Listen: Andrew Johnson, Mordecai Hi Lincoln, Andrew discussed on Can He Do That?
"Resign the presidency effective bedroom combined. Dave Limb The guest you just heard talking a minute ago is Michelle shell crawl. She was on last week's episode. She's an expert in the manuscript division of the Library of Congress and so this week for episode she's going to elite us through the life and the presidency of Andrew Johnson. He was born in eighteen. O Eight in North Carolina and after Lincoln's death. He became team president from eighteen sixty five to eighteen. sixty-nine personally think with Andrew Johnson to understand him as president. Hugh half half to at least have some familiarity with his early life. So Johnson like Lincoln even more than like it actually is really a rags eggs to riches story to some degree. He's even more like his own political hero. Andrew Jackson they both had very rough starts with a father's dying young in really having to to make it on their own. His mother and father were both basically illiterate and had worked humble. Menial jobs odds that a local in in the way his father died was from getting sick after jumping in a creek to rescue two men whose boat had capsized one. One of those men was actually the editor of the Raleigh Star newspaper. Andrew Johnson was three years old at the time when his father died because his mother couldn't couldn't financially support and care for her children. She had Andrew and his brother become apprentices to a local tailor in Raleigh North Carolina. This is when Andrew was about fourteen and it's fairly similar to what we heard about with Millard. Fillmore apprentice ships. Were almost sort of an indentured servitude for her children but they were fairly common among poor families. Andrew Johnson though ends up so miserable in his that he eventually runs away. He'd had enough enough of it. He ran away with his brother and so there was actually a newspaper advertisement seeking him just as you would runaway slave having to describe him and and how much they're gonNA give for him. He and his brother hide out all by themselves for a couple years dodging capture. They never went back to working for that Taylor but they did did eventually return home to their family. Long enough for everyone to pack up and move to Greeneville Tennessee. Andrew is about seventeen years old at this point and when they get to Greenville he starts his own tailoring business. He also meets a young girl named Eliza who was the daughter of Greenville's Schumaker they get married and while Andrews working in his tailor shop sewing clothes Elisa sits there and she reads to him and teaches is him how to write and spell and she helps him understand math and basic finances because up until this point Andrew Johnson hasn't really had much of in education at all one of the things that we have here in the Johnson. Papers in the Library of Congress are early financial records words of his tailoring. So this particular page. I've pulled out page sixty which is starting in eighteen thirty three and it's a an account for Mordecai Lincoln and I pulled that one partially because Mordecai Lincoln was the man who married Johnson and his wife Eliza but Mordecai Hi Lincoln was also a cousin of Abraham Lincoln's so showing you that there's a lot of connection in early life so with this you can see he is making a suit. He's making a coat for Robert Johnson. He's he does cutting he does sewing and this is actually how he he makes a start. Miss by as a laboring being man and I think for Johnson that history was something that was really crucial to understanding him that he identified with laboring people that he understood how hell high he had risen in life he was all. He's very consistent about wanting to to do things for people like himself so when he got into Congress from eighteen forty six on. He's introducing either in the house or the Senate homestead axe so that laboring poor like himself twelve or how he had started out could get free land and be an an an asset to the country and terms of spreading agriculture sure and and and spreading settlement but also this was a way that people like himself would would have a chance to to get ahead and I think another thing that comes from those those early beginnings to that he remains very consistent with is that he has a I don't want to quite say a hatred but he has a a lot of negative feelings about aristocracy but then again on the other hand Johnson was part of that to some degree because he too was a slave holder so so he you know he had ill feelings about about an aristocratic class. That always looked down upon laboring classes like himself but then again Dan he had many of those same feelings About African Americans to and that all comes into play into his presidency."