Hypertension, Dyslipidemia, United States discussed on Cardionerds



Risk factors we know from the charts studied that nine risk factors account for ninety percent of the population attributable risk of an I and And those are smoking dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, abdominal obesity, psychosocial factors, daily consumption of fruits and vegetables, regular alcohol consumption, regular physical activity, five of these risk factors account for half of CD mortality in the US and all of them are modifiable something that I am definitely excited about as a budding epidemiologist, those five risk factors, hypertension, hyper lipid, -demia, diabetes, obesity, and smoking their guidelines, for when and how often to screen for each of these, generally we should consider screening for major risk factors every four to six years. Suffice it to say that each of these is a silent killer and you won't know if A. A patient has them without specifically screaming for them. You don't want to wait until it's too late. That's absolutely right terrain all these really important to pay attention to every time you see a patient. Let's start with a few notes on tobacco use. We should always make it a point to reinforce that smoking for our nonsmokers, and to reiterate smoking sensation for our smokers, but first we need to Dick Little. Bit Hebron both smoking and smokeless tobacco increase the risk for AFC beauty and all cosmetology. Importantly secondhand smoke is also a critical risk factor. Think about it. The arteries don't care who's about the cigarette was. Also, unfortunate trend of e cigarettes, and vaping, highly concerning and lightly have adverse cardiovascular and pulmonary outcomes as well. We do know that there are reports of arrhythmias and hypertension maybe. Honestly. The whole tobacco industry is a travesty one third of coronary heart. Disease deaths are attributable to smoking an exposure to secondhand smoke. We just need to do better as a society at the patient level, counseling education and motivational interviewing our key, and should be activated at every available opportunity, but more than that pharmacotherapy can be very useful for some people including nicotine replacement. Radically appropriate referral to a specialist may be helpful for some people. On a population scale, though public-awareness touted policy and insurance based incentives are all really needed. Why am thankful that cardiologists like Kareem dedicated themselves to epidemiology on a broader skuas? Well, these are all such great points to summarize so far. Every visit is an opportunity to address cardiovascular prevention after all cardiovascular disease is the number one killer. We do this by following our two principles of preventative management. One promote healthy lifestyle on everyone and to escalate preventative management with increasing risk..

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