Marcus Garvey, Amy Gordon, Andy Lancet discussed on All of It


And now it's time to take a trip through the WNYC archives with the station's chief archivist Andy Lancet, this is the municipal broadcasting system. York City's station WNYC city. We're more than seven million people live in peace and enjoy the benefits of democracy. This week. We're going to take a look at the life and legacy of Marcus Garvey, Marcus Garvey, was a political leader writer publisher and entrepreneur he had a vision of economic independence for his people. He was the founder of the universal negro improvement association. U N, I A the single largest black organization ever in the nineteen twenties and thirties, the U N, I A had an estimated six million followers around the world. Andy you made a documentary in the early nineties for NPR series horizons on Marcus Garvey, ran here on WNYC. How did you become interested in him? And why did you make that documentary? Well, at the time, I was actively looking for significant historical stories and events that up to that point had had little airing on public radio. But also wanted to tell a story that still had a good possibility of finding people who were alive who would actually known or seen in this case, Marcus Garvey. And in addition to his sons, I was able to interview oddly more also known as Queen. Mother more Harlem activists than matriarch and pretty amazing person for decades as well as a member Amy Gordon now here, we have a clip of Marcus Garvey, son, Marcus Garvey, junior talking about his father at the time of this recording. He was about sixty and president of a UN a chapter in New York. The aim of Marcus Garvey was to create a great sinful nation in Africa. That would be so strong that it could protect Africans all over the world, but Marcus garvey's great achievement was to make this idea on the stand to the masses of African people Andy who was drawn to Garvey and his mission will garvey's followers were largely from the working class and included formerly enslaved persons as well as World War, One veterans who had been to France, and it had a taste of culture without. Jim crow. There was also at that time a large number of immigrants in the United States from the Caribbean who found the Jamaican-born Garvey, pretty appealing. Can you? Tell me a little more about his his life short. Garvey was a printer a union leader in Jamaica. And he came to this country in one thousand nine hundred sixteen where his efforts to so-called uplift, the race through free enterprise were met with skepticism ridicule and even sabotage in the nineteen twenties. He was a target of the young J. Edgar Hoover and in nineteen twenty seven he was deported from the United States as an undesirable alien. But it actually we we have a recording of Garvey. He made a record in nineteen twenty one. And here he is delivering the powerful slogan that characterized his movement. Cried. You mentioned Amy Gordon included songs from Amy Gordon. Can't tell folks who she was. Sure. Amy, Gordon was a veteran member of the UN and she hailed from Jamaica. And she remembered some of the organizations songs, she was pretty old when I interviewed her in Brooklyn around nineteen ninety so my guess is that she has passed on. But her songs were sung straight from memory. We have a clip of her singing one of those pieces, cappella, let's hear oh shine on eternal light next one. No Shannon in night. Shane too. To to great. Oh. He did. This. News.

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