"The story of the EMU war. It begins after World War One. When soldiers returned home to Australia. The government was eager to show its support for veterans take land, the government said grow wheat, and we'll pay handsomely for it. It was a mission for the bright and hopeful for men eager to, cultivate, their futures as they cultivated the soil in Western Australia. You could say the plan was flawed from the start the government had ninety thousand hector's that's two hundred twenty two thousand acres to go around. But that wasn't enough for the nearly five thousand veterans who wanted it land was doled out as it became available and the choicest lots were given away. I the remaining veterans Gotland in Perth, which was not ideal for farming. What's more in the years that followed the initial land handout in the early nineteen twenty s Western Australia, combated drought frost and a significant rabbit investation while veterans labored against the elements and the wildlife mounting financial challenges from the great depression. Threatened to undercut all they'd been promised the trillion government had initially pledged to pay the veterans four shillings per bushel of wheat. But the Bill tied to that son was killed in the Senate another Bill proposing three shillings per bushel actually passed, but the veterans were never paid at last in nineteen thirty-one the wheat bounty act made good on the government's promised to pay for wheat at the staggeringly low price of four and a half Pence per bushel. Let's put this in perspective Pence equivalent to pennies a shilling twelve Pence into their twenty shillings in a pound in today's market one. British pound is worth about a buck fifty. So these veterans were being promised smallish sums of money to start and delivered way. Less originally promised a fifth of a pound per bushel and settling for just one twentieth of a pound per bushel ten times less than what was promised. However, by this point, the veterans were desperate to make money off their wheat crops, and the stage was set for modestly fruitful harvest, no one could have anticipated. What happened next in the analysis of history? There's perhaps no stranger Afo. The Australian IMO a flightless bird. The can stand about six to half feet. That's two meters. Tall and weigh close to one hundred pounds. That's forty five kilograms and at an even stranger battle of man with machine-gun versus giant bird, the giant bird one. But in warfare. It's essential to know the enemy, so let's pause and examine the bird the dogs. The veterans. We spoke with Eric Slovak bird keeper at the Smithsonian national zoological park, he said ammos are solitary for the most part. They do get together in breeding seasons, but emus would prefer to be by themselves. The exception is when their foraging Slovak lichens that behavior to humans going out solo to a fast-food lunch. He said, you're at McDonalds around lots of people, but you're not socializing. You're just there for the food. Okay. So they're big solitary hungry birds. Not much of a threat. Right. Multiply that Emilia envisioning by twenty thousand that's how many descended upon Western Australia in nineteen thirty two until a decade earlier in nineteen twenty two emus had been a protected species. After that time they were reclassified as vermin Slovak explained. They'll eat anything. They can get their mouths on without hunting. They're grazers. They like nuts and berries baby grasses, which brings us back to wheat yet. They'll eat that faced with a seemingly endless buffet of it. The opportunistic birds homed in on the veterans plots beaten down by weather at a volatile financial market. The veterans leaned hard on the government help us they implored so one major GP w Meredith bound up leading a military offensive against the emails, but there were a few conditions. The veterans head to foot the Bill for the munition Lewis machine guns were used in EMU combat and the veterans had to provide food and lodging for the men assigned. To this curious mission as a side note as cinema tougher from FOX movie tone, accompanied the military to film, the Email effort historians assume the footage would have been used in propaganda films to illustrate how the government was aiding its veterans, but spoiler alert the mission didn't go exactly as planned armed with the knowledge that had slingshot can take down an ordinary bird, you might hazard, a guess that a machine gun could wipe out Imos easily, but you would be wrong Imos are made to run and win shot out. They're going to panic and they won't move at any reliable direction and Imos legs had neck move with elegant fluidity while their bodies. Stay parallel to the ground Slovak explained the body looks like a wave legs. Good left. The head goes to the right, and they run in all different directions like dropped marbles Meredith and his men couldn't get a straight shot at the emus who stayed out of range of machine guns. Even when enterprising veterans justed putting them on vehicles and pursuing the birds as they ran the military wasted a ton of ammunition. Only. Two hundred birds of the twenty thousand were actually killed and not only the emails evade the troops. They destroyed even more farmland in the process tearing up the ground wherever they ran the veterans were dispirited and their land was devastated. Meredith had a lot to answer for why had so much ammunition been wasted. And was the effort, even humane. Then there was the matter of money veterans promised to pay for the IMO, but the mission ultimately failed could be forgiven. This example, ridiculous history. Can't be tied up conclusively with a tidy bow and some details such as who was ultimately held responsible. For the cost of the munition are unclear we do know that the veterans learned painfully from past performance that rifles not machine guns or the best way to handle nuisance EMAS. They continued their war in a one to one battle veteran against bird. And the Australian government later place to bounty on EMAS to help control the population. But finally, we do suspect that the FOX and Matale gopher gots epoch B-roll while on location."