Lupita, Shell Foundation, Florida discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class
World of food and drink to talk about first up. Researchers think they have figured out how the collusive kingdom and what's now southern Florida kept large quantities of fish from going bad in the summer heat. While working on large scale construction projects the kingdom's public works included. Things like really large buildings and canals and they would have needed a large labor force to construct and their diet was largely fish based so the trick to keeping such a large supply of perishable food on hand in very hot weather was to build large water courts to temporarily hold large numbers of living fish. Basically for a few days at a time close to where the work was actually happening. Some of these water courts were massive as large as thirty six thousand square feet with an oyster. Shell Foundation and it wasn't just a matter of digging. The equivalent of a big rectangular fishbowl keeping the fish alive would have required them to account for tides and currents to keep the habitat going as a place where the fish could survive based on radiocarbon. Dating these water courts were built sometime between thirteen hundred and fourteen hundred and that would have been during the second phase of construction on a royal manor. That was huge large enough for about two thousand people. Researchers studying ancient pieces of Siberian pottery. Believes they figured out why pottery was first developed in that part of the world toward the end of the ice age their work involved pottery pieces that were between twelve thousand and sixteen thousand years. Old based on the lipid residues. They found this pottery was most likely used to process. Fish probably salmon. So the team's suggestion is that people developed pottery at this place and time because they were looking for alternate food sources at some point people had already migrated away from the coldest least hospitable parts of what's now Russia and it would have become increasingly hard for them to find enough food by hunting and gathering in the words of Professor Oliver Craig quote. It is interesting that pottery emerges during these very cold periods and not during the comparatively warmer interstate heels when forest resources such as game and nuts were more available. Researchers doing similar work in Japan came to the same conclusion about white. Powdery was developed there at about the same time but the methods for making pottery were different in these two places suggesting that two different populations each developed pottery for the same reasons and around the same time but separately from each other that separate study. The Japanese Studies Lead Author Dr. Shinya Shoda was quoted as saying we are very pleased with these latest results because they close a major gap in our understanding of why the world's oldest pottery was invented in different parts of Northeast Asia in the late glacial period and also the contrasting ways in which it was being used by these ancient hunter gatherers researchers in Israel planted thirty two judean date palm seeds which had been gathered from several archaeological sites. Six of them sprouted. Once that's routing it happened. Researchers gathered up the fragments of the germinated seeds to carbon date. Them to the seeds went back to between the first and fourth centuries BC to were from the mid second century BC e to the first century CE and then two of them were from the first or second century CE. The age of the seeds and the characteristics of the plants themselves may shed light on how the population of Judea shifted around two thousand years ago as well as how people farmed date trees. Moving on archaeologists in Tasmania have been excavating the former Picton road station. That was home to one hundred. Sixty incarcerated workers while they were building a highway in the nineteenth century this included the solitary cells that were used for housing along with things like ceramics tableware and tools. There were also a surprising number of alcohol bottles. Something that would have been tightly restricted given the fact that the laborers were prisoners. Another dig at the area is scheduled for next year. Also in one of the funnier moments as I was getting this episode together. I keep up with all of these links to stories throughout the year. I'm on Pinterest and what I had pinned for. This story was not a whole article. It was apparently someone's accidental publishing error. It had the headline quote fragments found in a Tasmanian convict archaeological dig at Kempton and then it had the sub head. Evidence of many types of alcohol was found at the dig and then that was it. There was no content. What else do you need to know? Obviously the evidence of any types of alcohol was what prompted me to pin the story in the first place. So it was enough for me speaking of alcohol. Archaeologists found six hundred beer bottles neatly stacked during an excavation at Scarborough Castle in in Leeds. This site had been home to Tetley brewing but the bottle. Some of which still contain liquid are from a variety of brewers in the area. Some of this liquid with analyzed and found that it did still contain alcohol but it also contained lead lots and lots of lead. It seems as though the breweries waterpipes might have been contaminated. Which really isn't all that surprising considering its age and the fact that it had Victorian and Georgian era plumbing possibly the weirdest creepiest best headline of this. Season's unearthed three thousand year. Old Teeth Solve Pacific. Banana mystery Fit is an island in the Pacific Ocean across the coral sea from Australia. It is home to an important archaeological site known as Toma which is home to a large cemetery from the Neolithic Lupita culture. The cemetery itself is the oldest in the region known as remote oceanic and many of its burials are exceptionally well preserved. So I'll studying three thousand year old skeletons. Researchers found microscopic particles of banana and other plants and their dental plaque. This is the first evidence that the Lupita people may have brought domesticated plants with them when they first arrived on the island which had been uninhabited before they got there. That arrival happened about three thousand years ago and this may help answer some ongoing questions about how the Lupita people survived as they first settled this island getting into more creepy things which makes me happy moving on from food but continuing with that the stuff. That was. Just kinda creepy. Italian anthropologists have concluded that what appeared to be a piece of black rock is really part of the brain of someone who died during the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. In the year seventy nine the substance was glassy and it was found on the inside of a person's shattered skull in other news a cranium found near Pompeii about one hundred years ago has reportedly been confirmed as belonging to plenty the elder. At least as far as it's possible to consider confirm such thing at this point Plenty of the elder was admiral of their Roman imperial fleet and went to the area after vesuvius erupted both to study what was happening and to try to rescue as many people as possible but he was killed by poisonous gas from the eruption according to his nephew plenty of the younger a jawbone was found along with the cranium and over the course of the work it became clear that the two bones belonged to different people based on isotope analysis. The job own belong to someone of African descent. Who is in their late thirties? Possibly someone enslaved by planning the elder the skull on the other hand belong to someone older from the general region of Italy that plenty. The elder was from This was really not as conclusive as headlines made it sound like because the headlines were like plenty of the elders skull identified and maybe this is a cranium that belonged to somebody from approximately the time and place that blending the elder was from found near. Pompeii. crazy because it's a cranium. But it's also kind of silly moving onto some other stuff that I found a little creepy in twenty-six archaeologists found a broken bottle full of nails at a civil war fortification known as redoubt nine and that today is the median of highway. I sixty four in Virginia this year. The William and Mary Center for Archaeological Research announced that they believe this bottle is a witch bottle so which bottles were meant to ward off evil spirits. Something that's been practiced in various ways in different parts of the world throughout history. In this case it involved burying a bottle full of nails near the hearth in your home and that practice started in East Anglia in England during the Middle Ages. Archaeologists have found almost two hundred which bottles in Britain but only a handful in the United States. So this find is relatively rare also It could have just been a bottle full of nails with no supernatural significance because the top of the bottle is broken off. So it's not clear whether it contained any of the other items that were typically placed into which bottles like nail clippings or locks of hair. It could have just been the container. Someone was using hold their nails. My brain wants to start making artisanal which bottles to sell online. I just put like cat mailed clippings I increasingly really love all of the things that I mean not all of the things because some of the things have been done are horrifying but like the the concealing of objects in walls and hearts to try to ward off evil spirits to things like which bottles and shoes and just delight me. She don't want that bill which to come looking for her tooth you don't it makes me out. That's probably why I thought. The banana thing was creepy because it was about teeth anyway. A little break yeah..