"Dame fakes currently pose a significant and unprecedented threat. Fakes stakes are videos. Made with artificial intelligence. It looks so real. They're almost impossible to spot. We're entering an era in. which are the enemies can make it look like anyone saying anything at any point in time? Seeing is no longer believing no now more than ever we need to prepare for the possibility that foreign orange adversaries will use the fakes to spread. Disinformation interfere in our election. mm-hmm last week facebook announced that it's banning deep fakes from its platform. Deep fakes is a term that usually describes Algorithm Mickley generated media media but the kinds of deep fakes that facebook is concerned about our videos which are generally made by feeding a bunch of images ages of a specific face into our that processing trains the algorithm so it can place that face on a given target in a video usually Someone else's face this technique is the reason. These videos are so realistic. And that's why people are worried. Deep fakes can make anyone feel like they've instead or done things they would never say or do and now facebook has banned deep fix or at least some of them. I think we're going to talk about it. I'm Ariel Ross. This is reset McKenna Kelley L. E. Tech policy reporter at the verge. What exactly is this new facebook policy? And what kind of deep fake does it been so i. It has to be created with an artificial intelligence algorithm or machine learning algorithm and if it meets that then facebook needs to decide whether or not the average person would be deceived by that that video all right and then what well if it meets those two criterias. It should be taken down but facebook as base. mcdonagh's is leaves itself a ton of loopholes for leaving things up. So if it's satire or parody they can stay up or facebook has had this newsworthiness policies like twenty sixteen so if facebook determines that the videos newsworthy. It can stay up into if it's in the headlines. FACEBOOK wants to leave it up so people can refer back to it and make their own decisions whether something's true valuable or something like that just to be cleared. Ah that kind of seems like this policy doesn't bend much right so I mean there's a lot of room here for facebook to do whatever it wants because now it has to determine what satire what is parody. What is it good enough? Depict that people will get fooled. And what is newsworthy right. So to to make this really concrete. There were two really controversial videos that featured politicians that were shared widely on the internet and those videos were really misleading. Do you remember these videos. I remember them very well. They kicked off a firestorm in Congress. Mainly the Pelosi video some distorted videos of House Speaker. Nancy Pelosi see on social media in one clip. It's doctored footage that slows her down to make her sound like she's slurring her words a little bit now. It was posted on facebook by a far right-wing group again. This is not accurate. This is fake and then he had a press conference in the Rose Garden with all. This sure served visuals. That clip received more than two and a half million views on facebook. We have a heard from her spokesperson. Essentially spokesperson reminding everyone. That Nasty People's actually does not drink if that was if they were inferring that something was going on the president's lawyer last night rudy. Giuliani actually tweeted out. A link to this video asking what is wrong on. What Speaker Pelosi that she seems to be as slurring her words he quickly deleted that tweet so this video appeared online across facebook twitter? Youtube the two depicting Nancy Pelosi if she was inebriated. So if you look at it. You're like wow. Nancy needs to stop drinking but all that happened was that somebody retook clip of her saying something slowed it down using I dunno movie. You know premier pro something super basic something accessible and slowed loaded down to make her appear drunk and it went viral on facebook. He got millions and millions of years. There's the video of Joe Biden from a couple of weeks ago right and he's talking about the violence against this women's Act at this rally. Deceptively edited video clip of former vice president. Joe Biden just went viral or it's not imported from some African nation or Sung. Asian nation is our English jurisprudential culture. The Clip omitted important context and somebody retook what he said out of context and put it on twitter and it went viral. It made him seem like he was making white nationalist and racist remarks. So what you're saying here or is just people chopping up videos doing very simple editing techniques to make them appear nancy to appear drunk Joe Biden to appear racist and people oh by it and it goes viral and does facebook's new policy about defects. Does that policy apply to those videos. No UH so. Monica bicker the executive facebook. Who handles this toll Congress last week? No the Nancy Pelosi video would not have been taken down and since the Joe Biden video was just caught using simple software. It's not going to be taken down either. It wasn't created using artificial intelligence or machine learning so this isn't a blanket ban on misleading videos of politicians now. This policy is a policy looking for a problem. Blend that we just don't have yet all right so our political deep fakes actually a problem. Right so I mean right now not really. I mean it's scary and politicians are afraid and the technology is getting more and more accessible. You can find it readily available online and and you can post these things anywhere and politicians are in front of cameras all day so you can take photos of their faces and clip them in superimpose them. But we haven't seen things like that. I mean we have the tech but it just hasn't happened yet. If this policy doesn't apply to videos like the Nancy Pelosi slurring video. Should we be worried. The these videos are still available on facebook. And that's that this could absolutely happen again. I mean we're in election year right now as things heat up with the AH easily accessible technology I would definitely see more of these happening but the problem is if facebook is waiting to create all these loopholes just creates a bigger problem overall with that in mind. How have people been reacting to the new policy? Just like how you would expect. Nobody's very happy with it So everybody thinks thanks. FACEBOOK is giving itself too much room to do whatever it wants. Plus I mean the two videos that we've even talked about here wouldn't even be affected so it seems like facebook is looking for some good headlines ahead of the election. The thing is I have only seen facebook make major policy changes when there is an actual imminent threat of regulation so we already have laws on the books in California and in other states banning deep fakes and after the Pelosi video you had hearings in Congress Adam Schiff the guy who's like leading the intelligence since investigation against Donald Trump is very concerned. Thank you had to twenty twenty and beyond the one. That's not need any great imagination to envision even more nightmarish scenarios oreos that would leave the government the media and the public struggling to discern what is real and what is fake and so I think ahead twenty twenty. They're like we need to do something. Even if it's like the lowest possible thing they could have done. Why is facebook drawing a line in the sand about such a specific type of defect video? And nothing else else. I think facebook's policy focusing so much on the technicalities of it including in the policy I including in the policy machine learning wing. I think they're trying to distance themselves away from speech as far as they can. So if you're banning software and techniques you're not regulating relating speech. Okay so they are going deep on the tech angle in order to not seem like they are infringing on free speech. Right and I mean Mark Zuckerberg just spent how many months you know going to Georgetown doing all these talks discussing. How speeches the last thing we want to regulate? Well you can do a little bit of moderation if if you focus on the technicalities and the software and the method of creating these things. The the fear of what deep fakes might mean for. Politics has been mounting for some time. Now meanwhile victims of deep big videos are being hurt right now all over the world in in a far more widespread and powerful way than you might expect and that has nothing to do with the upcoming US elections coming up after the break the origin story. If deep."