Listen: President Lincoln, President Edwin Stanton, President Trump discussed on American Elections: Wicked Game
"In late. Eighteen sixty one as president. Lincoln fought against the confederacy he. He also faced another issue that threaten the solvency of the union bankruptcy the goods. The army needed to fight uniforms. And even the union flag itself or mostly flee made in Europe and European countries while refusing to aid the north were investing their gold in southern cotton production in purchasing good from Europe. The North North was unknowingly funding the south rebellion. Meanwhile corruption in the Union capital was rampant. Not only was the government filled with southern sympathizers who sought to undermine remind the war effort but there were countless speculators. Personally profiting off the war. Even Lincoln's own cabinet was caught up in a corruption scandal secretary of war Simon Cameron and had ties to the railroad industry. He gave the companies that he was close to lucrative government contracts and left their competitors open to confederate attack. His friends were making being money hand over fist and were even appointed to the government. The vice president of the Pennsylvania Railroad was Cameron's assistant secretary of war when the scandal broke in late. Eighteen sixty one lincoln asked for Cameron's resignation in January of eighteen sixty. Two Lincoln appointed a talented lawyer to replace Cameron. Former Attorney General Edwin M Stanton a Democrat. Stanton did not care for President Lincoln and over the years he had made his feelings well known he especially excoriated. Lincoln's weak response to the attacks. Tax On Fort Sumter though Stanton view the president as an inept buffoon. Lincoln saw potential in the famously stubborn and tenacious Edwin Stanton. The two had served on a a court case together. Many years ago and experienced left an indelible impression on the President Edwin Stanton was resolute stubborn and he got things done his way immediately absolutely after his appointment. Lincoln's God of war who he playfully nicknamed Mars went to work rooting out. Corruption in the government and in the Military Stanton also tackled the bankruptcy obse issue declaring that all military goods would be solely purchased in the north. This put American business back to work and staved off an economic downturn Stanton Manton also tested the reach of the federal government using wartime constitutional authority. Stanton sees the railroads and telegraph lines putting them to work for the war department. Even even shut down newspapers that shared military secrets or spread. Confederate lies or propaganda. All of these actions would serve their purpose and strengthening the Union's cause but they also tarnished Lincoln's presidency in the eyes of his enemies southern sympathizers known as copperheads began to call Lincoln a tyrant. The copperheads were peace. Democrats a faction in the north view the south outrage as legitimate and the use of federal forced to stop secession as unconstitutional throughout the war. They push for piece even if that meant recognizing the legitimacy of the confederacy or allowing the south back into the union with new guarantees of slavery. The term copperhead was a pejorative Georgia created by Republicans to invoke venomous snakes but peace. Democrats embraced the nickname. These copperheads wore badges with the image of lady. Liberty cut from copper copper liberty head coins. They've you'd Lincoln's wartime actions with deep suspicion. Nothing would enrage the copperheads more than Lincoln's decision to suspend Habeas Atheist Corpus from the very beginning of the civil war Washington. DC was in peril because of its geographical graphical location DC was surrounded by Maryland a slave state filled with southern sympathizers who often resorted to access addition if Maryland were to secede the capital would be lost to the South so Lincoln and Stanton took a hard stance against sedition to maintain order. The president suspended Habeas Corpus. The right which protect techs citizens against arbitrary arrest and imprisonment Lincoln gave federal marshalls the authority to imprison any person engaged by any act of speech or writing in discouraging volunteer enlistment or in any way giving aid and comfort to the enemy among those arrested. Were the mayor of Baltimore and nine members of the Maryland legislature. Even the famous actor John Wilkes booth was arrested briefly in Saint Louis for making anti-government remarks throughout the war. Some eighteen thousand citizens were arrested. The number of military arrests for desertion and corruption will reach a staggering. Two hundred thousand. But for Lincoln and Stanton this was a necessary evil for the copperheads it's it was a rallying cry as the spring of eighteen sixty to pass. The North was losing the war in the West. The Union Navy won a victory in New Orleans and the army had a hard won victory at the battle of Shiloh Tennessee by lesser known general ulysses s grant but the eastern theatre had been a disaster under General McClellan clown the army of the Potomac had been stuck in a stalemate McClellan had failed to take richmond and suffered a string of humiliating defeats which only bolstered the copperheads calls for piece. The war weighed heavy Lincoln throughout his presidency. Lincoln battled fits of melancholy which many modern historians and psychologists have labeled a major depressive disorder. Nothing however hit Lincoln spirits harder than the death of his eleven year old son on February twentieth. Eighteen sixty two Willie Lincoln died from typhoid. Hi Ford like illness. Historians blame the contaminated water in the White House. The same issue that likely killed presidents Harrison. Halt and Taylor. Lincoln was traumatized. I Mary Todd. Lincoln was inconsolable and wore nothing but black for a year but Lincoln's personal tragedy and one unexpected consequence in the summer of eighteen. Sixty two. It's solidified a bond between the president and his war secretary and Stanton who had lost his own son. Stanton and Lincoln would soon unite in the common purpose around a controversial issue. Lincoln's embrace of emancipation would redefine the landscape of the war. Unite the north and put the rebels on on their heels.."