Lobotomy, Dr Freeman, Freeman discussed on Medical Mysteries

Medical Mysteries
|

Automatic TRANSCRIPT

Was a twelve year old boy named Howard dully. Howard stepmother Lou approached Freeman asking for help with her defiant and ill behaved son. It's unclear what condition freeman diagnosed Howard with. But he advised the delays that a lobotomy would make their young boy more agreeable and in December of nineteen sixty Howard received a trans orbital lobotomy. Meanwhile public opinion of the lobotomy soured in Nineteen Fifty, eight Tennessee Williams play suddenly last summer debuted on. Broadway. It depicted the procedure as barbaric method targeting young patients. The Bell Jar and one flew over the CUCKOO's nest both published in nineteen sixty two also portrayed lobotomy as stripping away one's vitality and independent thought the tides had changed. Even physicians wondered why anyone would recommend a lobotomy when thorazine was so effective still there were a few patients who remained loyal to Freeman entrusted his methods. In fact, the lobotomies greatest asset may have been freemen's. Personality his wit personality and intelligence one, his patience trust. He maintained relationships with some of them decades in nineteen sixty one freeman was giving a lecture on the lobotomy in San Francisco when the crowd grew hostile towards him freeman became. So frustrated, he overturned a box of five hundred Christmas cards. He'd received from patients and shouted how many Christmas cards did you get from your patients? Needless to say this little outburst didn't help his situation. In nineteen sixty seven freeman performed his final procedure at Herrick Memorial Hospital in Berkeley California, his patient Helen Mortenson so happened to be one of his first ever patients back in Nineteen forty-six. Over the years they kept in touch and whenever Helen's symptoms returned, she'd see Dr Freeman for a tune-up it worked better for her than Thoresen had as usual Freeman shot talent into unconsciousness before angling the orbital class at the corner of her eye. He raised his mallet and struck, but this time freemen's orbital classed cut too deep into Helen's frontal lobe her brain began to bleed three days later, Helen died of a brain hemorrhage. The herrick hospital administration was furious and hold Friedman's credentials. He never performed another lobotomy again, Freeman spent the rest of his days following up with old patients. His goal was to gather irrefutable evidence that lobotomy did in fact, how people it was his final attempt to salvage his legacy many patients had returned to their families or pursued careers but others like Howard Deli felt that freemen's lobotomy had taken something from them broken them in some way as the public gradually learned about the true cost of the lobotomy they realized they'd been sold ally Freeman didn't cure his patients. He hit their symptoms from the world and from the patients themselves. The only person who couldn't see the truth was freeman he was consumed by the mythos he built around himself despite his ego he truly believed he'd spent the last twenty years helping the patients he cared about. Dr Walter J Freeman the second died from complications of colon cancer surgery in Nineteen seventy-two, he went to the grave adamant that the lobotomy was most effective psychiatric treatment known to man the controversy over the lobotomy outlived Freeman and Mo- niece. In two thousand, five, Christine Johnson began a petition to revoke Mo-, nieces, Nineteen forty-nine Nobel Prize. Her Grandmother Beulah suffered from hallucinations and depression long after her lobotomy in nineteen fifty to. The procedure only destroyed her ability to make emotional connections. Mrs Johnson argued that had not won the Nobel Prize in Nineteen, forty nine it may have saved her family from heartbreak. She claimed that the foundation had endorsed procedure which caused untold harm to thousands around the world. In two thousand five, the Nobel Foundation responded saying that they didn't revoke prizes freemen's biographer Jack L. High believes that despite the harm done by the lobotomy, it's intentions were good. Revoking, the prize would be stating Mo- niece did something wrong? In reality his intentions were altruistic. The lobotomy was once envisioned as a way to free millions suffering from mental health conditions. Now the procedure seems barbaric. In its time, it was an act of mercy and in some cases, it still is the end of the lobotomy didn't mean the end of psycho surgery. In rare cases, physicians still turn to surgical treatments for mental health conditions today for patients with severe drug resistant epilepsy cutting away portions of the temporal lobe can provide relief from their seizures. This was the same area gottlieb Burckhardt targeted in his patients back in eighteen eighty eight. However, modern methods are far more precise than Burke S-, another procedure bilateral sing a lot of is used as a last resort, intriguing obsessive compulsive disorder, bipolar disorder, and even chronic pain disorders similar to the lobotomy. A singularity targets the LIMBIC system. In this case, the cingulate gyrus is destroyed, which regulates pain and habit formation. Doctors. Believed surgically altering this area relieves repetitive compulsions. Although lobotomies are no longer practiced. It's difficult to write niece and Freeman office monsters. In fact, there are many medical practices performed today that may one day be considered outdated and barbaric. Take. For example, chemotherapy chemotherapy is the leading treatment for most cancers and has proved helpful in treating bone marrow diseases and immune system disorders. But it can come at a great cost to the patient. Some experience a multitude of symptoms such as Pain Nausea and cellular damage chemotherapy can even in rare cases caused mutations that eventually turned into other cancers. Years after a patient has finished treatment chemo is dangerous, but it supporters argue it's not as dangerous as leaving the primary cancer untreated. is why Dr Barron H Lerner professor of Medical History at Columbia University believes it may one day be ostracized. It's not the perfect answer, but it's perhaps the best solution at this point.

Coming up next