Thirty Cents, Luke Shafer Z. Cohn, Switzerland discussed on PRI's The World
Child three hundred dollars per young child under sex four every month and this would be money that they could use to pay. The rent could be money. They they could use to but food on the table but it also could be money. They used to pay for childcare. And sometimes maybe make it possible for apparent. Go to work so as he said that. You put a similar policy in place in the late nineties. It's been expanded. And it's been successful at reducing child poverty. Can you tell us how that worked. And how does it compare to this plan. From the biden white house in some ways with the uk did in the nineteen. Nineties looks a lot more like the system that we would have today so they said during the nineteen nineties. We really want to have a dramatic impact on child poverty in this country but they layered on a bunch of different things. Was this sort of stable sources support in the form of a child benefit but they also had a benefit that looks like our earned income tax credit in this program that says if you work more actually at low levels were going to increase that support in. That's really important because what we know about a lot of the programs that we have in the united states the ones that exist our that is your earnings. Go up your benefits go down right so if you go to work for every dollar you earn you're gonna lose thirty cents of your food assistance for example. You might lose thirty cents of your housing assistance. If you're lucky enough to have that so it really ease into it. So the earned income tax credit is a program we have it tries to counteract that in the other thing that you did was raise the minimum wage. There is one difference between the us and many of the other countries that you've decided that have a child allowance policy. A lot of those places started from a different place. I think of the uk. They already had a social safety net national health insurance more comprehensive unemployment benefits more affordable higher education. How does that change the equation. For how effective a child allowance might be alleviating child poverty in the us which is worse off than many of those other places. Well i will say that this takes us the for. Is that in that direction of anything that we've done in the united states for example. We've had a lot of success around expanding to health insurance for kids starting in the nineteen nineties. But there's still a lot of times when they might drop off at public benefit. Their mom loses the job and so they end up losing their health insurance. And you know this type of model rate of the child allowance says. Let's try to keep things simpler when we can. Let's bolden many families as we can provide them exactly the same benefit so we are in a different starting point. This is a move in direction. The cash part of it actually takes a libertarian term. Right in say families know what they need the most right and so we're going to give them the resources. They need their families in the way. They know how one key detail here. Luke the child allowance on the biden. Stimulus package will only be in effect for one year. Are you worried about what happens after that. Well that's a question. I think this is one of those great opportunities where we can put this in place and we can see what americans think about it. The biden plan here in the united states is located by my colleagues columbia to reduce child poverty by forty five percent. That would be transformational. Luke shafer z. Cohn professor policy and director of poverty solutions at the university of michigan. Luke thank you very much my pleasure. Thank you this week. Switzerland passed a controversial referendum that bans face coverings by a razor thin margin fifty one to forty nine percent that means the niqab and burqa worn. By some muslim women are now prohibited in public. The referendum championed by the country's rightwing-populist swiss people's party oscar lane has been following this closely. He's a professor of political science at the university of lausanne. Let's dive a little deeper into that political system. In switzerland this unique emphasis on direct democracy. Referendum to legislate change. How have right wing parties. Like the swiss people's party use that system to dominate discourse in the last thirty years this party and general populace far as being able to use dynamo democrats. You're referendum and constitutional initiatives in order to push on issues in the national agenda immigration of course islamic muslims issues of course and european union issue so the relation between switzerland and european union. And of course. This role in shaping. Swiss political agenda is also important dams off electrons success. So this helps the spotlight to increase. Also it's an achievement in parliamentary election and government election swell. I mean how is it being viewed though in switzerland. Is it a sign. That the influence of the far-right is growing. It's important to mention that some crucial policy orientation about immigration about as you don't seekers as we reentered in restricted way in the last twenty years so Policy model in this wing are infants by deriving properties. Part mobilization. That's clear plastic on mastering also share partially these being in these organization. That's important to say also that this bar. I've spotted as stable presence in politics now since the nineties indie started to bush immigration and european union relation as a central dopp picks central issue in the nineties and weights. They year now again. With these issues i mean. The central council of muslims in switzerland said of the vote that has sent a clear signal of exclusion to the muslim minority. So there seems to be some major tension. How does this system of the direct democracy tradition actually square with the protection of minority groups. It's a controversial own. Because they democracy is fusion born as up protection for minorities and the same time diagnosed..