Listen: ICM, Six Months discussed on Freakonomics Radio
"Pastor would be ministering to. So they would flip. Quaint about which village they actually went in worked in. And then we use the other one as the comparison. So we had four different treatment arms to the study. We had one treatment arm that received the full package the full package, meaning the standard transform curriculum. Equal parts religious values health and nutrition and economic livelihood for another quarter of the villages. Just the pastor wet not the ICM employees. So those participants got only the values or religious instruction for another quarter of this of the villages. Just the ICM employees went in the pastor never showed up. And so in those villages, people were receiving Justice, secular curriculum and did not receive a Christian curriculum in these cases, the program was not held in a church just to make sure the religious component was totally removed and then a quarter of the villages. There's nothing left as the control group. Okay. So those were the four conditions from a set of villages that had been chosen randomly with each condition including hundreds. Of households. It's pretty impressive for real world are CT six months later. The economists went back to measure the results now, how do you do that? Yeah. So we wanted to study to be about the effect of religiosity on economic outcomes we ended up working with six thousand households. So in order to identify the fact of religiosity, we were comparing those values health livelihoods against just health and livelihoods, and then we also compared those you got just values against those. You've got nothing this would allow them to isolate the economic and other effects of the religious instruction. But first they need to know, whether the religious instruction, actually increased religiosity are style. You would kind of go nowhere. If the religious curriculum didn't actually change the religiosity of the individuals attending, these classes, they surveyed people to see if the program made them more likely to read the bible, pray or attend religious services. And we found that it did. So we found big increases in religious behavior. So then we can go to the second stage, which is given that the religious programs increased religiosity, what does the effect downstream on other economic outcome seem to be they looked at everything from food security to life satisfaction to of course, income because the whole purpose of this project. The whole purpose of the ICM charity was to alleviate poverty. So what was the biggest downstream effect as they call? It of just the religious instruction. What we found was that just being exposed."