Southeast Asia, East Asia, Professor. Darren Kono discussed on The Science Show
Professor. Darren Kono is a paleo anthropologist from the university of New South Wales. We join him on the hunt for human fossils in the Borneo rainforest. Human. Amazing place that we've been working at court, the caves, some of the largest as in southeast Asia, the biggest one, the cycle, west mouth in this massive complex is so big that you can fit for jumbo jet since almost. And it's a place where people been going for a long time today. You have local non men who climb up these bamboo poles and click the business business traded across southeast Asia. The traditional made Senate almost half of making soup and for restaurants. It's also one of the most iconic archaeological sites in south East Asia. I guess they most famous discovery was human scou- could the deep scowl which has been daily to about thirty five thousand years old until very recently provided the earliest physical evidence that we had for the earliest modern humans from Auburn, south East Asia, the deep scar fossil was on earth in the nineteen fifties. They have been other teams that have gone in reinvestigated view. Early pioneering work done by Tom and Barbara Harrison, but house really do market new Faye. Phase in the history of NIA and the first paleolithic digs that are being done in the cave in fifty years after leaving Africa modern humans sprayed across the globe, but fossils have only been found at a handful of sites in southeast Asia as of last year. There's a study from Indonesia that suggests that people like us, modern humans. I arrived perhaps spoon about sixty and seventy thousand years ago. So these are the ancestors of the indigenous people across south East Asia and Australia, New Guinea's world. One of the big questions for internationally is who were the first humans to live in an environment like rainforests rainforest, surprisingly challenging places for togethers to presently. We have only one site that provides any information for about this very murky period of history and try this cave is a site that offers us that potential to provide new information about this very important chapter. Now. Evolutionary history at the same time. Modern humans may have been moving through the region. There was a major volcanic eruption on the Indonesian island of Sumatra just seventeen hundred kilometers to the west of Barnea just before the time that more than humans get into southeast Asia. We have the largest volcanic eruption that's happened on the planet in the last two million years. This is the so-called Tober super option. It happened about seventy four thousand years ago. The massive explosion showered the globe in Ashish today. The eruption is marked by lake toba in North Sumatra if they were people living in the area at the time, including at NIA caves that they would have been dramatically affected by this super option that actually probably plans the planet into a nuclear winter that may of last month's peps longer. It's been for a long time that in a way, the super option laid the foundation for more than humans to come in after that, then. It kind of like put the Bruins through the neighborhood if you like an got rid of many of the, there are cake. Humans living, they got rid of them. So one of the things that we obviously looking forward and try to save his evidence for the super option and trying to find evidence of whether humans were there before. And of course, we certainly do have evidence for them thereafter. This massive event. Professor Curnow is co leading the excavation in Borneo with members of the Sarah walk museum. Our approach is always going much to work with locals. And in fact, we have a joint team with a Sarut museum where we work together. We run the project. We dig together each day just after sunrise. The team said off for the cave..