Lake Baikal, Lake Cal, Russia discussed on BrainStuff



Siberia's Lake Cal is not your average. . Lake. . At forty, , nine miles wide by three hundred and ninety, , five miles long that seventy, , nine by six, , hundred and thirty, , five kilometers. . It's the world's largest freshwater lake and with history that dates back twenty, , five, , million years it's also Earth's oldest. . But size and age aren't the only things that make this. . Lake. . Special. . Lake by cow is also home to more than three thousand, , seven, , hundred different species, , many of which are only found in the Baikal region. . That's why by cows often considered the Galapagos of Russia. . No in case it's bio-diversity doesn't dazzle you here's another but Julia fact. . Lake by cow has its own version of the Loch ness monster. . Its name translates to water dragon master and it's described as a giant sturgeon with a prominent stout, , an armored plating along the back. . The monsters history goes back centuries with ancient carvings depicting this terrifying creature. . Interest peaked we thought. . So here's a starter guide to this ancient beautiful and mysterious late, , which is by the way a UNESCO World Heritage Site. . Lake Baikal is located in southern Russia near the border of Mongolia, , its depth of five thousand, , three, , hundred feet about one thousand, six, , , hundred meters makes it the world's deepest lake about five hundred feet or two hundred meters it's also famous for its clarity of water and ice. . When the lake is frozen, , you can see dozens of meters or hundreds of feet down. . And as we said at the top, , it's also the world's largest lake that size twelve, , thousand, , two, , hundred, , square miles, , or thirty one, , thousand, , six, , hundred square kilometers makes it comparable in volume to the entire Amazon Basin? ? A first scale? ? It reportedly takes about three hundred and thirty years for single water molecule to flow from inlet to inlet. . So. . How did like by cow get so massive About twenty, , five, , million ago lake by CAL formed through fractures and shifting within Earth's crust. . It wasn't Lake Baikal as we know it. . Now, , though experts believe it was a series of lakes similar to the Great Lakes in the United States while scientists aren't positive how lake by CAL went for many lakes to the behemoth. . It is today they do have theories. . It could have been sinking earth erosion earthquakes or increased water from melting glaciers although it's likely a mix of these factors and more. . That unifying change took place in the pleasing epoch about five point three to two point five million years ago. . But this lake isn't finished growing. . It's expanding at a rate of about point seven inches to centimeters every year at the same speed at which Africa in South America are drifting apart. . At this speed, , some scientists believe lake by Baikal is actually an ocean in the making. . The lake boasts twenty-seven islands, , the largest of which spans two, , hundred, , eighty square miles or seven, , hundred, , twenty, , five square kilometers and has its own lake mountains and the population of fifteen hundred residents. . The locals connected to power van underwater cable in two, , thousand and five, , and we're connected to the Internet shortly after. . Some Call Lake by Cao, , the Galapagos of Russia not only because it has an impressive array of those nearly four thousand species but also because eighty percent of those animals are found nowhere else. . One reason for this unique biodiversity is the lakes. . Array of hydrothermal vents which are commonly found in oceans but lake by cow is the only freshwater lake known to have them. . Cold water from the lake enters cracks in the Earth's crust through these hydrothermal vents. . When the water reaches magma, , it heats up, , then returns resurfacing with minerals and heat. . These rich minerals are probably the reason some of the lakes most unusual species were able to develop including several unique fish and the nerpa seal species, , which is the only exclusively freshwater seal species in the world and its evolution is mysterious and some scientists believe it arrived by a prehistoric river from the Arctic But beyond seals fish other common animals found in the forests and mountains surrounding Lake Baikal include. . Elk. . Reindeer links wild-boar, , and of course, , the lakes frequently reported water dragon master. . And this ancient lake has another air of mystery about it. . UFO sightings. . Many locals have reported strange lights and alien spacecraft throughout the years and several Soviet era documents mention ufo instance in sightings around Earth's largest lake. . However for all of its natural wonder, , amazing wildlife end stranger sides for lake cows one hundred, , thousand permanent residents it's simply home. . Made, , occupations are forestry agriculture, , fisheries, , hunting, , and tourism though that's currently on hold due to covid nineteen. . Here's hoping they opened back up soon. .

Coming up next