Sea Afar, Dallas Morning News, Carla discussed on The World Next Week
Dot org slash local journalists today will be talking about reporting on immigration policies and migration with our speakers. Paul angelo diane solids and hopes kurla and robbins. We circulated their bios. I just share a few highlights. Paul angelo is a fellow for american studies at sea afar. His focuses on us. Latin american relations transnational prime violent actors military police reform and immigration. He was formerly an international affairs fellow at sea afar and in this capacity he represented the us state department as a political officer at the us embassy in honduras. Diane souls. it's a reporter at the dallas morning news where she covers immigration and social justice issues prior to her twenty two years at the dallas morning news. She spent thirteen years as a correspondent for the wall street journal in mexico city and houston and she was a nieman fellow at harvard. University and carla andro. Robbins is an adjunct senior fellow at sea afar. She is also faculty director of the master of international affairs program and clinical professor of national security states abreu called mark school of public and international affairs and previously. She's deputy editorial page editor at the new york. Times and chief diplomatic correspondent at the wall street journal. Welcome to you all. Thank you very much for being with us today. I'm going to turn it over to carla to have the conversation with both of you and then we will turn to everyone on this call for their questions. Comments and to share best practices. So carla. take it away. Thank you so much arena and thank you paul and my old friend diane at so great to see you again. I'm not gonna talk about how many decades it's um since we went to summer camp together And thank you everybody for joining us and for doing extraordinary work that you do as reporters. It's incredibly important in an incredibly challenging tire mobile journalism so with that. I'm sure everybody has Questions for our experts. So i'm not going to get in the way much. But i'm gonna take the prerogative in pitch some questions so paul. I'm going to start with you. 'cause you're the policy wonk and i'm going to ask a policy whitish question of you. So why is there. Such a surge and the sturge is enormous with biden of course but it predates biden Just a few recent stats Troll agents apprehended million people in the first time months of the fiscal year which is an enormous number people nearly fifty six thousand family members and fifteen thousand unaccompanied minors in june alone. Those is a really big numbers. But it's not just all by despite what president trump would suggest you. What's you know. What's the push factor here star base carla reader for the opportunity to join all of you. Today i'm looking forward to hearing from our local journalists. Seen that so many of you have your finger on the pulse of the border And working in washington dc. So i don't get down to the border as much as i'd like your perspectives. And it's also real be on analyst. I so you turning our attention to the border of course administration the united states in among the first foreign domestic policy challenges that the vita ministration faced was on the migration fronts for me is for people who have been watching the order. Like many of you isn't surprising for anyone who's been paying attention to the border. In recent years we have all predicted. This and there are a handful reasons that stand oxley from geico. The first is that this surge is a natural evolution of ongoing trend. Look over the past decade. The the euro with the highest spike in migrant apprehensions of the. Us was twenty nineteen and this is when president. Trump's anti-immigrant rhetoric maverick protection protocols The safe third country agreement with guatemala. The assem cooperation agreements with hunters and a salvador. Were all in full swing. Despite all of those measures migration was at a tenure peak in two thousand nineteen twenty twenty twenty with the pandemic. We saw a bit of a recreate for the us. Government due to club in nineteen restrictions on movement that were enclosed in mexico and central america wants national governments reopened. Their orders all that up demographic pressure was going to result inevitably increase in migration. Second thing i would say is that the trump administration very much in the ball down the court. Same corporation agreements for instance were more symbolic than substantive places like one hundred now. Salvador never had robust asylum systems. Nor do they have the resources or interested in developing them and so it was more symbolic measure than it was when it was actually going to push asylum applicants to the northern triangle a rather than to mexico or the united states likewise we always see an uptake migration at the beginning of a calendar year due to seasonal labor and whether patterns at similarly on the eve of joe biden's election The eve of joe biden's inauguration. We had more than forty two thousand Asylum applicants are candidates camped out on the mexican side of the border. Due to programs like mine protection protocols in meter and so inevitably the by administration's decision to reactivate are asylum system to bring the us in compliance with its international humanitarian legal obligations was inevitably going more asylum requests and then there are other things particularly Conditions we call root causes migration in central america. That have been fuelling. Migration from that region in southern mexico For much of the past decade. Most immediately i would say the back-to-back category five and category for hurricanes in the fall which killed off one hundred four thousand livestock. Ninety percent of honduras is being in corn crops in an economy that is largely subsistence in rural spaces. Fueled migration but were over what we're seeing in central. America is acceleration of democratic back slightly. And i think if we look to wear central america was even five years ago. There was there. there is still a lot more. Hope for the region There were you know. The anti-corruption crusade was in full. Swing in places like guatemala honduras. during the trump administration. A lot of those priorities took a back seat to you for us. Policy in latin america and some not worth seeing a real sense of malays or frustration that these are political systems in economies at that no longer or don't take into account needs of their imple- and missile precisely what is recent surge migration that's All very cheery. Thank you all for starting off dan to continue on with the policy perspective so president biden ran promising to address trump. The trump administration Frankly abusive immigration policies separation of families. Denial silom rights which are under international. Long is constant demonization of immigrants..