in about"