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"Jamie Floyd. This is all things considered on WNYC. It's two thousand nineteen in the partial government shutdown is still with us now eleven days with federal workers and their families struggling to pay bills as President Trump and congressional Democrats refused to come to terms over funding over his border wall plaza daycare center opened on Capitol Hill tomorrow and Proctor and gamble. Gillette? Crass dove, soap and helman's mayonnaise not to mention Campbell Soup. One of these brands may not make it to twenty twenty. We'll find out which one after news headlines. Live from NPR news in Washington. I'm Jack Speer. The nation's largest federal employees labor union is suing the Trump administration over the partial government shutdown which is now in its eleventh day NPR's Windsor, Johnston reports hundreds of thousands of workers have been furloughed or on the job without pay. The American federation of government employees says the administration is violating the fair labor standards act by forcing employees deemed essential to work without pay Heidi. Barack Obama is one of the turn as representing union employees. One of the plaintiffs told me he went into work last night at four PM after he finished his eight hour shift. He got mandated to stay and work, another eight hour shifts until eight AM this morning, and he doesn't know if you'll even get paid for it unless the shutdown end, there's no indication of when the government will reopen about a quarter of federal agencies have been affected including correctional officers and border. Troll and immigration agents. Windsor johnston. NPR news, Washington retired army captain from the far right has taken office as the president of Brazil NPR's. Philip Reeve says Europe Bolsonaro was officially sworn in during a ceremony attended by US secretary of state, Mike Pompeo in the country's capital. Brasilia Bolsonaro arrive for the ceremony standing up in the back of an open topped vintage Rolls Royce with his wife at his side. They were accompanied by soldiers on white horses and cheered on by thousands of supporters, though, fewer than the multitude that officials predicted. Taking the oath of office completed an extraordinary rise to power from obscure congressman to populace president of Latin America's largest nation. His opponents worry about his hardline policies and also his admiration for Brazil's past military dictatorship yet after his inauguration Bolsonaro spoke of uniting the nation and preserving democracy breathes, NPR news, Priscilla boldly going where no space probe has gone before. Nasa's new horizons spacecraft early today blazed by a small AC object known as Altima Tooley was not so sometime later that scientists had the photographic evidence of the stork fly by coming from some four point one billion miles from earth took hours for the spacecraft's message beamed at the speed of light to arrive. Allen stern lead scientists on the project overnight, the United States spacecraft new horizons conducted the farthest exploration in the history of humankind. And did so spectacularly thousands. Of operations onboard the spacecraft had to work correctly in order for us to be able to tell you this. And now, we know that it all did a billion miles from Pluto. It's the most distant object ever explored by a manmade spacecraft. It's expected to take new horizons nearly two years to be back all the data gathered from its passive, ultimately, yours financial markets are closed for the New Year's day holiday. You're listening to NPR news in Washington. And this is WNYC in New York. I'm Jamie Floyd governor Cuomo kicks off his third term tonight with a speech on Ellis Island. It's the first time in decades that New York Democrats will hold the governor's office and both houses of legislature, but it doesn't necessarily mean smooth sailing in Albany. Karen DeWitt reports Cuomo has already signaled that he'll pursue a progressive agenda in two thousand nineteen including strengthening abortion rights, stricter gun control measures and legalizing recreational marijuana. The party members are already at odds. Over a decision by a state pay raise commission to increase lawmakers salaries with some strings attached, the democratic assembly speaker, Carl hasty is objecting to recommendations that the legislature end most stipends to member serving as committee chairs and in leadership posts, and there'd be limits to outside income, New York City officials are celebrating styrofoam ban that takes effect today. Sanitation Commissioner, Catherine Garcia joined mayor de Blasio at a marine waste transfer station in Brooklyn, she says, so many styrofoam containers end up in landfills polluting waterways and clogging storm drains. She says she's excited to finally see the ban being put in place, and that if anyone doesn't think there is climate change, she pointed out that it was very warm for January first in New York City day, nearly sixty degrees. The ban will apply to single use foam cups, plates trays and containers, businesses do have a six month grace period to comply with the law. And a Brooklyn activists who helped lay the groundwork for the black lives matter movement has died. Hayward nNcholas Hayward senior was an outspoken critic of the PD after his son nNcholas junior was shot and killed by a police officer back in nineteen ninety four the thirteen year old had been playing in the stairwell of the Guan houses public housing complex. When he ran into an officer patrolling the building then Brooklyn district attorney, Charles Hynes blamed the killing on the boy's toy gun. Nncholas Hayward senior was sixty one years old. Currently, it's forty five degrees. It's partly cloudy at six oh six. Support for NPR comes from a Mark foundation, supporting procon dot org. A nonprofit website examining pros and cons of controversial issues. Procon dot org. From NPR news. This is all things considered. Audie cornish. Sitting in a leather chair in paneled room, North Korea's leader kicked off the new year with an address to his nation and a warning to the US Kim Jong Hoon said he's willing to meet with President Trump a second time but threatened that if international sanctions against North Korea continue he'll have no choice, but to take a new path NPR's Anthony Kuhn joins us now from Seoul to talk about. What this could mean an Anthony since President Trump met Kim Jong UN in Singapore for that historic summit last year in June the nuclear issue has been somewhat stalled. So can you tell us what new information you heard in Kim speech, actually, most of the speech was not about the nuclear issues for a domestic audience news about the economy. But he did repeat his pledge to denuclearize and mend fences with the US. Now, let's hear one of the more optimistic. Upbeat parts of his speech. You told me. Mazo two. Our party republics unchanging position. Unwavering will he said to establish a new relationship between the DPRK and the US that meets the demands of the new century and to establish a permanent stable peace regime on the Korean peninsula and move towards complete denuclearisation by DPRK, he meant the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, which is it's formal name analysts point out that there was actually something significant in elsewhere in the speech, he said that North Korea would stop building Tomek bombs basically camp his country's nuclear program. But as you mentioned, there was also this warning that if the US tries to sanction North Korea into submission or just runs out their patients, then all bets are off in. There could be a return to confrontation. You mentioned a warning did Kim provide any specifics of what he wants from President Trump. I think it's pretty clear that he mostly just wants the meeting at this point. And we know this because North Korea has refused to engage in working level talks with. The US particularly Mike Pompeo US special envoy Steve began have basically been shut out so analysts believe that North Korea is betting everything on a second summit with Trump where they will try to manipulate him into making more concessions and the North Korea's point has been pretty consistent in past months. They say look since the summit we have dismantled some of our nuclear and missile testing facilities. And now we expect the US to reciprocate by providing security guarantees and easing. Sanctions. The US wants to to start off as I move by providing an inventory of all its nuclear assets. But North Korea refuses to do that. What about the relationship with South Korea, the two leaders met? I think about three times in the past year did Kim Jong UN say anything about South Korean a speech. Yes, he talked about continuing the thawing relations with South Korea. Now at times, the US's seemed nervous that this sort of inter-korean reproche MAs getting out too far ahead of the nuclear issue. But lately, they seem to have had a change of heart. They seem to have decided that it doesn't really cost them anything at this point. There's only so far they can go with those sanctions still in place, and they hope that this will just improve the atmosphere and maybe make talks a little bit easier. And that is why the US gave its blessing to last week's groundbreaking on a project to connect railways between the two Koreas and the US says it will try to ensure that the sanctions that are in place. Do not prevent US aid groups from delivering humanitarian assistance to the north. It's. Interesting. I understand came talked about an end to US-South Korean joint military exercises. And at the same time the US and South Korea failed to meet a deadline to renew a funding agreement for us forces in South Korea. Right. So there's this little dispute going between the US and South Korea. How does that affect this conversation? Well, these the two sides were supposed to come up with a new agreement before the old one expired last night, but the US reportedly wants South Korea to increase its contribution by fifty percent in Seoul says no the Trump administration wants all US allies to pay more, and it's focusing on South Korea. I the South Koreans are also somewhat unnerved by the resignation of Defense Secretary Mattis ecause. He was a consistent advocate for the for the alliance. It's not clear that the US congress would allow any sort of pull out of US troops. But any sign that the US commitment to the defense of South Korea. Is wavering has sold very concerned. That's NPR's Anthony Kuhn in Seoul. Thank you for your reporting. Sure thing lady in December President Trump said he would shut down the government. If Democrats did not agree to fund his border wall. I am proud to shut down the government for border security and eleven days into that. Shut down government workers are anxious and fed-up Wendy Cyprus. Whose husband is worked for the Justice department for more than twenty years has a message for the president that is just petty like who turns their back on the people that work for the government and many of those people working for the government have felt shamed. For not having a bigger financial cushion people were saying shameful things about we should have a certain amount saved Aaron Roberts in California. Her wife is a recruiter for the coast guard, which is not protected from pay freezes during a shutdown Robert says, they got a one time emergency payment this week. But there's still the threat of not getting paid on a fifteen and the stress stretch. From coast to coast. I think a lot of people think oh, the federal government shutdown. That's just Washington. And it's really not Sarah Waterson is the local president for the American federation of government employees inland Aqsa, Kansas. She says there are restrictions for federal workers looking for extra income. You can't do certain jobs. If it's connected to what you do for the federal government. It's a violation of ethics. Let's really hard for workers and certain departments like science or medicine. It's a very distinct skill set, and it's kind of a small world. Chris wall works for the Environmental Protection Agency in Honolulu. He says he's sick a federal workers being used as a political bargaining tool. It just feels like kicking the face every time like we don't matter or something last week, the office of personnel management circulated a letter with tips for federal workers who couldn't pay rent or bills Tyler Dane government program analyst here in Washington founded on helpful. It was kind of shocking to see like you. You should offer to."