FIV, Leukemia, EFI discussed on Let's Talk Pets
We're talking about FIV and how we can make sure to protect our cats from this. We are also talking about what the virus is how immuno suppresses the body. And unfortunately, how it does ultimately result in the device. Your cat. The good thing is again cats can live with FIV for several years if not one or two decades. So how do we diagnose FIV like I mentioned briefly before there are several blood tests for FIV, and it's a really common easy blood test that most vets can do right in the clinic. So if you just adopted a kit in or new cat before you, take them home, bring them straight. You're veterenarian in requests an F F I B test. Now oftentimes. Some animal shelters will test a cat for EFI or FIV before they adopt that cat out. I always think this is really really important because it's not fair to a new adopted family. If they just adopt a cat with a disease that's infectious. So always make sure you know, the status of your cats f or f I b test now when it comes specifically to the F I V tests. It's actually a test called an Elisa test. It's testing for antiviral antibodies that's different than the feline leukemia tests which actually test for antigen, not antibody. Why is this important to know? It's important to know because kittens that have been exposed to their moms blood through pregnancy may test FIV positive, but later body will actually convert or what we call Ciro convert that FIV to a negative state months to even years later. So if a kitten wish just diagnosed with FIV. I usually retest them every three to six months for at least a year to see if they truly have the disease or not now, I know I've talked a lot about EFI LV or feeling Kimia. Also, you have to be aware that FIV is very very different from E LV feeling new Kimia or EFI LV is much more devastating. And unfortunately that one typically results in really severe anemia MIM foam, a- leukemia or even bone marrow. Suppression in really, young cats. It is also very contagious, and it's spread mostly by saliva. Unfortunately, by the time, a cat is diagnosed with feline leukemia. They typically only live a few years as compared to FIV where they can live for decades or longer. It's also important to remember that feline leukemia is way more contagious to your cat. So that catch should ideally be isolated forever and kept in. Doors only if you have a bunch of cats, I actually recommend just keeping that feline. Leukemia cat alone in one room. That's how contagious it is. So how do you prevent your cat from getting FIV the best way of preventing? It is to do all the screening and testing at the animal shelter or at your veterinarian before you even Dopp that cat before you bring that new cat into the household again. This is a must do tests. Just like with a new partner you want to know if they have HIV same thing with a kitten. You wanna make sure that they are f- IB negative. If your cat is negative fantastic. But if they are positive again, you wanna make sure that you're minimizing fighting with indoor cats or you're keeping them indoor only to make sure they're not spreading it throughout the neighborhood. If your cat was just diagnosed with FIV, don't worry too much. It is important to be aware of it's important to notify your veterinarian of that, especially if you ever change vets if you go into the ER, it's also important that you tell them that your cat was diagnosed with FIV..