Alaska, Kodiak, Russia discussed on Native America Calling
This is native America calling. I'm Sean spruce. By all accounts, Russians first set foot in Alaska in 1741. That's when the first expedition headed by vitus Bering landed on the aleutian islands that journey opened Russia's eyes to the natural resources Alaska had to offer. Particularly fur from otters, seals, and foxes. And a flood of Russians followed, establishing colonies, mostly on the western coast. They were known to brutalize and enslave the native people. Russia laid claim to the land to the point the country felt entitled to sell Alaska to the United States in 1867. By that time the native population was diminished by half through conflict and disease. Although it lasted just over a century, Russian occupation of Alaska continues to exert influence. As Russia is now in the midst of invading a neighboring sovereign nation, we're taking time to review the history and continuing legacy of the country among this country's native population. And we want to hear from you. What is your view of Russian influence in America? Please join our discussion by calling one 809 9 6 two 8 four 8. That's also one 809 9 native. Joining us on the show today from kodiak Alaska is Sarah Harrington. She's executive director of the kodiak historical society and kodiak history museum. She's a ludic and from the shoot act tribe in kodiak. Welcome to native America calling Sarah. Thank you so much for having me. Also on our show today from Maui, Hawaii is how spackman he's the executive director of the sitka history museum. Welcome to native market calling as well, how? Thank you, Sean. I appreciate you having me on. Hell, please start us off today. When did Russians first arrive in what is now the state of Alaska and how did they get there? Well, there is some belief that vidas bearing was the first Russian to see Alaska in fact there were other less documented discoveries I should say, but when you I'm going to talk specifically about sick as opposed to kodiak in different places, but Sarah do that. But for sitka, they really came in the late 1790s and established a trading post called fort of archangel and Matt. Now, thought of as old sitka. And then in 1802, the destroyed that fort and the Russians reestablished a place in presence in 1804 after a very. Terrible battle, I should say and in which they displaced the claimants. Okay. Now this history of Russian occupation in Alaska, one marked by brutality by warfare by enslavement. Can you talk a little bit more about these early interactions with native people in Alaska and Russian colonists? Well, certainly there were some terrible egregious treatment of Alaska native people and much of it was in the region where Sarah lives that the Russians were especially brutal. And they basically enslaved a ludic noggin people that betting for them. And that was to extrapolate. The sea otters to other furs for Alaska and to make a profit from it. And so when you literally look at what the Russians did, it was a matter of how can we take advantage of the resources in North America with a limited number of people from Russia and still make a profit and that's how they viewed things and certainly they use the Alaska native people and they didn't care how the effects of those people, especially early on. And then it got better once the Russian Orthodox Church arrived, but certainly it was a terrible time in Alaska native history. Well, thanks, Al. Sarah, I want to ask you, when did Russians first appear in the kodiak area and what was that initial contact like? Sure. Well, the Russians first arrived in kodiak and around 1763. On glow trough came in winter and kodiak. And that was really the first point of contact where attacks were organized against the Olympic people. And slowly from that point, kodiak became really the epicenter. I think of Russian history and colonization in Alaska. As the settlement grew and stabilized in cognac, it was moved the headquarters of established in what's currently the city of kodiak in 1792. But that was after years of years of difficulty to put it lightly between the Olympic people and the Russians. And most famously, I think in 1784, shella koff landed at three saints bay in kodiak, which we really recognize as a significant point where there was a massacre against alleged people, men, women and children who had gathered for safety on refuge rock, which is kind of offset from the primary island of kodiak. And at that point, we kind of recognized that the Russians had broken the back of the elliptic people and slaving them subjugating them to all kinds of terrible difficulties removing their families. And so yeah, kodiak story is different than sic has not only in terms of timeline, but also in terms of the impact of colonization in our community that still exists today. In this colonization, again, enslavement so much brutality. What was the impact overall on Alaska native culture?.