Myanmar, Nancy President Biden, Vladimir Putin discussed on 1A
The Friday News round up on one A. We're hearing from Nancy Yusef from the Wall Street Journal. Joyce Carol, Washington correspondent for the National and Indira Lakshmanan, senior executive editor at National Geographic. In Myanmar Police have now filed several charges against the country's elected civilian leader on Song Souci. This follows the military coup on Monday. The exact whereabouts of the Nobel Peace Prize winner remain unclear. She has not been seen nor has the country's president since the military seized power. Indira. There has long been tension between the military and the government. Talk to me about the timing. Why did the army choose this moment to do this? Yeah, well, um as the listeners to this show, or where, in November, just a couple months ago on Sun Suit, Cheese National League for Democracy and L D, the main opposition party won more than 77%. Of the seats in parliament in what international observers were calling the country's first free and fair election. Well, first in 2010. That was the first free and fair election in 25 years. Now, 10 years later, they want an even bigger amount of support, which was there for giving on San Souci in a way Backing and a mandate for the kinds of reforms and lessening of the military's role that she has been pushing for cause. Remember in these last 10 years suit she has You know, sort of been running the country, but not really. She's been a state councilor alongside the Myanmar military, which has maintained significant power. In some ways, you know, she has really tainted her reputation in the eyes of the world. As you mentioned she was a Nobel Peace Prize winner for her very brave and determined willingness to be in her home country. When she could have been sitting pretty and safely in Britain. She had a British husband and kids, but instead, she came back to her home country and endured Many, many years of house arrest in her fight for democracy. But in the last few years she's tainted that reputation by supporting the Myanmar military not only at home but in international courts in what most of the world considers to be a genocide of the Muslim Rohingya minority People in me and Mar Bond. She went along with it and basically endorsed it and said it was not a genocide campaign. But I think the spark for this at this point was that the military didn't want her to have this mandate to roll back their power, Limited and move Maurine the direction of parliamentary democracy. And they've arrested her. They've charged her with some pretty thin charges about you know, Importing some walkie talkies on day have absolutely no proof that the November elections were falsified and fraudulent, which is what they've been claiming, and U. S. Officials have now weighed in late On Thursday, President Biden made his first public remarks on the military takeover. And he called out those in power just to note U. S official policy is to use the country's former name of Burma. They say that they use Myanmar as a courtesy in certain communications. But here's what President Biden said the Burmese military should relinquish power they have seized Release the advocates and activist and officials they have detained, lift the restrictions on telecommunications and refrain from violence. Nancy President Biden also threatened new sanctions. We know the United Nations has also condemned the coup. What's the latest that we know about what exactly is unfolding on the ground in Myanmar? And what happens next? So let's start with on the ground. We've seen that the government is blocked Facebook after residents there started posting photos of people banging pots and pans and support of on sushi on Santucci of people hold up three fingers, Hunger games reference, signaling resistance. And it's a big deal there because Facebook is used by half the population is the most dominant social media platform. And, of course, um, it's signals and effort to suppress any protest. This is Relatively, Um uh On the streets of Milan, where we haven't seen protests. I think the way that some would expect out of fear and this was sort of the first step towards speaking out and the military controlled government shut that down immediately. You mentioned sanctions earlier in the world response. What's been interesting as we've seen sort of two tranches of responses. If you will, from the U. S and the EU and France. We've seen a demand that that the On song She she and her colleagues be released. But we've seen from other countries in the region in particular, stop short of that and say that they want the Sustainment of sort of a democratic system in Myanmar. The most. I think important response comes from Japan because they have close ties with Myanmar, and in the last years, Japanese businesses have expanded their investment there. We saw protests in Tokyo in response to what happened. They're calling for their government to do more, but from the government's perspective, they see sanctions as something that could push me and mark closer to China. And what was interesting is the top government spokesman there sidestepped that question about whether they Japanese government would support sanctions. And so I think Japan will be the leader in terms of setting the world reactions. Response. In Myanmar specifically whether sanctions are effective. And, uh, um, effective response or not, and remind our listeners that saying passed sanctions were against the very military commanders who who launched this coup so that certainly as a data point, an indicator of How effective they could be well. Meanwhile, a crackdown in Russia has also caught the world's attention. Street protests last weekend led to more than 5000 people being arrested on Tuesday, Another 1400 people were detained for supporting jailed opposition leader Alexei Navalny. America's new Secretary of state, Tony Blinken, was asked earlier this week to respond to allegations made by the Kremlin of quote unquote gross interference by the United States. Here's what he told NBC's Andrea Mitchell. The Russian government makes a big mistake. If it believes that this is about us, it's not. It's about them. It's about the government. It's about the frustration. That the Russian people have with corruption with kleptocracy should the U. S sanction the backers of Vladimir Putin as punishment for what has already happened to the volley. Actually, we're revealing a serious of Russian actions that are deeply deeply disturbing, Nancy. We know President Biden had his first phone call with Putin last week. We know he's taken a tougher stance. You hear Blinken saying they're reviewing all of these actions. How much pressure can the U s exert right now? Well, that's an interesting question, because, um, technically, we could see more sanctions on on Russian response to this. Um, but the balance I think is on one hand supporting democratic exercises of speech and other processes happening in Russia. At the same time, you'll hear Russians exploit that and say, and call Navalny, a Russian agent in their push to signal to their population that Navalny does not speak for for the Russian people. And so I think that's the sort of fine line that the U. S will find itself. Trying to walk. I think in the most in the more immediate period, we could see more sanctions, but again are those effective and stopping what Russia seizes as one of the biggest threats to Putin's Putin's tenure. Reminder. We are speaking with Nancy Yusef from the Wall Street Journal. Joyce Karen, Washington correspondent for the National, and Indira Lakshmanan, senior executive editor at National Geographic, while another piece of news from Russia that gave some reason to pause last year, Russia was the first to claim It had come up with a covert 19 vaccine this week. Results published by The Lancet in the UK said that the Sputnik five vaccine gives around 92% protection against covert 19. We've pulled this clip from August of last year. That just gives you an idea of how quickly Russia moved on developing a vaccine. CNN spoke then to cure. Oh, the Mitri a view was chief executive officer of the Russian Direct Investment Fund, which backed Sputnik fives, development. I've given it, Toto off my 74 year old parents. So time will tell. If it doesn't work. You'll be building a major embarrassment. Flower tells ministry lots of people jobs will build the line and you have to understand. How do you get the bureaucrats in the health Ministry to approve something like this? Unless the science is really solid unless the tracker profound platform is very solid. Choice. You heard him say,.