Bill Sprigs, Sam Greenglass, Tuesday discussed on All Things Considered


Use by you by the FDA. One is over the counter to require prescription. How good are they do they work? If they do work? How will it test works depends on the situation that it's in. For example, if a test would have one in 104 Positive. If you test those very large number of people who didn't have the virus, you would have more false positives right then true positives. But if you tested a whole lot of people who have the virus that you have a lot more true positives. So it's very confusing to the general public. But in general, they work for what they're intended for, which is for home use for people that they don't have toe go to the doctors or go outside or whatever, and have a test, which prompts the question of why the FDA has not authorized more of them there. They're cheap. You're saying they work. These rapid tests are rapid. And they're widely available in other countries. Why not here? Well, we again respond to applications that are given to us. There are standards that have to be met. And it can be tricky to do these tests. They're also going to be more vulnerable, many of them to variance in, so we're going to have to keep surveillance over them because they may become less accurate, In fact, if variants become prevalent Your agency has acknowledged early missteps with antibody tests a different tests, but many of them were allowed to be used without review. And I do wonder. Is that weighing on your decision? Is that holding back more rapid authorization of Auntie Gin tests? No, I don't think so. I think There are a number of quite a number of applications and before us that they need to satisfy our standards and conditions before we would authorize them. You know, the American public deserves tests that are reliable and we'll do what they say they're going to do under enable I do want to ask. I said a Zay was introducing you that the FDA has made some missteps has buckled to political pressure misrepresented basic science. I was referring to incidents last year, including when Scientists. A bunch of scientists came out and said the FDA had grossly misrepresented data on blood plasma and how effective that could be in treating covert patients, for example. You were in charge now on an interim basis for now, have you made changes that should Cause Americans to be more confident that the FDA is going to accurately represent science and data. Well, I believe that right now we are really free of political pressure that we're making science and database decisions and that will continue with the convalescent plasma. I believe it was more of a Error in description rather than a deliberate misrepresentation. But again is when you came in and took over. Were there any changes where you looked around and thought we need to do this differently? Well, I'm doing a lot of things different, but that's because among very well familiar with the agency. But I believe the agency processes are very robust and we have great assurance that our scientific processes will go on independently. That is Dr Janet Woodcock. She is acting commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration. Dr Woodcock thank you very much for your time and for joining us, we appreciate it. Thanks for the opportunity. American jobs are starting to come back as businesses reopen and vaccinations speed up. But there are millions of people who lost their jobs at the beginning of the pandemic and who are still unemployed. NPR's Sam Greenglass reports asked Bud Johnson what he liked about his job driving a transit bus at the University of Delaware, and he uses a single word. Everything. The sights are great. The people I work for the great and it's just a pleasant atmosphere. But he hasn't had that in almost a year. Now. You got laid off from classes, but virtual, I eat two meals a day instead of three. I do go to the pre pantry truth from them. Johnson hasn't been called back yet or been told when, or If that will happen. I am looking forward to coming back. It was a great job in January 4 million people had been unemployed for six months or more. It's what economists call long term unemployment. And we haven't seen levels this high since the great recession that worries economists. Bill Sprigs, he says. Many employers stigmatize people who haven't worked in months. The longer someone's without a job, the harder it is to find a new one. So rather than the typical way you think of a line working you show up at the movie theater. I'm first in line. I've been here I'm next. It works in the opposite. The people who are newly unemployed get the first in line and what's worse, this will likely hit vulnerable workers even harder. Women and people of color have lost the most jobs during the pandemic. They already tend to be paid class and so long term unemployment can scar their earnings permanently. Ah McKenzie study predicted It could also take two years longer for them to recover those jobs. Here's co author Quay Lin Island group, the progress we see on closing the gender gap, even take of it out of the picture. Is so slow. And so then you pause that slow glacial progress and you make negative progress. It was deeply discouraging. There's another worry too. What if certain jobs don't ever come back? How people work and live has been changing dramatically during the pandemic, and that shaken up all kinds of jobs. One of the biggest shifts has been more people working from home. That's had ripple effects for Gloria Espinosa into last April. She cleaned offices in San Francisco. Superbly store. We got a visit from our supervisor, He gathered us all on the parking lot, and he talked to us and tell us that we were gonna be laid off. I was wondering God, why us? It was like receiving a bucket of cold water. That's the way I felt a year later, the employees whose work spaces she wants clean, are still remote. And so Espinosa is still unemployed. She knows there's no guarantee, but she feels confident she will be called back to her old job when offices reopened, be instructed bombs, a necessity to move Chapman on the whole. I think that actually is going to be probably the need of additional workers because we're gonna have to make sure that we can provide that. Extra clean a space that the workers deserve. On the other end of California, Carrie Belisle wonders what her work will look like in the future. She's been a tour guide for 35 years. We are in love, Toya. Has my Minnesota group like he's traveled. Grinding to a halt last spring, Belisle has tried to keep busy, even organizing virtual tours Join me Tuesday at.

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