King Philip, New England, Salem discussed on Unobscured
I'm Mary Beth Norton. I'm a professor of American history at Cornell University, I teach a bunch of courses on early America and women I have written several books some of which are related to Salem, witchcraft one of which particular is called in the devil's snare subtitle. The Salem witchcraft crisis of sixteen ninety two and I very deliberately subtitled it crisis rather than trials because the book is much broader than the trials themselves when you call it a crisis because there are so many things occur outside of history. Specific instance of which trials can you talk about a few those contributing factor. Well, I think in my book, I argue that the most important contributing factor is the Indian war that's going on on the northern frontier. We don't really know much about this war. I certainly didn't know much about it until it popped up as I was working on my. My study of Salem witchcraft. I did not intend to make the book. What it turned out to be which is a dual narrative of war in witchcraft. I did not understand the significance of the war until I kept coming across material relevant to the war in the stuff. I was reading and I went to look for histories of the war, and I didn't find any. And this was why I did know anything about it was because there have been no modern histories of it. The most recent history to this day the most recent history of the war, which is known as king William's war on the northern frontier. It was written by cotton Mather and published in the sixteen ninety s was the only comprehensive history that I found and still there has been not one. So I did not end -ticipant finding the war to be as important as it turned out to be. Before king wound for there was king Philip. Yes, king Philip's swore and another problem with the literature on king Philip's war until my book was that it's always focused on king Philip's war in the south. That is southern New England king Philip's war is thought of as an Indian war in the old Plymouth colony in Rhode Island and in parts of southern Massachusetts bay. But I discovered that there was a northern part of it also which has been given very short shrift in histories of king, Philip's war. There is one history of king Philip's war that gives a chapter to the northern part of the war. But the king Philip's war is started in the sixteen seventy s and the leader of the Indians was king Philip. A womp inaugu chief who was very concerned about English encroachments on his land and very concerned about mission ising activities of the Christians in his lands. And he led his warriors in raids very devastating raids on New England communities, but the war leaked over. I think we can say into the north of the Indians in the north the wab hockey's did not particularly want to get involved in it. But they basically were forced to because of pressure from the woman in the south and from the English settlers who didn't trust them because of what was happening in the south. And in fact, the English treated them extremely badly in king Philip's war did all kinds of things that you can only call them the various to them, and so they did become involved. And so the Indian war then became in the sixteen seventy s became general. It was finally came to an end in more or less with a truce in sixteen seventy eight and the. It was devastating to the English who had settled in Maine and New Hampshire. They had abandoned their communities in that period. They moved back in and then the second war started in sixteen eighty eight and it all happened all over again. It was devastating. It was devastating war. We don't think of Maine as a very we don't think of Maine is a frontier, we don't think of Maine as a prosperous area. But in fact, main in the sixteen seventy s and sixty nineties was really where the action was as far as. Profit to be made in New England in Boston people had bought land. They had set up sawmills Boston had a very vigorous shipbuilding industry that the sawmills in Maine were providing the labor the time the timber four the..