President Trump, Iraq, Syria discussed on BBC World Service
Think last year eighteen thousand eight hundred and fourteen people were killed by terrorism numbers reduction? That's the third year that the death toll has fallen in succession since two thousand fifteen that horrible toll has fallen by fallen by forty four percent. No one's ever going to say only eighteen thousand eight hundred and fourteen people were killed at the trend is however interesting Steve Kilali compiled, what is called the global terror index. The obviously there are still very dangerous places Afganistan Iraq, Nigeria Somalia, Syria, which recorded more than a thousand deaths in twenty seventy but what behind the decrease his Steve Kelly. Well, put it in one sentence. It's the demoss Basel. So as it's lost its territorial, control, Iraq and Syria. It's found it much harder to actually launch attacks with that. It's lost its revenue, which means heavens got the money. To play the foreigners as much as what they could before. And also found break up large amounts of the group and were they did sedan by fifty two percent. Awesome. Still the most deadly grew into seventeen the house, the nature of the attacks changed is that the sort of thing that's revealed by the statistics as well. Well, there hasn't been much change in the nature of the attacks. Other than maybe in Afghanistan, we've found the Taliban shifted tactics away from civilians towards more military in place think that's a sign of just the increase Cape operational capabilities. Ability of the organiz. What are the broader patterns? We talk more about the statistics. And also the methodology if we have time as well. But the broader patterns do they lead to reliable conclusions? I mean starts are one thing. But do people on the ground to expert to analyze this kind of thing? Would they look at your statistics and go? Yeah. That tells a story we recognize it will it depends which area are actually looking at this one's that. Which just always astounds me, always astounds me. And that's the ninety nine percent of all their through terrorism. Either happened in a conflict zone or in countries, which practice state terrorists have state care being extrajudicial killings torture imprisonment without trial. When you get that strong that does lead to some very concrete conclusions give us some conclusions. Then well the conclusions as one. Than Star Wars unless you really have to that'd be the first one. So we can see Afghanistan running for seventeen years, and we can see the aftermath of Iraq is still settling them starting to settle down. Now, but still in very very bad, shake, the second thing is not support strongly states, which are terrorizing their citizens this raises. The question of the methodology because there are many areas where deaths are caused by government action governments will often turn around and say, it's the terrorists we're fighting against you know, we're talking about we're talking about Syria Myanmar to use another example, how do you take account of that when you're trying to assess statistics, look, that's an excellent question. So one of the caveats on the research, we do the exit terrorism done by non state actors. So the we look at the global terrorism index in terms of let's say we look at it from global pace, which you can measure the global peace index. That's one measure in that index is another major state terror. So in this case drilling down and just looking at non state actors and part of that is driven by the database, which we do to actually do the analysis in count would the picture be very different. If you did balance it for state terror. However, we define that. Well, it gets more difficult because you've got a different ways of being out to follow and in coverage. So the way you looking at state terror what you'd be doing is looking at reports which compare the US State Department Human Rights Watch and mistreated national you count them up to build up an appropriate measure, the sets very very different approach than when you look at the terrorism where you're looking at news media and coverage the various the worst, we still see a trend if we adjusted it that way with the trend still be the same fewer deaths. Well, this is this is quite fascinating. So we're looking at state sponsored terrorism. We look at the last decade twenty six percent of the country's impro-. Proved rather than to teary righted, which means in some ways the world is actually becoming slightly more civilised. It's interesting. I mean, the statistics can be misleading also very revealing as well a huge increase. I mean, we said the largest falls in Iraq and Syria, and people might be thinking where are the increases in your stats show, Egypt and Somalia places like Somalia Ninety-three percent increase? But that's because part from background of tax is also a horrible so-called spectacular. Same thing in Angola, Angola, season enormous increase in deaths because of one attack so the statistics that is the way that you can express the stats or balanced them for the kind of the base that they going from what you've got to look at it. I think Malia nature to go one. So you've got one attack in Somali Mogadishu with the bombing met by accident a quarter petrol-tanker which exploded in a market killing five hundred ninety seven people. So that causes big spot. Took the spark air, basically be the same. As what it was before some doing statistical analysis, you can take the outlaws when you look at one thing that you do mention something to look forward. Look at in the future is far right terror as well, which doesn't usually come into the narrative, your stats are picking that up as well. Is this a spike is this something from a low base, the number of firearms terrorists disa- small in comparison seven hundred in two thousand seventeen from fifty nine attacks, but we can certainly seen increasing trained coming up almost zero advice from forty four to five years ago. Steve caladiums, founder of the institute for economics and peace which compiles the global terrorism index that he was talking about. You're listening to Newsday on the BBC World Service now today in Washington DC. A funeral service will be held for former president George H W Bush the forty first man to hold office in the White House was often considered clumsy with words. And lacking in emotion in public and private. However, he was a voracious letter writer and rather than a right and auto biography, he decided to publish a companion of his correspondence entitled all the best New York Times. Journalists Michael Tackett has studied the book and spoke about the personal image the letters page of the former president in public George Bush was known as someone who didn't speak. Wells didn't seem very self assured. And always said, I'm not one year likes to talk about my emotions in private in his letters. He was the exact opposite. He was all about his emotions he was all about expressing himself and actually many times quite eloquently. So it's interesting that he suppressed that in his public life. He wrote about all manner of things he wrote about war and peace. He wrote about his own experience in war, including a very long letter telling his parents when his plane had been shot down. And you lost two of his crew. You know, he he tried to reassure them that he was okay. At the same time. He was coming to grips with the fact that some of his crew members died. You know, you really felt for them and for their families. He also wrote lighter hearted letters like one to Katherine Hepburn about winning the Oscar, and he said something like, you know, you're you're the cat's meow list or something like that. It was funny. There's no question. You know, he had sort of dual tracks in his thinking, but he looked out for his country. But he was always looking out for his son because you was sort of unique in knowing exactly what is son was going through their kind of burdens that that office imposes remember that only John Adams and John Quincy Adams. Had the same experience in American history were father and son were both elected president. Michael target New York Times journalists on that book all the best about the public and the personal figure of the late president, George H W Bush the forty first president of the United States yet. Here's this big long piece by Nick Bryant, one of our America correspondence about the historical judgment on Bush. The first check it out online. Very interesting nineteen minutes past the hour. The office investigating Russian collusion in the US election as recommended that the former national security adviser, Michael Flynn should be spared a jail sentence because of his cooperation with the inquiry and soon NAMI warnings in the western Pacific after shallow earthquake struck to the east of New Caledonia. Matthew Kenyon sport. You can never relax in the English Premier League. According to Manchester City bus Guardiola after his side's two one win over what for them five points. Clear at the top of the table, at least until tonight. What I pulled a goal back with five minutes to go. And it was a nervous end to the game for city. It's never over at two nil. According to Guardiola never pulled played Burnley tonight also tonight Manchester United against arsenal. Which could be rather. Interesting with the run that small are on a moment touch at Old Trafford. Elsewhere Ivory Coast football federation says neither it nor the country's government of. Been informed of plans by the confederation. Of African football announced by the federation's president in an interview this week. They will have to delay hosting the Africa Cup of nations from twenty twenty one to twenty twenty three to make way for Cameroon who were asked to host of twenty nine teen. They say no one has been told this is happening and Kenya's world marathon record holder Elliott kick Kobe told the BBC that winning the w male athlete of the year award was even better than setting that new global Mark in Berlin this year, the female award went to Columbia, Stella jumper Kettering, Ibar, Gwen and congratulations to both of those. Thank you, Matthew. It's never over at two nil. It is over a half past those who are better. Hurry on in business news with Philip Hampshire. Asia's largest drugs maker has secured shareholder approval for fifty nine billion takeover of an Irish drugmaker. It could be Japan's largest ever corporate acquisition was talking about Matthew Phillips here. So Philip this would make them together. If they put the two together one of the biggest drugmakers in the world one of the ten biggest drugmakers currently in the top twenty European or North American. I think he's pretty reasonable to say you probably haven't heard of to Kida as a company if you've got a type two diabetes, though, there's a much better chance you've heard them because they make a medication could act toss which is the world's best-selling talk to diabetes medication. And when they linked together with sharp pharmaceuticals. We again, these things are a little bit tricky tricky because unlike say, Pfizer Johnson and Johnson Shire pharmaceuticals also not a household name. But they make a product called the events, and that is one of the world's best-selling ADHD drugs, for instance. So if you cook very specific disorders within your household, the chances, are you are aware and familiar with these particular brand names they're hoping to link together primarily because. Both of them have a specialism one of the big areas that pharmaceutical companies pushing into is rare diseases and disorders because obviously if they're very diseases other companies aren't gonna try and chase you into that field. But if they're so specialized of what they do what are the benefits of bringing the two together cost-cutting effectively the benefit by being able to push together the marketing teams by being able to push together some of their jokes as part of the agreement in order to buy one another route they have had to talk to the European Union there. No monopolies oligopoly takeover concerns. They are having to jettison one of their gastrointestinal drugs in order to proceed with the deal. Nonetheless, Shara pharmaceutical shareholders aren't going to be voting on.