Google Develop AI for Detecting Abnormal Chest X-Rays Using Deep Learning

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On friday we talked about a nature publication by google. Ai scientists that showed how a deep learning system could detect abnormal chest xrays rays with an accuracy. Rivaling that of professional radiologists. The system only detects whether a chess scan is normal or not and is not trained to detect specific conditions. The goal here is to increase productivity and efficiency of radiologists clinical process. Let's examine some a i x ray. Science first of all how to rays work xrays are a type of radiation energy. Wave that can go through. Relatively thick objects without being absorbed or scattered very much. X rays have shorter wavelengths than visible light which makes them invisible to the human eye for medical applications of vacuum x. Ray tube accelerates electrons to collide with a metal and owed and creates rays these rays are then directed towards the intended target like a broken arm for example and then picked up by digital detectors called image plates on the other side differ body tissues absorb x rays differently so the high amount of calcium in bones for example makes them especially efficient at x ray. Absorption and this highly visible on the image detector soft tissues like lungs are slightly lighter but also visible making x ray and efficient method to diagnose pneumonia or pleural a fusion Which is fluid in the lungs. For example according to this latest nature publication approximately eight hundred and thirty seven million chest. Xrays are obtained yearly worldwide. That is a lot of pictures for radiologists to look at and can lead to longer wait times and diagnosis delays. And of course. This is why there's interest in developing ai. Tools to streamline the process many algorithms have already been developed but are rather aimed at detecting specific problems on an x ray. The google ai. Scientists however developed a deep learning system capable of sorting chest xrays into either normal or abnormal data intending. To lighten the case load on radiologists

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