Syphilis, Robert Lamm Julie Douglas, William Osler discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
Hey, you welcome to stuff to blow your mind. My name is Robert Lamm Julie Douglas, but I'd like you to take a moment to just try and create trying to magic the most destructive disease possible. Imagine a disease that ravages the body that ravages just about every tissue every every part of human form that. It takes down your sex organs that takes part to face takes your identity and in some cases alternately rob you of your mind as well before killing you outright. Yeah, you mentioned sex organs. So also imagine that there's a moral to mention to this disease that would give you the sort of outward appearance that perhaps you had been engaging in conduct unbecoming to you? Yes. And of course, in all of this, we are talking about a very real illness and that is syphilis. We're actually going to devote to whole episodes to syphilis here this first episode, syphilis. The great imitator is mainly going to focus on the organism that causes stiffness and how syphilis manifest itself in the human body. In the second episode, we are going to get in to the cultural and historical impact of syphilis because that that in its own right is an enormous topic of interest because for four and a half centuries, syphilis ravages the old. World ravages western culture, and it's it's really kind of difficult to overstate the the role that syphilis played in in coloring western civilization during that time. Yes, don't run away because this is really interesting that curium itself is fascinating. And then of course the the cultural implications. Now we have our first recorded epidemic of venereal syphilis occurring in Europe in fourteen ninety five and by the close of the fifteenth century, you have chaos just raining in Naples, Italy where there's a huge outbreak. In fact, Pope Innocent the eighth asked French king, Charles the eighth to invade the city with troops to try to keep it under control. But what do you think happens. As we would, we would have instantly learned sending troops into deal with syphilis, not the best strategy because because they're going to end up catching the syphilis. And then when you draw the troops out, they're gonna take the civilised elsewhere. Exactly. And the problem here is that was has been known as the great image imitator because it has all these different symptoms that at the outset might be mistaken for other illnesses. So imagine this time period in which this was happening and people don't quite knowing what they were dealing with to quote, Sir, William Osler. He says, no syphilis in all its manifestations in relations and all other things clinical will the added to you. There is no organ in the body, nor any tissue in the organs which syphilis does not invade, and it is therefore manifestly difficult to speak, at least at all concisely of the pathology of the disease just as it is almost impossible to describe its clinical symptoms without mentioning almost every symptom of every known disease and the symptoms are. Are not going to be the same from one person to the next. So you have a disease that is that is seemingly very stealthy, very nefarious, it's it's, it's changing its shape. It's changing its strategy. It's going dormant. It's popping back up and and the whole time everyone's trying to understand what's going on how to prevent it. Again there. There's, there's this, this whole seemingly moral side to it because it spread through sexual contact and it ends up spreading across every social level in society. It's it's a disease that ravages the poor ravages, the rich, it's hitting the royalty. It's hitting the clergy, it's hitting anyone who's engaging in sexual contact, which is everyone right. And in fact, it is so prevalent that you get a couple of references to it in Shakespeare's works like pox of your houses and Romeo and Juliet, which is now a curse like about sewing. You. Yeah, it's. But the problem with this is that we tend to think of it as antiquated illness, right? It is not. In fact, the centers for disease control estimate that annually more than fifty, five thousand people in the US get new syphilis infections. And during two thousand twelve, there were more than forty..