Mozambique, Halima Condie, Africa discussed on PRI's The World
In Mozambique, the corona virus has been more or less kept under control. has another crisis it's also keeping its is on the threat of terrorism. Last week, a militant group linked to isis attacked a port town in the northern part of Mozambique. The world's Halima Condie has that story the attack on Muslim boy depre- yet wasn't the first. The port town sits in the province of Capo Delgado in northern Mozambique? In recent years, the region has experienced growing attacks by militants things escalated last week. Group. Not, the preventive. Mozambique's Minister of Defense. Jaime Netto. He said militants disguised as devilliers entered mostly boy a DEPRI- they murdered civilians and attacked the nearby port taking it over according to local media. Martin E we is with the Institute for Security. Studies in neighboring South Africa. Extremely. What because what this signifies is back with government walk Muslim through intense of its handling of the crisis. The whole crisis is a group known as El. Awad. They've been attacking this part of northern Mozambique for years. The violence has displaced thousands of people's even forced some NGO offices to suspend services, but it's unclear what the group wants. Yousef. Adam is a historian in Mozambique he's been tracking the new group. started. Could basically, they were you they did it work they sold in the markets at on says there are a number of factors contributing to the right of the group. There's a lot of poverty and young people out of work. It's causing a lot of frustration especially while there are big mining and natural gas projects in the area making millions in profits projects that haven't improved the lives of locals they were expelled from the land, the many they were paid for the land was. What they were expecting and what they wanted damn says, all of this has contributed to what has become an armed insurgency in the north with militants that are well armed. They get lots of Wiki meant and so on a book they roll from Dod me. There are also growing concerns about the group's international ties in one video believed to be from earlier. This year shows armed militants in Kabo Delgado dressed in army fatigues. NUNCA damage. Data REMOULD Delay, they're holding a flag of the Islamic state. There are isis affiliates in some parts of Africa, but it's unclear what that means for Mozambique Major General Dag van Anderson leads the US Special Operations Command. He recently spoke about his concerns during a press conference we we're looking at. What's happening in northern Mozambique cobbled together region so we are concerned with it because we do believe that there is a local issue there a local grievance that is now. Being leveraged by Islamic state in particular general Anderson said the extent of the Isis connection in northern Mozambique is still unclear Martin we of the Institute for Security Studies says, the insurgency should be considered an international problem fighters from neighboring countries have reportedly joined the group. Is. Equal become a regional crisis that will affect or that countries is that in Africa Mozambique has tried to stem the insurgency with military force deploying soldiers and setting up lots that hasn't worked so far plus the security forces have been accused of human rights abuses killing people thought to be members of the group or assisting them. It's become nearly impossible for researchers and To even visit the Kaaba Delgado Province E warns the government's approach could backfire. We don't go into to project human rights. There's going to be a hidden backlash. Any division no matter how good in my be there's meant to be a hidden backlash and that backlash is what? The insurgents he says Mozambique needs international support especially from its neighbors on Monday the Southern African Development Community, which is the region's political body said, it would help Mozambique as it confronts the terrorism and violent attacks, but they didn't say when that help would come or what it would be for the world I'm Halima Condie. Cute animal alert let me introduce you to a mammal called the Somali Sankey. It's tiny like a mouse and has a long trunk like nose sort of like an aardvark for fifty years. Citing of this Tangy has not been recorded by scientists and now Stephen Heritage is the lead author of a paper documenting the citing of the Somali in Djibouti Stevens with the Duke University Lemur Center. So I'm looking at a picture of. A similar, saggy. It kind of looks like a mouse. But apparently, there are actually more closely related to elephants by Ducey could be long enough to be called the trunk. So what exactly is this thing Stephen and what do we know about their habits their unique in a lot of ways they've got this long extended flexible knows that they used a sort of pick through leaf litter on the ground they've got enormous hind limbs. For running in fact, some species of Sanjay's. Can run up to thirty kilometers per hour while they've also got this great and fascinating monogamous mating system where a male female pair will bond for life and share a relatively small home range that's doesn't overlap with other pairs. In fact, our our collaborator and cough on the paper Galen Rathbun who died about three months after we returned from that expedition. He wants likened. To. Miniature monogamous ant eater gazelles. The Somali. Thank you. This particular species of Saggy had been lost of science for fifty years. What does it actually mean? Right so there had been no data since the early one, thousand, nine, hundred seventies sometimes when we have a an animal that's. Science that's a really bad sign right? It could be very rare on the verge of extinction, but it turns out for the Somali singer. The lack of data had more to do with the lack of focused research in the region we put together a team of SAGGY specialists from the United States and of Djiboutian. Field Ecologists. With that team, we had good success of recovering Maggie's in general in the Somali thing in particular, you talk about that because while scientists had not documented sightings of Somali sang locals had seen it. So did you work with local scientists and pick up on the local knowledge to find this similar thing? That's a very important aspect of the research I think. We had heard in the scientific community in there had been some mentions that there could be sanjay's living in Djibouti, but nobody had ever formally documented any species from there. We contacted our collaborator at Association Djibouti. Nature's name is Hussein Ray who has a specialty in Djiboutian Bird Wildlife. He said Oh. Yeah. In the field I've seen these animals many time in for sure we can try to figure out where they are. They're probably here. So when we would go to these feel sites, we would often interview locals with a photo set of rodents and Gerbils and They'd say oh. Yeah. That that animal is over there in those rocks and this mouse animals of here in this more flat area and so incorporating that local knowledge was invaluable in the documentation of He's and then of course, once we got it, we realized that it was species nobody had documented in so many decades. So once you had an idea of where the saying he might be, how do you go about setting a trap for them to observe? How do you lure? Somali Sankey Gaylon had spent decades with his little method of baiting them with a dry mixture of peanut butter, and OATMEAL and Marmot. So the super smelly concoction of Bait. You can imagine if you're a small mammal that lives in essentially a desert rocky environment, you've never smelled anything like that before. And so you're going to go check that out and see what's going on. Stephen Why is it important to science to find this little critter? What was important to you? What's important about generating new knowledge about this species end up species that are rare are lost in general is to keep the data updated to the. Red. List of threatened species. which is our. Sort of measuring stick or barometer of the health of the biodiversity on our planet and only with modern and up to date knowledge. Can we make these kinds of assessments.