Rosalind Franklin, Ross, Maurice Wilkins discussed on Your Brain on Facts


Van Gogh and Monet. So, why was Ross able to eclipse Alexander to such an extent? It may come down to something as simple as likability. Alexander. was passionate an animated prone to rambling even singing off key. Ross on the other hand was laid back funkier and on threatening peace nick. Ross saw this distinction as did PBS station managers who realized as The New York Times reported is expanding circles. Viewers were for the most part not even painting. Nor did they have any plans to start? They watched the joy of painting simply because it was the most relaxing show on television. It is unfailingly simple a three camera production with black backdrop and at Ross's insistence no edits. Ross wears the same thing every time blue jeans and John Henry Shirt and in twenty six minutes not only completes a painting but also in his soft lullaby voice murmurs familiar Bob, `ISMs like. Happy little trees and what the heck. Let's give him a little friend over there and. There are no mistakes only happy accidents. The show was so nice to listen. that. It was even popular with blind viewers. Obscuring outselling his teacher aside, the Internet isn't wrong with its love affair. For Bob. Ross. Not only could he be called the Orgy of Asmar but you've gotTa love a guy who wants did an entire episode working only in shades of gray because he got a letter from a fan who said he couldn't take up painting because he was colorblind. Russ's trademark Afro was actually a perm that he'd initially gotten to avoid the cost of properly maintaining his crew cut and then when the show took off found, himself basically stuck with it. People would often tell Ross that his show put them to sleep. Did he mind. Now, he enjoyed that just as much as the people who said that he'd inspire them to paint. And one time he did the show with a tiny baby squirrel in his pocket. So you gotTa love that. From art we moved to science. What do you think is the worst part of working on a group project? Is it trying to come to a meeting of minds on what you're going to do? Is it that person who accepts their share of the assignment and then doesn't do anything? Or is it when someone takes all the credit for one of the greatest advances in our understanding of biology? Probably, the third one. That's what happened to the discoverer of the double helix shape of DNA English chemist and x Ray crystallography Rosalind Franklin. There's probably no other woman scientists with as much controversy surrounding her life and work as Rosalind Franklin. Asterisk for Marie curious love life. But that's another show. Franklin was responsible for much of the research and discovery work that led to the understanding of the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA. Born in Nineteen. Twenty. Franklin excelled at science and attended one of the few girls' schools in London that taught physics and chemistry. When she was fifteen. Sided to become a scientist and despite her father stance against higher education for women and his wish that Rosalind become a social worker she enrolled at. Newnham. College. Cambridge in nineteen thirty eight. She held a graduate fellowship for a year, but quit in nineteen forty two to work at the British coal utilization. Research Association. where she made fundamental studies of carbon and graphite micro structures. Cole was not only important for power, but charcoal was a key component in gas masks. Her research was her contribution to the war efforts, of world, War Two and was the basis of her doctorate in physical chemistry which she earned from. Cambridge. University in Nineteen forty-five. After. Cambridge. She spent three productive years at a laboratory in Paris where she learned x Ray diffraction techniques. X Ray Diffraction is an important non-destructive method for analyzing all kinds of matter from fluids to powders to crystals. The technique involved bombarding the sample with xrays rays, the electron cloud of the atoms in the sample, bend the X ray slightly. This makes a picture of the molecule that can be seen on a screen. In nineteen fifty one Franklin returned to England as a research associate in John Randall's laboratory at King's College London. It was in Randall's lab that she crossed paths with Maurice Wilkins. She and Wilkins lead separate research groups although both were concerned with DNA. Assigned Franklin, a DNA project that had already begun but no one had worked on, for, months. Wilkins was away at the time and when he returned, he misunderstood her role behaving as though she were an assistant disappointing but not surprising given the climate. Only, males were allowed in the university dining room, for example, and after hours, Franklin colleagues went to men only pubs. Nevertheless. Franklin persisted on the DNA project. Her techniques allowed her to take better images of the structure of DNA than anyone ever had before. Jd. Brunell. Scientist who pioneered the use of x Ray crystallography in molecular biology called her x Ray photographs of DNA the most beautiful x ray photographs of any substance ever taken without Franklin's knowledge or permission Wilkins showed these images and her data to James Watson and Francis Crick who were themselves working on DNA projects that. Photo was essential to the findings they published in nineteen fifty three again without Franklin. Knowledge. She was aware of their research but had no idea that her work had been subsumed into it as she was not credited at all. The closest she got was the journal Nature citing her work. To Bolster Watson and Crick's claims. Rosalind? Franklin. Can be working until her death from ovarian cancer in nineteen fifty eight. Four years later, Watson and Crick were awarded a Nobel prize for their discovery. They shared the award with Wilkins but made no mention of Franklin. Admittedly, Nobel prizes aren't awarded posthumously. So we'll never know if she would have finally received the credit she had been denied during her lifetime. But credit where credit is due I have to give thanks to people who have left reviews lately both for the podcast and for the book. On the various podcast players iceman eighty, eight, eighty, eight said, how can you not love this show five stars Love Moxie love you to iceman. And John Ravens bottom who deserves five stars of his own for that amazing surname said, this show is fantastic brilliantly written, paced and presented each episode contains so much depth that they are easily heard again and again with something new coming from each listen Moxie is very talented. Her usage delivery are perfectly suited to the material I look forward to learning more fascinating facts and amusing anecdotes from this incredibly.

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