Syphilis, William Shakespeare, Europe discussed on BrainStuff
Hello. I'm Anna Faris and I'm Laurin Vogel bomb and our show foodstuff all about these ci- history and culture. Food entering is relaunching as saver re along with our super producer Dilling Fagin are hitting the road to find the stories behind all the things we like to eat and drink. We will be talking to the culinary creators and eaters of the world to get to the bottom of why we like what we like and how we can find more of those things. On our first trip, we went to Asheville North Carolina, a city that pulled itself out of a seventy year economic depression with beer and food. New episodes will be coming out Wednesday and Friday on apple podcasts. Welcome to brain stuff from how stuff works. Hey, brain stuff, Lauren vocal bomb here. William Shakespeare mentioned diseases often in his place probably because he was literally surrounded by them. I mean, aren't we all? But during his London-based lifetime in the fifteen and sixteen hundreds such notorious illnesses as the plague typhus and malaria, ravaged, citizens all made more potent and deadly by rodents overcrowding, and virtually nonexistent sanitation systems also striking fear into the hearts of just about everyone were smallpox and the great pox known today as syphilis. The two conditions actually present similar rashes despite being different in terms of type of infection and transmission smallpox is a virus spread by breathing. Syphilis is bacterial and almost always sexually transmitted. The hallmark of both diseases was a body riddled with pustules, also known as pucks fell to the people to distinguish between these horrors. Thus civilised became known as the great. FOX, not because the pockmarks of civilised were larger than those of smallpox, but rather because in the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries, it was the greater fear. Syphilis was likely introduced to Europe when Christopher Columbus go that guy and his crew brought it back from the new world in fourteen ninety three. Although there are other theories, the timing is definitely suspect. The pandemic began in Europe pretty much right after they returned killing many. Even those we're lucky enough to survive where typically covered in scars and went blind. Of course, the Europeans for their part left behind smallpox and other diseases in the new world sometimes intentionally which along with slavery would wipe out millions of native Americans. Fortunately, smallpox has now been ratified by vaccine and we have penicillin to treat syphilis. Shakespeare's writings indicate an interest in syphilis, such as in the play, Tim Nevada things where he references the use of inhaled vaporized mercury salts, a common treatment for the disease at the time. In fact, one of his best known quotes was originally a reference to Cecil. A plague on both your houses from Romeo and Juliet was first Apotex on both your houses. Thanks to multiple references of civilization has works. Historians have wondered whether Shakespeare himself was infected known for being a little bit of a hustler. His signature during the last years of his life indicates that he experienced a tremor, which is a common side effect of mercury poisoning, which as we said was the treatment of choice for syphilis. Of course, any number of physical illness can cause a tremor. So it's unlikely that this posthumous diagnosis will ever be confirmed. Today's episode was written by Elliott Hoyt and produced by Tyler claim. You can find brain stuff, phone cases and other rain stuff in our shop at t public dot com slash grainstuff. And of course, for more on this and lots of other poxy topics, visit our home planet, how stuff works dot com. So what do you turn when it's a y. oh, you turn. It's a moment of life transformations that happens whether you're ready or not. No matter the change. The questions of the same. How do we get fearless when we feel uncertain? We switch directions without getting totally lost and Huckabee actually enjoy the ride. We get honest, and we talk about it and we definitely laugh our way through it. 'cause shift happens, I'm Lisa is Joel Herzog join us as we navigate our own big life challenges on a new podcast, you terms be sure to subscribe on apple podcasts, Spotify, or wherever you get your podcasts.