U.S.-Taliban Peace Deal Under Threat From Renewed Violence

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The violence in Afghanistan resume just days after the U. S. and the Taliban signed a deal to end the war there on Wednesday US drone attack the group in retaliation for a series of attacks on Afghan troops and yesterday at least thirty two civilians were killed dozens injured when Afghan gunmen opened fire in Kabul the self proclaimed Islamic state or ISIS claimed responsibility for that attack Seth Jones as a counterterrorism expert at the center for strategic and International Studies Mr Jones thanks for being with us it's great to be on thanks the deal was signed last weekend has already failed no it hasn't failed yet but I think we're at the period where it's going to be most difficult where the Afghan government now which is feuding within itself over who's actually running the government has to find a solution with the Taliban I think this will be the most difficult period by far is can we get any sort of agreement between the Afghan government and the Taliban Canley I think that the challenge so far is that most of the senior Taliban leadership led by block inside a secure Razzaq any of the senior officials I find it very hard to believe that they'll have fought for eighteen years only to agree to a situation where they're serving in an Afghan government led by someone like president Ghani I I think they're going to want to ask for a lot and I don't see at this point a lot of opportunity and and position where where the two will agree but we'll have to see we usually ask for a lot a return to some of the practices for which the Taliban were known when they ruled Afghanistan I'm thinking of that but the practical incarceration of women and not permitting women in schools yeah they they I mean that the Taliban of today is a different organization from the Taliban of the nineteen nineties that so that ran the government up through nine eleven they have a slightly modified ideology but they still have a pretty harsh position towards women they still have a harsh position toward women serving in government positions what what how people can dress but I think most importantly they have expressed a willingness to run the government and I think that will be something that the current Afghan government is not going to be willing to accept I have to ask is the U. S. so determined to bring home U. S. troops especially in an election year that the Taliban really has little motive to stop their attacks hi I think that's certainly true I mean I what what I suspect the Taliban is doing right now and and my conversations with both current and former Taliban officials indicate that they're keeping options open if they assess that they can get a U. S. withdrawal now through talks that's great if not they will continue to fight and their control of territory has increased a bit over the past couple of years so they're they're winning on the battlefield yeah and a half minute we have left fewer adviser to the U. S. military in Afghanistan what would you advise them to help make a deal work well I would advise that the US has a backup plan in case the negotiations between the Afghan government and the Taliban fall apart and I think in particular what does the US need to keep pressure on terrorist organizations like al Qaeda in the Islamic state in Afghanistan and what is the U. S. objective also doesn't want to prevent a collapse of the Afghan government if so it's going to need some military resources to prevent a

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