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The the war criminals would be executed in the request was to execute them in such a way that the brains could be saved for study john judges from britain medica rush hour products assembly nuremberg's courthouse empowered to impose sentence of breath all such punishment as it makes it adjust the tribunal sits in judgment upon went to leaders of the nazi party defendant hammond villa calgary. The international believable changes you. I'd hang but when the trial ended in the hangings began it turned out that most of the brains did not get preserved. We do have one brain only one brain when robert ley <unk> hanged himself the brain was <hes> saved during autopsy and examined it was shipped dipped to walter reed army suit of pathology outside of washington where it was examined by the leading neuro pathologist breath hala gist of the day and laze brain was a point in favor of these men as monsters because of abnormal brain physiology robert lay in fact had major brain pathology he had been in numerous accidents. It's <hes> had been in a coma for multiple days and woke up from the coma and had a permanent stammer hammer thereafter in addition he was a severe alcoholic so certainly he had adds some degree of brain pathology but although that would seem to be a victory for gustave gilbert who thought only a brain disease could explain why people would be so evil evil there was a wrinkle in that theory even with robert lay the paradox is that he was really the only war criminal criminal to apologize and to feel guilt and remorse for what he had done in contrast contrast other nazi leaders who kill themselves including hitler did so to avoid giving the allies the satisfaction of a trial and conviction and death sentence there were others who killed themselves at nuremberg not out of remorse but if anything to spite the allies is that the prisoner was the master of his own fate gerring for instance killed himself with cyanide just hours before he was was to be hanged there was also the possibility of at some of the men were psychopaths or sociopaths. I think gerring would have to be the most frightening leader of the mall because he smells so contemporary. There's a shrewdness to to goering. You feel like you could watch him on t._v. With whatever flag behind him that you wish and he would be immediately really apparent as a relentless force in political leadership he was funny when he chose to be funny he was harsh and brutal when he chose to be brutal very cynical person and <hes> immediately familiar to us so the the crux comes down to this question of the flavors of evil and how we understand it but although there was some evidence to suggest that there were brain disorders it didn't seem so clear cut with other men who engaged in equally evil behavior. The four people i studied came from very different social klaus backgrounds. Yes some of them had deprived a childhood difficult family structure but some of them didn't so it's a profound error to assume that <hes> this degree of malice originates from one source there are divers route. It's not just one tap root there. Lots of different sources for ultimately that was the conclusion reached after the nazi war criminals were put under the proverbial microscope sure some of them had some abnormalities or disorders but the group wasn't systematically different from the rest of the population in that many ways. I think the best response is that they were heterogeneous and that's important. That's very important understanding. We make a mistake when we assume that evil is monochromatic. There are many flavors many different types of evil and in the four men that i studied. They were very very different. People so who won the debate between kelly and gilbert well as joel argues. Neither of them had a monopoly on truth. He writes in the book quote. Kelly found some darkness in every person gilbert found unique darkness in some.